New-NetIPsecQuickModeCryptoSet

Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows 8.1

New-NetIPsecQuickModeCryptoSet

Creates a quick mode cryptographic set that contains suites of cryptographic protocols to offer in IPsec quick mode negotiations with other computers.

구문

Parameter Set: cim:CreateInstance0
New-NetIPsecQuickModeCryptoSet -DisplayName <String> -Proposal <CimInstance[]> [-AsJob] [-CimSession <CimSession[]> ] [-Default] [-Description <String> ] [-GPOSession <String> ] [-Group <String> ] [-Name <String> ] [-PerfectForwardSecrecyGroup <DiffieHellmanGroup> ] [-PolicyStore <String> ] [-ThrottleLimit <Int32> ] [-Confirm] [-WhatIf] [ <CommonParameters>]




자세한 설명

The New-NetIPsecQuickModeCryptoSet cmdlet creates a cryptographic set to be used to negotiate a quick mode security association (SA).

A quick mode cryptographic set is an ordered list of cryptographic proposals. Each proposal in the set specifies a set of IPsec protocols such as authentication header (AH) or encapsulating security payload (ESP), hashing algorithms, and algorithms for encryption, if requested. A proposal is created by running the New-NetIPsecQuickModeCryptoProposal cmdlet. The quick mode exchange will use the first proposal that the peers have in common.

The default quick mode cryptographic set is used with all IPsec rules. An IPsec rule is specified by the using the Default parameter at creation time. Additional quick mode cryptographic sets can be used with IPsec rules for fully customized quick mode negotiations.

매개 변수

-AsJob

별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

false

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-CimSession<CimSession[]>

원격 세션에서 또는 원격 컴퓨터에서 cmdlet을 실행합니다. New-CimSession 또는 Get-CimSession cmdlet의 출력과 같은 컴퓨터 이름이나 세션 개체를 입력합니다. 기본값은 로컬 컴퓨터의 현재 세션입니다.


별칭

Session

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

false

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-Default

Specifies the customized parameters for overriding the defaults for main mode encryption, making it the new default setting for encryption.
For the default QuickModeCryptoSet object, the default Name parameter value is {E5A5D32A-4BCE-4e4d-B07F-4AB1BA7E5FE2}.
To retrieve default settings, query by using the default Name parameter value. To specify a different default cryptographic set, delete the current default set and use the Rename-NetIPsecQuickModeCryptoSet cmdlet to specify the default set with {E5A5D32A-4BCE-4e4d-B07F-4AB1BA7E5FE2}.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

false

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-Description<String>

Specifies that matching firewall rules of the indicated description are created. Wildcard characters are accepted.
This parameter provides information about the firewall rule. This parameter specifies the localized, user-facing description of the IPsec rule.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

false

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-DisplayName<String>

Specifies that only matching firewall rules of the indicated display name are created. Wildcard characters are accepted.
Specifies the localized, user-facing name of the firewall rule being created. When creating a rule this parameter is required. This parameter value is locale-dependent. If the object is not modified, this parameter value may change in certain circumstances. When writing scripts in multi-lingual environments, the Name parameter should be used instead, where the default value is a randomly assigned value. Note: This parameter cannot be set to All.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

true

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

false

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-GPOSession<String>

Targets the network Group Policy Object (GPO) from which to retrieve the rules to be created.
This parameter is used in the same way as the PolicyStore parameter. When modifying GPOs in Windows PowerShell®, each change to a GPO requires the entire GPO to be loaded, modified, and saved back. On a busy Domain Controller (DC), this can be a slow and resource-heavy operation. A GPO Session loads a domain GPO onto the local computer and makes all changes in a batch, before saving it back. This reduces the load on the DC and speeds up the Windows PowerShell cmdlets. To load a GPO Session, use the Open-NetGPO cmdlet. To save a GPO Session, use the Save-NetGPO cmdlet.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

