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영문

IBCPSession::BCPDone(OLE DB)

SQL Server에 보낼 나머지 행을 커밋합니다. 

HRESULT BCPDone(void);

BCPDone 메서드를 호출한 후에는 IBCPSession 인터페이스에 대해 다른 작업을 호출할 수 없습니다. IBCPSession::BCPInit 메서드를 호출하여 새 대량 복사 작업을 시작하는 것만 가능합니다. 이 동작은 IRowsetFastLoad::Commit 메서드를 호출하는 것과 유사합니다.

S_OK

메서드가 성공했습니다.

E_UNEXPECTED

예기치 않은 메서드가 호출되었습니다. 예를 들어 이 메서드를 호출하기 전에 BCPInit 메서드를 호출하지 않았습니다.

이 예제에서는 IBCPSession 인터페이스를 사용하는 방법을 보여 줍니다.

이 예제를 실행하기 전에 다음 Transact-SQL을 실행해야 합니다.

create table fltest(col1 int, col2 int, col3 image)
insert into fltest values (1, 1, 0x0FF)
insert into fltest values (2, 2, 0xF00)
insert into fltest values (3, 3, 0xBAD)
insert into fltest values (4, 4, 0xFAD)

이 예제는 master 데이터베이스에 연결됩니다.

예제를 실행하면 프로젝트 디렉터리에 outfile.dat 파일이 생성됩니다. outfile.dat 파일에는 기본(이진) 모드로 테이블에서 복사한 데이터가 포함됩니다.

BCP를 사용하여 이 데이터를 테이블에 다시 추가할 수 있습니다. 예를 들어 다음 명령을 사용할 수 있습니다.

bcp master..fltest in outfile.dat -n -T -S server

이 예제를 컴파일할 때 sqlncli11.lib를 지정해야 합니다.

#define DBINITCONSTANTS   // Defined to initialize constants in oledb.h
#define INITGUID
#define MAX_ROWS  100

#include <windows.h>
#include <sqlext.h>
#include <sqlncli.h>
#include <oledberr.h>
#include <stdio.h>

#define SAFE_RELEASE(p) { \
   if (p) { \
   (p)->Release(); \
   (p)=NULL; \
   } \
}

// DumpErrorInfo queries error interfaces, retrieving available status or error information.
void DumpErrorInfo ( IUnknown* pObjectWithError, REFIID IID_InterfaceWithError ) {
   // Interfaces used in the example.
   IErrorInfo * pIErrorInfoAll = NULL;
   IErrorInfo * pIErrorInfoRecord = NULL;
   IErrorRecords * pIErrorRecords = NULL;
   ISupportErrorInfo * pISupportErrorInfo = NULL;
   ISQLErrorInfo * pISQLErrorInfo = NULL;
   ISQLServerErrorInfo * pISQLServerErrorInfo = NULL;

   // Number of error records.
   ULONG nRecs;
   ULONG nRec;

   // Basic error information from GetBasicErrorInfo.
   ERRORINFO errorinfo;

   // IErrorInfo values.
   BSTR bstrDescription;
   BSTR bstrSource;

   // ISQLErrorInfo parameters.
   BSTR bstrSQLSTATE;
   LONG lNativeError;

   // ISQLServerErrorInfo parameter pointers.
   SSERRORINFO * pSSErrorInfo = NULL;
   OLECHAR * pSSErrorStrings = NULL;

   // Hard-code a US English locale for the example.
   DWORD MYLOCALEID = 0x0409;

   // Only ask for error information if the interface supports it.
   if (FAILED(pObjectWithError->QueryInterface(IID_ISupportErrorInfo, (void**) &pISupportErrorInfo))) {
      wprintf(L"SupportErrorErrorInfo interface not supported\r\n");
      return;
   }

   if (FAILED(pISupportErrorInfo->InterfaceSupportsErrorInfo(IID_InterfaceWithError))) {
      wprintf(L"InterfaceWithError interface not supported\r\n");
      return;
   }

   // Do not test the return of GetErrorInfo. It can succeed and return
   // a NULL pointer in pIErrorInfoAll. Simply test the pointer.
   GetErrorInfo(0, &pIErrorInfoAll);

   if (pIErrorInfoAll != NULL) {
      // Test to see if it's a valid OLE DB IErrorInfo interface exposing a list of records.
      if (SUCCEEDED(pIErrorInfoAll->QueryInterface(IID_IErrorRecords, (void**) &pIErrorRecords))) {
         pIErrorRecords->GetRecordCount(&nRecs);

