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SQL Server 에이전트에서 자동 관리 태스크 예약

SMO에서 SQL Server 에이전트는 다음 개체로 표시됩니다.

  • JobServer 개체에는 작업, 경고, 운영자의 세 가지 컬렉션이 있습니다.

  • OperatorCollection 개체는 Microsoft SQL Server 에이전트로부터 자동으로 이벤트 알림을 받을 수 있는 호출기, 전자 메일 주소 및 net send 운영자 목록을 나타냅니다.

  • AlertCollection 개체는 SQL Server에서 모니터링되는 시스템 이벤트나 성능 조건과 같은 상황 목록을 나타냅니다.

  • JobCollection 개체는 약간 더 복잡합니다. 이 개체는 지정된 일정에서 실행되는 다단계 태스크 목록을 나타냅니다. 단계 및 일정 정보는 JobStepJobSchedule 개체에 저장됩니다.

SQL Server 에이전트 개체는 Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.Agent 네임스페이스에 있습니다.

제공된 코드 예제를 사용하려면 응용 프로그램을 만들 프로그래밍 환경, 프로그래밍 템플릿 및 프로그래밍 언어를 선택해야 합니다. 자세한 내용은 Visual Studio .NET에서 Visual Basic SMO 프로젝트 만들기 또는 Visual Studio .NET에서 Visual C# SMO 프로젝트 만들기를 참조하십시오.

  1. SQL Server 에이전트를 사용하는 프로그램에 대해 에이전트 네임스페이스를 한정하는 Imports 문을 포함해야 합니다. 다음과 같이 응용 프로그램의 선언 앞에, 다른 Imports 문 끝에 구문을 삽입하십시오.

Imports Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo

Imports Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Common

Imports Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.Agent

이 코드 예제는 단계와 일정이 포함된 작업을 만든 다음 운영자에게 알립니다.

'Connect to the local, default instance of SQL Server.
Dim srv As Server
srv = New Server
'Define an Operator object variable by supplying the Agent (parent JobServer object) and the name in the constructor.
Dim op As [Operator]
op = New [Operator](srv.JobServer, "Test_Operator")
'Set the Net send address.
op.NetSendAddress = "Network1_PC"
'Create the operator on the instance of SQL Agent.
op.Create()
'Define a Job object variable by supplying the Agent and the name arguments in the constructor and setting properties.
Dim jb As Job
jb = New Job(srv.JobServer, "Test_Job")
'Specify which operator to inform and the completion action.
jb.OperatorToNetSend = "Test_Operator"
jb.NetSendLevel = CompletionAction.Always
'Create the job on the instance of SQL Agent. 
jb.Create()
'Define a JobStep object variable by supplying the parent job and name arguments in the constructor.
Dim jbstp As JobStep
jbstp = New JobStep(jb, "Test_Job_Step")
jbstp.Command = "Test_StoredProc"
jbstp.OnSuccessAction = StepCompletionAction.QuitWithSuccess
jbstp.OnFailAction = StepCompletionAction.QuitWithFailure
'Create the job step on the instance of SQL Agent.
jbstp.Create()
'Define a JobSchedule object variable by supplying the parent job and name arguments in the constructor. 
Dim jbsch As JobSchedule
jbsch = New JobSchedule(jb, "Test_Job_Schedule")
'Set properties to define the schedule frequency, and duration.
jbsch.FrequencyTypes = FrequencyTypes.Daily
jbsch.FrequencySubDayTypes = FrequencySubDayTypes.Minute
jbsch.FrequencySubDayInterval = 30
Dim ts1 As TimeSpan
ts1 = New TimeSpan(9, 0, 0)
jbsch.ActiveStartTimeOfDay = ts1
Dim ts2 As TimeSpan
ts2 = New TimeSpan(17, 0, 0)
jbsch.ActiveEndTimeOfDay = ts2
jbsch.FrequencyInterval = 1
Dim d As Date
d = New Date(2003, 1, 1)
jbsch.ActiveStartDate = d
'Create the job schedule on the instance of SQL Agent.
jbsch.Create()

이 코드 예제는 단계와 일정이 포함된 작업을 만든 다음 운영자에게 알립니다.