false

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-Group<String>

Specifies that only matching firewall rules of the indicated group association are created. Wildcard characters are accepted.
This parameter specifies the source string for the DisplayGroup parameter. If the DisplayGroup parameter value is a localizable string, then this parameter contains an indirect string. Rule groups can be used to organize rules by influence and allows batch rule modifications. Using the Set-NetIPsecRule cmdlets, if the group name is specified for a set of rules or sets, then all of the rules or sets in that group receive the same set of modifications. It is good practice to specify this parameter value with a universal and world-ready indirect @FirewallAPI name.
Note: The DisplayGroup parameter cannot be specified upon object creation using the New-NetIPsecRule cmdlet, but can be modified using dot-notation and the Set-NetIPsecRule cmdlet.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

false

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-Name<String>

Specifies that only matching main mode cryptographic sets of the indicated name are created. Wildcard characters are accepted.
This parameter acts just like a filename, in that only one rule with a given name may exist in a policy store at a time. During group policy processing and policy merge, rules that have the same name but come from multiple stores being merged, will overwrite one another so that only one exists. This overwriting behavior is desirable if the rules serve the same purpose. For instance, all of the firewall rules have specific names, so if an administrator can copy these rules to a GPO, and the rules will override the local versions on a local computer. GPOs can have precedence. So, if an administrator has a different or more specific rule the same name in a higher-precedence GPO, then it overrides other rules that exist.
The default value is a randomly assigned value.
When you want to override the defaults for main mode encryption, specify the customized parameters and set this parameter value, making this parameter the new default setting for encryption.


별칭

ID

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

false

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-PerfectForwardSecrecyGroup<DiffieHellmanGroup>

Specifies the Diffie-Hellman group for session key perfect forward secrecy.
이 매개 변수에 허용되는 값은 다음과 같습니다. None, DH1, DH2, DH14, DH19, DH20, DH24, or SameAsMainMode


별칭

PfsGroup

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

false

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-PolicyStore<String>

Targets the policy store from which to retrieve the sets to be created.
A policy store is a container for firewall and IPsec policy.
이 매개 변수에 허용되는 값은 다음과 같습니다.
-- PersistentStore: Sometimes called static rules, this store contains the persistent policy for the local computer. This policy is not from GPOs, and has been created manually or programmatically, during application installation, on the computer. Rules created in this store are attached to the ActiveStore and activated on the computer immediately.
-- ActiveStore: This store contains the currently active policy, which is the sum of all policy stores that apply to the computer. This is the resultant set of policy (RSOP) for the local computer (the sum of all GPOs that apply to the computer), and the local stores (the PersistentStore, the Static Windows Service Hardening (WSH), and the Configurable WSH).
---- GPOs are also policy stores. Computer GPOs can be specified as follows.
------ –PolicyStore hostname.
---- Active Directory GPOs can be specified as follows.
------ –PolicyStore domain.fqdn.com\GPO_Friendly_Namedomain.fqdn.comGPO_Friendly_Name.
------ Such as the following.
------- -PolicyStore localhost
------- -PolicyStore corp.contoso.com\FirewallPolicy
---- Active Directory GPOs can be created using the New-GPO cmdlet or the Group Policy Management Console.
-- RSOP: This read-only store contains the sum of all GPOs applied to the local computer.
-- SystemDefaults: This read-only store contains the default state of firewall rules that ship with Windows Server® 2012.
-- StaticServiceStore: This read-only store contains all the service restrictions that ship with Windows Server 2012. Optional and product-dependent features are considered part of Windows Server 2012 for the purposes of WFAS.
-- ConfigurableServiceStore: This read-write store contains all the service restrictions that are added for third-party services. In addition, network isolation rules that are created for Windows Store application containers will appear in this policy store.
The default value is PersistentStore.
Note: The Set-NetIPsecMainModeCryptoSet cmdlet cannot be used to add an object to a policy store. An object can only be added to a policy store at creation time with the Copy-NetIPsecMainModeCryptoSet cmdlet or with this cmdlet.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

false

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-Proposal<CimInstance[]>

Associates the specified cryptographic proposal to the corresponding cryptographic set to be used in main mode negotiations. Separate multiple entries with a comma.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

true

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

false

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-ThrottleLimit<Int32>

이 cmdlet을 실행하도록 설정할 수 있는 최대 동시 작업 수를 지정합니다. 이 매개 변수가 생략되거나 값 0이 입력되면 Windows PowerShell®은 컴퓨터에서 실행 중인 CIM cmdlet의 수에 따라 cmdlet에 대한 최적의 제한 한도를 계산합니다. 제한 한도는 현재 cmdlet에만 적용되며 세션이나 컴퓨터에는 적용되지 않습니다.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

false

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-Confirm

cmdlet을 실행하기 전에 확인 메시지가 표시됩니다.