         // Within each record, retrieve information from each of the defined interfaces.
         for (nRec = 0; nRec < nRecs; nRec++) {
            // From IErrorRecords, get the HRESULT and a reference to the ISQLErrorInfo interface.
            pIErrorRecords->GetBasicErrorInfo(nRec, &errorinfo);
            pIErrorRecords->GetCustomErrorObject(nRec,IID_ISQLErrorInfo, (IUnknown**) &pISQLErrorInfo);

            // Display the HRESULT, then use the ISQLErrorInfo.
            wprintf(L"HRESULT:\t%#X\r\n", errorinfo.hrError);

            if (pISQLErrorInfo != NULL) {
               pISQLErrorInfo->GetSQLInfo(&bstrSQLSTATE, &lNativeError);

               // Display the SQLSTATE and native error values.
               wprintf(L"SQLSTATE:\t%s\r\nNative Error:\t%ld\r\n", bstrSQLSTATE, lNativeError);

               // SysFree BSTR references.
               SysFreeString(bstrSQLSTATE);

               // Get the ISQLServerErrorInfo interface from ISQLErrorInfo before releasing the reference.
               pISQLErrorInfo->QueryInterface( IID_ISQLServerErrorInfo, (void**) &pISQLServerErrorInfo); 

               pISQLErrorInfo->Release();
            }

            // Test to ensure the reference is valid, then get error information from ISQLServerErrorInfo.
            if (pISQLServerErrorInfo != NULL) {
               pISQLServerErrorInfo->GetErrorInfo(&pSSErrorInfo, &pSSErrorStrings);

               // ISQLServerErrorInfo::GetErrorInfo succeeds even when it has nothing to return. 
               // Test the pointers before using.
               if (pSSErrorInfo) {
                  // Display the state and severity from the returned information. 
                  // The error message comes from IErrorInfo::GetDescription.
                  wprintf(L"Error state:\t%d\r\nSeverity:\t%d\r\n", pSSErrorInfo->bState, pSSErrorInfo->bClass);

                  // IMalloc::Free needed to release references on returned values.
                  CoTaskMemFree(pSSErrorStrings);
                  CoTaskMemFree(pSSErrorInfo);
               }

               pISQLServerErrorInfo->Release();
            }

            if (SUCCEEDED(pIErrorRecords->GetErrorInfo(nRec, MYLOCALEID, &pIErrorInfoRecord))) {
               // Get the source and description (error message) from the record's IErrorInfo.
               pIErrorInfoRecord->GetSource(&bstrSource);
               pIErrorInfoRecord->GetDescription(&bstrDescription);

               if (bstrSource != NULL) {
                  wprintf(L"Source:\t\t%s\r\n", bstrSource);
                  SysFreeString(bstrSource);
               }

               if (bstrDescription != NULL) {
                  wprintf(L"Error message:\t%s\r\n", bstrDescription);
                  SysFreeString(bstrDescription);
               }

               pIErrorInfoRecord->Release();
            }
         }
         pIErrorRecords->Release();
      }
      else {
         // IErrorInfo is valid; get the source and description to see what it is.
         pIErrorInfoAll->GetSource(&bstrSource);
         pIErrorInfoAll->GetDescription(&bstrDescription);

         if (bstrSource != NULL) {
            wprintf(L"Source:\t\t%s\r\n", bstrSource);
            SysFreeString(bstrSource);
         }

         if (bstrDescription != NULL) {
            wprintf(L"Error message:\t%s\r\n", bstrDescription);
            SysFreeString(bstrDescription);
         }
      }

      pIErrorInfoAll->Release();
   }
   else 
      wprintf(L"GetErrorInfo has not returned ErrorInfo.\r\n");

   pISupportErrorInfo->Release();
   return;
}

IDBCreateSession *Connect () {
   // constant definitions
   static LPCWSTR pwszProviderString = L"server=(local)\\dschwart3;Database=master;Trusted_Connection=yes;";
   static LPCWSTR pwszDataSource     = NULL;
   static LPCWSTR pwszUserID         = NULL;
   static LPCWSTR pwszPassword       = NULL;

   IDBInitialize    * pIDBInitialize      = NULL;
   IDBProperties    * pIDBProperties      = NULL;
   IDBCreateSession * pIDBCreateSession   = NULL;

