Get-NetFirewallApplicationFilter

Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows 8.1

Get-NetFirewallApplicationFilter

Retrieves application filter objects from the target computer.

구문

Parameter Set: ByAssociatedNetFirewallRule
Get-NetFirewallApplicationFilter -AssociatedNetFirewallRule <CimInstance> [-AsJob] [-CimSession <CimSession[]> ] [-GPOSession <String> ] [-PolicyStore <String> ] [-ThrottleLimit <Int32> ] [ <CommonParameters>]

Parameter Set: ByQuery
Get-NetFirewallApplicationFilter [-AsJob] [-CimSession <CimSession[]> ] [-GPOSession <String> ] [-Package <String[]> ] [-PolicyStore <String> ] [-Program <String[]> ] [-ThrottleLimit <Int32> ] [ <CommonParameters>]

Parameter Set: GetAll
Get-NetFirewallApplicationFilter [-All] [-AsJob] [-CimSession <CimSession[]> ] [-GPOSession <String> ] [-PolicyStore <String> ] [-ThrottleLimit <Int32> ] [ <CommonParameters>]




자세한 설명

The Get-NetFirewallApplicationFilter cmdlet returns application filter objects associated with the input rules.

Application filter objects represent the applications associated with firewall rules. The Program and Package parameters of a single rule are represented in a separate NetFirewallApplicationFilter object. The filter to rule relationship is always one-to-one and is managed automatically. Rule parameters associated with filters can only be queried using filter objects.

This cmdlet displays the programs associated with firewall rules. This allows for rule querying based on the application fields using the Program or Package parameters; this cmdlet returns filter objects that may be further queried with the Where-Object cmdlet. The resultant filters are passed into the Get-NetFirewallRule cmdlet to return the rules queried by address.

To modify the application conditions, two methods can be used starting with the application filters returned by this cmdlet and optional additional querying.

The application filter objects can be piped into the Get-NetFirewallRule cmdlet, which returns the rule objects associated with the filters. These rules are then piped into the Set-NetFirewallRule cmdlet where the application properties can be configured.

Alternatively, piping the address filter objects directly into the Set-NetFirewallAddressFilter cmdlet allows the Program and Package parameters of the rules to be specified.

매개 변수

-All

Indicates that all of the application filters within the specified policy store are retrieved.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

false

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-AsJob

별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

false

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-AssociatedNetFirewallRule<CimInstance>

Gets the application filter object associated with the specified firewall rule to be retrieved.
This parameter represents a firewall rule, which defines how traffic is filtered by the firewall. See the New-NetFirewallRule cmdlet for more information.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

true

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

True (ByValue)

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-CimSession<CimSession[]>

원격 세션에서 또는 원격 컴퓨터에서 cmdlet을 실행합니다. New-CimSession 또는 Get-CimSession cmdlet의 출력과 같은 컴퓨터 이름이나 세션 개체를 입력합니다. 기본값은 로컬 컴퓨터의 현재 세션입니다.


별칭

Session

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

false

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-GPOSession<String>

Specifies the network GPO from which to retrieve the rules to be retrieved.
This parameter is used in the same way as the PolicyStore parameter. When modifying GPOs in Windows PowerShell®, each change to a GPO requires the entire GPO to be loaded, modified, and saved back. On a busy Domain Controller (DC), this can be a slow and resource-heavy operation. A GPO Session loads a domain GPO onto the local computer and makes all changes in a batch, before saving it back. This reduces the load on the DC and speeds up the Windows PowerShell cmdlets. To load a GPO Session, use the Open-NetGPO cmdlet. To save a GPO Session, use the Save-NetGPO cmdlet.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

false

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-Package<String[]>

Specifies the Windows Store application to which the firewall rule applies. This parameter is specified as a security identifier (SID).
Note: Querying for rules with this parameter can only be performed using filter objects.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