{
            //Connect to the local, default instance of SQL Server.
            Server srv = new Server();

            //Define an Operator object variable by supplying the Agent (parent JobServer object) and the name in the constructor. 
            Operator op = new Operator(srv.JobServer, "Test_Operator");

            //Set the Net send address. 
            op.NetSendAddress = "Network1_PC";

            //Create the operator on the instance of SQL Server Agent. 
            op.Create();

            //Define a Job object variable by supplying the Agent and the name arguments in the constructor and setting properties. 
            Job jb = new Job(srv.JobServer, "Test_Job");

            //Specify which operator to inform and the completion action. 
            jb.OperatorToNetSend = "Test_Operator";
            jb.NetSendLevel = CompletionAction.Always;

            //Create the job on the instance of SQL Server Agent. 
            jb.Create();

            //Define a JobStep object variable by supplying the parent job and name arguments in the constructor. 
            JobStep jbstp = new JobStep(jb, "Test_Job_Step");
            jbstp.Command = "Test_StoredProc";
            jbstp.OnSuccessAction = StepCompletionAction.QuitWithSuccess;
            jbstp.OnFailAction = StepCompletionAction.QuitWithFailure;

            //Create the job step on the instance of SQL Agent. 
            jbstp.Create();

            //Define a JobSchedule object variable by supplying the parent job and name arguments in the constructor. 
           
            JobSchedule jbsch = new JobSchedule(jb, "Test_Job_Schedule");

            //Set properties to define the schedule frequency, and duration. 
            jbsch.FrequencyTypes = FrequencyTypes.Daily;
            jbsch.FrequencySubDayTypes = FrequencySubDayTypes.Minute;
            jbsch.FrequencySubDayInterval = 30;
            TimeSpan ts1 = new TimeSpan(9, 0, 0);
            jbsch.ActiveStartTimeOfDay = ts1;
            
            TimeSpan ts2 = new TimeSpan(17, 0, 0);
            jbsch.ActiveEndTimeOfDay = ts2;
            jbsch.FrequencyInterval = 1;
          
            System.DateTime d = new System.DateTime(2003, 1, 1);
            jbsch.ActiveStartDate = d;

            //Create the job schedule on the instance of SQL Agent. 
            jbsch.Create();
        }

이 코드 예제는 단계와 일정이 포함된 작업을 만든 다음 운영자에게 알립니다.

#Get a server object which corresponds to the default instance
$srv = New-Object -TypeName Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.SMO.Server

#Define an Operator object variable by supplying the Agent (parent JobServer object) and the name in the constructor.
$op = New-Object -TypeName Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.SMO.Agent.Operator -argumentlist $srv.JobServer, "Test_Operator"

#Set the Net send address.
$op.NetSendAddress = "Network1_PC"

#Create the operator on the instance of SQL Agent.
$op.Create()

#Define a Job object variable by supplying the Agent and the name arguments in the constructor and setting properties. 
$jb = New-Object -TypeName Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.SMO.Agent.Job -argumentlist $srv.JobServer, "Test_Job" 

#Specify which operator to inform and the completion action. 
$jb.OperatorToNetSend = "Test_Operator"; 
$jb.NetSendLevel = [Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.SMO.Agent.CompletionAction]::Always

#Create the job on the instance of SQL Server Agent. 
$jb.Create()

#Define a JobStep object variable by supplying the parent job and name arguments in the constructor. 
$jbstp = New-Object -TypeName Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.SMO.Agent.JobStep -argumentlist $jb, "Test_Job_Step" 
$jbstp.Command = "Test_StoredProc"; 
$jbstp.OnSuccessAction = [Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.SMO.Agent.StepCompletionAction]::QuitWithSuccess; 
$jbstp.OnFailAction =[Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.SMO.Agent.StepCompletionAction]::QuitWithFailure; 

#Create the job step on the instance of SQL Agent. 
$jbstp.Create(); 