   HRESULT hr;

   // Obtain the provider's clsid
   CLSID clsidProv = CLSID_SQLNCLI10;

   // Initialize COM
   CoInitialize(NULL);

   hr = CoCreateInstance(clsidProv, NULL, CLSCTX_ALL, IID_IDBInitialize,(void **)&pIDBInitialize);
   if (!SUCCEEDED(hr)) 
      return NULL;

   hr = pIDBInitialize->QueryInterface(IID_IDBProperties, (void **)&pIDBProperties);
   if (!SUCCEEDED(hr)) 
      return NULL;

   // Set Init properties
   {
      DBPROPSET rgPropSets[1];
      ULONG     cPropSets   = 0;
      DBPROP    rgInitProperties[10];

      // Initialize Data source properties (connection info)
      {
         ULONG cProperties = 0;

         // DBPROP_INIT_DATASOURCE
         if (pwszDataSource) {
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].dwPropertyID    = DBPROP_INIT_DATASOURCE;
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].dwOptions       = DBPROPOPTIONS_REQUIRED;
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].dwStatus        = DBPROPSTATUS_OK;
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].colid           = DB_NULLID;
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].vValue.vt       = VT_BSTR;
            V_BSTR(&rgInitProperties[cProperties].vValue) = SysAllocString(pwszDataSource);               
            cProperties++;
         }

         // DBPROP_AUTH_USERID
         if (pwszUserID) {
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].dwPropertyID    = DBPROP_AUTH_USERID;
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].dwOptions       = DBPROPOPTIONS_REQUIRED;
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].dwStatus        = DBPROPSTATUS_OK;
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].colid           = DB_NULLID;
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].vValue.vt       = VT_BSTR;
            V_BSTR(&rgInitProperties[cProperties].vValue) = SysAllocString(pwszUserID);
            cProperties++;
         }

         // DBPROP_AUTH_PASSWORD
         if (pwszPassword) {
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].dwPropertyID    = DBPROP_AUTH_PASSWORD;
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].dwOptions       = DBPROPOPTIONS_REQUIRED;
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].dwStatus        = DBPROPSTATUS_OK;
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].colid           = DB_NULLID;
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].vValue.vt       = VT_BSTR;
            V_BSTR(&rgInitProperties[cProperties].vValue) = SysAllocString(pwszPassword);
            cProperties++;
         }

         // DBPROP_INIT_PROVIDERSTRING
         if (pwszProviderString) {
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].dwPropertyID    = DBPROP_INIT_PROVIDERSTRING;
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].dwOptions       = DBPROPOPTIONS_REQUIRED;
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].dwStatus        = DBPROPSTATUS_OK;
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].colid           = DB_NULLID;
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].vValue.vt       = VT_BSTR;
            V_BSTR(&rgInitProperties[cProperties].vValue) = SysAllocString(pwszProviderString);
            cProperties++;
         }

         if (cProperties) {
            rgPropSets[cPropSets].cProperties = cProperties;
            rgPropSets[cPropSets].rgProperties = rgInitProperties;
            rgPropSets[cPropSets].guidPropertySet = DBPROPSET_DBINIT;
            cPropSets++;
         }
      }

      // Initialize
      hr = pIDBProperties->SetProperties(cPropSets, rgPropSets);
      if (!SUCCEEDED(hr)) {
         DumpErrorInfo(pIDBProperties, IID_IDBProperties);
         return NULL;
      }
   }

   SAFE_RELEASE(pIDBProperties);

   hr = pIDBInitialize->Initialize();
   if (!SUCCEEDED(hr)) {
      DumpErrorInfo(pIDBInitialize, IID_IDBInitialize);
      return NULL;
   }

   hr = pIDBInitialize->QueryInterface(IID_IDBProperties, (void **)&pIDBProperties);
   if (!SUCCEEDED(hr)) { 
      DumpErrorInfo(pIDBInitialize, IID_IDBInitialize);
      return NULL;
   }

   // Set SQL Server Specific properties
   {
      DBPROPSET rgPropSets[1];
      ULONG cPropSets = 0;
      DBPROP rgSqlProperties[10];

      // Initialize the DBProps for fastload and BCP
      {
         ULONG cProperties = 0;