false

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-PolicyStore<String>

Specifies the policy store from which to retrieve the rules to be retrieved.
A policy store is a container for firewall and IPsec policy.
이 매개 변수에 허용되는 값은 다음과 같습니다.
-- PersistentStore: Sometimes called static rules, this store contains the persistent policy for the local computer. This policy is not from GPOs, and has been created manually or programmatically (during application installation) on the computer. Rules created in this store are attached to the ActiveStore and activated on the computer immediately.
-- ActiveStore: This store contains the currently active policy, which is the sum of all policy stores that apply to the computer. This is the resultant set of policy (RSOP) for the local computer (the sum of all GPOs that apply to the computer), and the local stores (the PersistentStore, the static Windows service hardening (WSH), and the configurable WSH).
---- GPOs are also policy stores. Computer GPOs can be specified as follows.
------ –PolicyStore hostnamehostname.
---- Active Directory GPOs can be specified as follows.
------ –PolicyStore domain.fqdn.com\GPO_Friendly_Namedomain.fqdn.comGPO_Friendly_Name.
------ Such as the following.
-------- -PolicyStore localhost
-------- -PolicyStore corp.contoso.com\FirewallPolicy
---- Active Directory GPOs can be created using the New-GPO cmdlet or the Group Policy Management Console.
-- RSOP: This read-only store contains the sum of all GPOs applied to the local computer.
-- SystemDefaults: This read-only store contains the default state of firewall rules that ship with Windows Server® 2012.
-- StaticServiceStore: This read-only store contains all the service restrictions that ship with Windows Server 2012. Optional and product-dependent features are considered part of Windows Server 2012 for the purposes of WFAS.
-- ConfigurableServiceStore: This read-write store contains all the service restrictions that are added for third-party services. In addition, network isolation rules that are created for Windows Store application containers will appear in this policy store.
The default value is PersistentStore.
Note: The Set-NetFirewallRule cmdlet cannot be used to add an object to a policy store. An object can only be added to a policy store at creation time with the Copy-NetFirewallRule cmdlet or with the New-NetFirewallRule cmdlet.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

false

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-Program<String[]>

Specifies the path and file name of the program for which the rule allows traffic. This is specified as the full path to an application file.
Note: Querying for rules with this parameter can only be performed using filter objects.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

false

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-ThrottleLimit<Int32>

이 cmdlet을 실행하도록 설정할 수 있는 최대 동시 작업 수를 지정합니다. 이 매개 변수가 생략되거나 값 0이 입력되면 Windows PowerShell®은 컴퓨터에서 실행 중인 CIM cmdlet의 수에 따라 cmdlet에 대한 최적의 제한 한도를 계산합니다. 제한 한도는 현재 cmdlet에만 적용되며 세션이나 컴퓨터에는 적용되지 않습니다.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

false

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

<CommonParameters>

이 cmdlet은 일반 매개 변수 -Verbose, -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable, -OutBuffer 및 -OutVariable을 지원합니다. 자세한 내용은 다음을 참조하세요. about_CommonParameters(http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?LinkID=113216).

입력

입력 유형은 cmdlet에 파이프할 수 있는 개체의 유형입니다.

  • Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimInstance#root\StandardCimv2\MSFT_NetFirewallRule

    Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimInstance 개체는 WMI(Windows Management Instrumentation) 개체를 표시하는 래퍼 클래스입니다. 파운드 기호(#) 뒤에 오는 경로는 기본 WMI 개체의 네임스페이스 및 클래스 이름을 제공합니다.


출력

출력 유형은 cmdlet이 내보내는 개체의 유형입니다.

  • Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimInstance#root\StandardCimv2\MSFT_NetApplicationFilter[]

    Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimInstance 개체는 WMI(Windows Management Instrumentation) 개체를 표시하는 래퍼 클래스입니다. 파운드 기호(#) 뒤에 오는 경로는 기본 WMI 개체의 네임스페이스 및 클래스 이름을 제공합니다.


예제

EXAMPLE 1

This example retrieves the applications associated with all of the rules in the active store.


 

This example gets all of the firewall rules configured to a specified program.


PS C:\> Get-NetFirewallApplicationFilter -PolicyStore ActiveStore

 

This cmdlet shows the same information in a dynamically-sized, formatted table.


PS C:\> Get-NetFirewallApplicationFilter -PolicyStore ActiveStore | Format-Table

EXAMPLE 2

This example gets the application configurations associated with a particular firewall rule.


PS C:\> Get-NetFirewallRule –DisplayName "Contoso Messenger" | Get-NetFirewallApplicationFilter

EXAMPLE 3

This example changes the application path associated with a particular firewall rule.


 

PS C:\> Get-NetFirewallRule –DisplayName "Contoso Messenger" | Get-NetFirewallApplicationFilter | Set-NetFirewallApplicationFilter –Program %SystemRoot%\System32\messenger.exe

 

An alternate method for performing the same action.


PS C:\> Set-NetFirewallRule –DisplayName "Contoso Messenger" –Program %SystemRoot%\System32\messenger.exe

EXAMPLE 4

This example modifies the package associated with all of the related firewall rules for the Windows Store applications.


 

PS C:\> $NewPackageSDDL = "S-1-15-2-4292807980-2381230043-3108820062-1451069988-2614848061-670482394-695399705"

 

PS C:\> Get-NetFirewallRule –Group Socialite | Get-NetFirewallApplicationFilter | Set-NetFirewallAddressFilter –Package $NewPackageSDDL

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