#Define a JobSchedule object variable by supplying the parent job and name arguments in the constructor. 
$jbsch =  New-Object -TypeName Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.SMO.Agent.JobSchedule -argumentlist $jb, "Test_Job_Schedule" 

#Set properties to define the schedule frequency, and duration. 
$jbsch.FrequencyTypes =  [Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.SMO.Agent.FrequencyTypes]::Daily

$jbsch.FrequencySubDayTypes = [Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.SMO.Agent.FrequencySubDayTypes]::Minute
$jbsch.FrequencySubDayInterval = 30
$ts1 =  New-Object -TypeName TimeSpan -argumentlist 9, 0, 0
$jbsch.ActiveStartTimeOfDay = $ts1
$ts2 = New-Object -TypeName TimeSpan -argumentlist 17, 0, 0
$jbsch.ActiveEndTimeOfDay = $ts2
$jbsch.FrequencyInterval = 1
$jbsch.ActiveStartDate = "01/01/2003"

#Create the job schedule on the instance of SQL Agent. 
$jbsch.Create();

이 코드 예제는 성능 조건에 따라 트리거되는 경고를 만듭니다. 다음과 같은 특정 형식으로 조건을 제공해야 합니다.

ObjectName|CounterName|Instance|ComparisionOp|CompValue

경고 알림을 위해 운영자가 필요합니다. operator 가 Visual Basic 키워드이므로 Operator 형식을 대괄호로 묶어야 합니다.

'Connect to the local, default instance of SQL Server.
Dim srv As Server
srv = New Server
'Define an Alert object variable by supplying the SQL Agent and the name arguments in the constructor.
Dim al As Alert
al = New Alert(srv.JobServer, "Test_Alert")
'Specify the performance condition string to define the alert.
al.PerformanceCondition = "SQLServer:General Statistics|User Connections||>|3"
'Create the alert on the SQL Agent.
al.Create()
'Define an Operator object variable by supplying the SQL Agent and the name arguments in the constructor.
Dim op As [Operator]
op = New [Operator](srv.JobServer, "Test_Operator")
'Set the net send address.
op.NetSendAddress = "NetworkPC"
'Create the operator on the SQL Agent.
op.Create()
'Run the AddNotification method to specify the operator is notified when the alert is raised.
al.AddNotification("Test_Operator", NotifyMethods.NetSend)

이 코드 예제는 성능 조건에 따라 트리거되는 경고를 만듭니다. 다음과 같은 특정 형식으로 조건을 제공해야 합니다.

ObjectName|CounterName|Instance|ComparisionOp|CompValue

경고 알림을 위해 운영자가 필요합니다. operator 가 Visual C# 키워드이므로 Operator 형식을 대괄호로 묶어야 합니다.

{
             //Connect to the local, default instance of SQL Server. 
            Server srv = new Server();

            //Define an Alert object variable by supplying the SQL Server Agent and the name arguments in the constructor. 
            Alert al = new Alert(srv.JobServer, "Test_Alert");

            //Specify the performance condition string to define the alert. 
            al.PerformanceCondition = "SQLServer:General Statistics|User Connections||>|3";

            //Create the alert on the SQL Agent. 
            al.Create();

            //Define an Operator object variable by supplying the SQL Server Agent and the name arguments in the constructor. 
         
            Operator op = new Operator(srv.JobServer, "Test_Operator");
            //Set the net send address. 
            op.NetSendAddress = "NetworkPC";
            //Create the operator on the SQL Agent. 
            op.Create();
            //Run the AddNotification method to specify the operator is notified when the alert is raised. 
            al.AddNotification("Test_Operator", NotifyMethods.NetSend);
        }

이 코드 예제는 성능 조건에 따라 트리거되는 경고를 만듭니다. 다음과 같은 특정 형식으로 조건을 제공해야 합니다.

ObjectName|CounterName|Instance|ComparisionOp|CompValue

경고 알림을 위해 운영자가 필요합니다. operator 가 Visual C# 키워드이므로 Operator 형식을 대괄호로 묶어야 합니다.