필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

false

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

false

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-WhatIf

cmdlet이 실행될 경우 결과 동작을 표시합니다. cmdlet이 실행되지 않습니다.


필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

false

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

false

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

<CommonParameters>

이 cmdlet은 일반 매개 변수 -Verbose, -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable, -OutBuffer 및 -OutVariable을 지원합니다. 자세한 내용은 다음을 참조하세요. about_CommonParameters(http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?LinkID=113216).

입력

입력 유형은 cmdlet에 파이프할 수 있는 개체의 유형입니다.

  • None

출력

출력 유형은 cmdlet이 내보내는 개체의 유형입니다.

  • Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimInstance#root\StandardCimv2\MSFT_NetIKEQMCryptoSet

    Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimInstance 개체는 WMI(Windows Management Instrumentation) 개체를 표시하는 래퍼 클래스입니다. 파운드 기호(#) 뒤에 오는 경로는 기본 WMI 개체의 네임스페이스 및 클래스 이름을 제공합니다.


예제

EXAMPLE 1

This example creates an IPsec tunnel that routes traffic from a private network at 192.168.0.0/16 through an interface on the local computer at 1.1.1.1 attached to a public network to a second computer through a public interface at 2.2.2.2 to another private network at 192.157.0.0/16. All traffic through the tunnel is integrity checked using ESP and SHA1, and encrypted using ESP and DES3.


 

PS C:\> $qMProposal = New-NetIPsecQuickModeCryptoProposal -Encapsulation ESP -ESPHash SHA1 -Encryption DES3

 

PS C:\> $qMCryptoSet = New-NetIPsecQuickModeCryptoSet –DisplayName "esp:sha1-des3" -Proposal $qMProposal

 

PS C:\> New-NetIPSecRule -DisplayName "Tunnel from HQ to Dallas Branch" -Mode Tunnel -LocalAddress 192.168.0.0/16 -RemoteAddress 192.157.0.0/16 -LocalTunnelEndpoint 1.1.1.1 -RemoteTunnelEndpoint 2.2.2.2 -InboundSecurity Require -OutboundSecurity Require -QuickModeCryptoSet $qMCryptoSet.Name

EXAMPLE 2

This example creates a domain isolation rule, but uses a custom quick mode proposal that includes multiple quick mode suites, separated by commas.


 

This cmdlet illustrates how to include both AH and ESP protocols in a single suite.


PS C:\> $aHandESPQM = New-NetIPsecQuickModeCryptoProposal -Encapsulation AH,ESP -AHHash SHA1 -ESPHash SHA1 -Encryption DES3

 

This cmdlet illustrates how to specify the use of the AH protocol only.


PS C:\> $aHQM = New-NetipsecQuickModeCryptoProposal -Encapsulation AH -AHHash SHA1 -ESPHash None -Encryption None

 

This cmdlet illustrates how to specify the use of the ESP protocol only, and uses the None keyword to specify not to include an encryption option.


PS C:\> $eSPQM = New-NetIPsecQuickModeCryptoProposal -Encapsulation ESP -ESPHash SHA1 -Encryption None

 

This cmdlet illustrates how to use the None keyword to specify that ESP is used with an encryption protocol, but with no integrity protocol. This cmdlet also illustrates how to set a custom SA timeout using both time and data amount values.


PS C:\> $eSPnoAHQM = New-NetIPsecQuickModeCryptoProposal -Encapsulation ESP -ESPHash None -Encryption AES256 -MaxKiloBytes 50000 -MaxMinutes 30

 

PS C:\> $qMCryptoSet = New-NetIPsecQuickModeCryptoSet –DisplayName "Custom Quick Mode" -Proposal $aHandESPQM,$aHQM,$eSPQM,$eSPnoAHQM

 

PS C:\> New-NetIPsecRule -DisplayName "Domain Isolation Rule" -InboundSecurity Require Request -OutboundSecurity Request -QuickModeCryptoSet $qMCryptoSet.Name

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