         // SSPROP_ENABLEFASTLOAD
         {
            rgSqlProperties[cProperties].dwPropertyID   = SSPROP_ENABLEFASTLOAD;
            rgSqlProperties[cProperties].dwOptions      = DBPROPOPTIONS_REQUIRED;
            rgSqlProperties[cProperties].dwStatus       = DBPROPSTATUS_OK;
            rgSqlProperties[cProperties].colid          = DB_NULLID;
            rgSqlProperties[cProperties].vValue.vt      = VT_BOOL;
            V_BOOL(&rgSqlProperties[cProperties].vValue)= VARIANT_TRUE;
            cProperties++;
         }

         // SSPROP_ENABLEBULKCOPY
         {
            rgSqlProperties[cProperties].dwPropertyID   = SSPROP_ENABLEBULKCOPY;
            rgSqlProperties[cProperties].dwOptions      = DBPROPOPTIONS_REQUIRED;
            rgSqlProperties[cProperties].dwStatus       = DBPROPSTATUS_OK;
            rgSqlProperties[cProperties].colid          = DB_NULLID;
            rgSqlProperties[cProperties].vValue.vt      = VT_BOOL;
            V_BOOL(&rgSqlProperties[cProperties].vValue)= VARIANT_TRUE;
            cProperties++;
         }

         rgPropSets[cPropSets].cProperties = cProperties;
         rgPropSets[cPropSets].rgProperties = rgSqlProperties;
         rgPropSets[cPropSets].guidPropertySet = DBPROPSET_SQLSERVERDATASOURCE;
         cPropSets++;
      }

      hr = pIDBProperties->SetProperties(cPropSets, rgPropSets);
      if (!SUCCEEDED(hr)) { 
         DumpErrorInfo(pIDBProperties, IID_IDBProperties);
         return NULL;
      }
   }

   SAFE_RELEASE(pIDBProperties);

   hr = pIDBInitialize->QueryInterface(IID_IDBCreateSession, (void **)&pIDBCreateSession);
   if (!SUCCEEDED(hr)) { 
      DumpErrorInfo(pIDBInitialize, IID_IDBInitialize);
      return NULL;
   }

   SAFE_RELEASE(pIDBInitialize);

   return pIDBCreateSession;
}

void wmain() {
   static LPCWSTR pwszTableName   = L"fltest";
   static LPCWSTR pwszOutFileName = L"outfile.dat";
   static LPCWSTR pwszErrFileName = L"errfile.txt";

   DBROWCOUNT icRowsCopied = 0;

   IDBCreateSession * pIDBCreateSession = NULL;
   IBCPSession * pIBCPSession = NULL;

   HRESULT hr;

   pIDBCreateSession = Connect();
   if (!pIDBCreateSession) { 
      printf("Failed to connect\r\n");
      exit(1);
   }

   // get an IBCPSession interface
   hr = pIDBCreateSession->CreateSession(NULL, IID_IBCPSession, (IUnknown**) &pIBCPSession);

   if (FAILED(hr)) {
      printf("Failed to obtain an IBCPSession interface\r\n");
      DumpErrorInfo(pIDBCreateSession, IID_IDBCreateSession);
      exit(1);
   }

   SAFE_RELEASE(pIDBCreateSession);

   // Initialize BCP

   // Here we create the mapping between file and table, identifying
   // which is the source and which is the destination through the final parameter
   // (here we are copying out of the table and into the file).
   hr = pIBCPSession->BCPInit(pwszTableName, pwszOutFileName, pwszErrFileName, BCP_DIRECTION_OUT);

   if (FAILED(hr)) {
      printf("BCPInit failed.\r\n");
      DumpErrorInfo(pIBCPSession, IID_IBCPSession);
      exit(1);
   }

   // You can set SSPROP_ASYNCH_BULKCOPY to TRUE to improve client latency here,
   // at which point BCPExec can return DB_S_ASYNCHRONOUS.
   do {
      hr = pIBCPSession->BCPExec(&icRowsCopied);
   } while (hr == DB_S_ASYNCHRONOUS);

   if (FAILED(hr)) {
      printf("BCPExec failed.\r\n");
      DumpErrorInfo(pIBCPSession, IID_IBCPSession);
      exit(1);
   }

   // flush the rest of the rows and finalize the transaction -- the process is complete.
   hr = pIBCPSession->BCPDone();
   if (FAILED(hr)) {
      printf("BCPDone failed.\r\n");
      DumpErrorInfo(pIBCPSession, IID_IBCPSession);
      exit(1);
   }

   SAFE_RELEASE(pIBCPSession);

   CoUninitialize();
}

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