#Get a server object which corresponds to the default instance
$srv = New-Object -TypeName Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.SMO.Server

#Define an Alert object variable by supplying the SQL Agent and the name arguments in the constructor.
$al = New-Object -TypeName Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.SMO.Agent.Alert -argumentlist $srv.JobServer, "Test_Alert"

#Specify the performance condition string to define the alert.
$al.PerformanceCondition = "SQLServer:General Statistics|User Connections||>|3"

#Create the alert on the SQL Agent.
$al.Create()

#Define an Operator object variable by supplying the Agent (parent JobServer object) and the name in the constructor.
$op = New-Object -TypeName Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.SMO.Agent.Operator -argumentlist $srv.JobServer, "Test_Operator"

#Set the Net send address.
$op.NetSendAddress = "Network1_PC"

#Create the operator on the instance of SQL Agent.
$op.Create()

#Run the AddNotification method to specify the operator is notified when the alert is raised.
$ns = [Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.SMO.Agent.NotifyMethods]::NetSend
$al.AddNotification("Test_Operator", $ns)

#Drop the alert and the operator
$al.Drop()
$op.Drop()

이 코드 예제는 ProxyAccount 개체의 AddSubSystem 메서드를 사용하여 지정된 하위 시스템에 사용자 액세스를 허용하는 방법을 보여 줍니다.

'Connect to the local, default instance of SQL Server.
Dim srv As Server
srv = New Server
'Declare a JobServer object variable and reference the SQL Agent.
Dim js As JobServer
js = srv.JobServer
'Define a Credential object variable by supplying the parent server and name arguments in the constructor.
Dim c As Credential
c = New Credential(srv, "Proxy_accnt")
'Set the identity to a valid login represented by the vIdentity string variable. 
'The sub system will run under this login.
c.Identity = vIdentity
'Create the credential on the instance of SQL Server.
c.Create()
'Define a ProxyAccount object variable by supplying the SQL Agent, the name, the credential, the description arguments in the constructor.
Dim pa As ProxyAccount
pa = New ProxyAccount(js, "Test_proxy", "Proxy_accnt", True, "Proxy account for users to run job steps in command shell.")
'Create the proxy account on the SQL Agent.
pa.Create()
'Add the login, represented by the vLogin string variable, to the proxy account. 
pa.AddLogin(vLogin)
'Add the CmdExec subsytem to the proxy account. 
pa.AddSubSystem(AgentSubSystem.CmdExec)
'Now users logged on as vLogin can run CmdExec job steps with the specified credentials.

이 코드 예제는 ProxyAccount 개체의 AddSubSystem 메서드를 사용하여 지정된 하위 시스템에 사용자 액세스를 허용하는 방법을 보여 줍니다.

//Connect to the local, default instance of SQL Server. 
{ 
Server srv = default(Server); 
srv = new Server(); 
//Declare a JobServer object variable and reference the SQL Server Agent. 
JobServer js = default(JobServer); 
js = srv.JobServer; 
//Define a Credential object variable by supplying the parent server and name arguments in the constructor. 
Credential c = default(Credential); 
c = new Credential(srv, "Proxy_accnt"); 
//Set the identity to a valid login represented by the vIdentity string variable. 
//The sub system will run under this login. 
c.Identity = vIdentity; 
//Create the credential on the instance of SQL Server. 
c.Create(); 
//Define a ProxyAccount object variable by supplying the SQL Server Agent, the name, the credential, the description arguments in the constructor. 
ProxyAccount pa = default(ProxyAccount); 
pa = new ProxyAccount(js, "Test_proxy", "Proxy_accnt", true, "Proxy account for users to run job steps in command shell."); 
//Create the proxy account on the SQL Agent. 
pa.Create(); 
//Add the login, represented by the vLogin string variable, to the proxy account. 
pa.AddLogin(vLogin); 
//Add the CmdExec subsytem to the proxy account. 
pa.AddSubSystem(AgentSubSystem.CmdExec); 
} 
//Now users logged on as vLogin can run CmdExec job steps with the specified credentials. 

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