OLE DB 매개 변수(SQL Server Compact)

Microsoft SQL Server Compact 4.0은 매개 변수를 포함하는 쿼리를 지원합니다. 매개 변수는 쿼리의 열 값 대신 사용될 수 있습니다.

ICommandWithParameters::GetParameterInfo 를 사용하면 명령의 매개 변수에 대한 정보(예: 데이터 형식)를 가져올 수 있습니다. 매개 변수는 ICommand::Execute를 호출하면 전달됩니다.

참고 참고

매개 변수의 데이터 형식을 변경하는 데 ICommandWithParameters::SetParameterInfo 메서드를 사용하면 안 됩니다. SetParameterInfo를 사용하여 매개 변수의 형식을 설정하더라도 SQL Server Compact 4.0의 쿼리 프로세서가 모든 변경 내용을 무시하고 올바른 형식을 최종 결정할 수 있습니다.

다음 예에서는 OLE DB를 사용하여 Shippers 테이블에 새 행을 삽입하는 메서드를 보여 줍니다. 32비트 플랫폼과 64비트 플랫폼 모두에서 이 예를 컴파일 및 실행할 수 있습니다. 자세한 내용은 Microsoft 웹 사이트에서 OLE DB Programmer's Guide의 OLE DB 64비트 정보 항목을 참조하십시오.

// Start the method to insert data using parameters.
// Declarations
HRESULT                  hr;
IDBInitialize *          pIDBInitialize    = NULL;
IDBProperties *          pIDBProperties    = NULL;
IDBCreateSession *       pIDBCrtSession    = NULL;
DBPROPSET                rgPropSets[1];
DBPROP                   rgProps[1];
ULONG                    iPropSet          = 0;
ULONG                    iProp             = 0;
ICommandText *           pICmdText         = NULL;
IDBCreateCommand *       pIDBCrtCmd        = NULL;
ICommandPrepare *        pICmdPrepare      = NULL;
ICommandWithParameters * pICmdWParams      = NULL;
IAccessor *              pIAcc             = NULL;
DB_UPARAMS               cParams;
DBPARAMINFO *            rgParamInfo       = NULL;
OLECHAR *                pNamesBuffer      = NULL;
DBCOUNTITEM              cBindings;
DBBINDING                rgBindings[3];
DBBYTEOFFSET             cbRowSize;
HACCESSOR                hAcc;
BYTE *                   pData             = NULL;
DBPARAMS                 params;
DBROWCOUNT               cRowsAffected;

// Specify the MyDB database as wzDbName.
WCHAR  wzDbName[]  = L"\\windows\\MyDB.sdf";
ULONG i;

// Initialize the property set values.and create the data source object.

for (i = 0; i < sizeof(rgProps)/sizeof(rgProps[0]); i++)
{
VariantInit(&rgProps[i].vValue);
}

hr = CoCreateInstance(CLSID_SQLSERVERCE, NULL, CLSCTX_INPROC_SERVER, 
IID_IDBInitialize, (LPVOID *) &pIDBInitialize);
if (FAILED(hr))
{
//Send an error-specific message and do error handling.
goto Exit;
}

iProp = 0;
rgProps[iProp].dwPropertyID   = DBPROP_INIT_DATASOURCE;
rgProps[iProp].dwOptions = DBPROPOPTIONS_REQUIRED;
rgProps[iProp].vValue.vt = VT_BSTR;
rgProps[iProp].vValue.bstrVal = SysAllocString(wzDbName);
if(!(rgProps[iProp].vValue.bstrVal))
{
hr = E_OUTOFMEMORY;
goto Exit; 
}
iProp++;

iPropSet = 0;
rgPropSets[iPropSet].rgProperties    = rgProps;
rgPropSets[iPropSet].cProperties     = iProp;
rgPropSets[iPropSet].guidPropertySet = DBPROPSET_DBINIT;
iPropSet++;

// Set the properties into the provider's data source object.
pIDBInitialize->QueryInterface(IID_IDBProperties,(void**)&pIDBProperties);

hr = pIDBProperties->SetProperties(sizeof(rgPropSets)/sizeof(rgPropSets[iPropSet]), 
rgPropSets);
if(FAILED(hr))
{
goto Exit;
}

// Create a session that supports commands.
hr = pIDBProperties->QueryInterface(IID_IDBCreateSession, (void **) 
&pIDBCrtSession);
if (FAILED(hr))
{
//Send an error-specific message and do error handling.
goto Exit;
}

hr = pIDBCrtSession->CreateSession(NULL, IID_IDBCreateCommand,
(IUnknown**) &pIDBCrtCmd);
if (FAILED(hr))
{
//Send an error-specific message and do error handling.
goto Exit;
}


// Create the new command that uses parameters.
hr = pIDBCrtCmd->CreateCommand(NULL, IID_ICommandWithParameters,
(IUnknown**) &pICmdWParams);
if (FAILED(hr))
{
//Send an error-specific message and do error handling.
goto Exit;
}

hr = pICmdWParams->QueryInterface(IID_ICommandText, (void**) &pICmdText);
if (FAILED(hr))
{
//Send an error-specific message and do error handling.
goto Exit;
}

hr = pICmdWParams->QueryInterface(IID_ICommandPrepare, (void**) &pICmdPrepare);
if (FAILED(hr))
{
//Send an error-specific message and do error handling.
goto Exit;
}

// Specify the command text using parameter markers in the query syntax.
hr = pICmdText->SetCommandText(DBGUID_DBSQL, L"INSERT INTO Shippers \
(ShipperID, CompanyName, Phone) VALUES (?, ?, ?)");
if (FAILED(hr))
{
//Send an error-specific message and do error handling.
goto Exit;
}

// Prepare the current command.
hr = pICmdPrepare->Prepare(1);
if (FAILED(hr))
{
//Send an error-specific message and do error handling.
goto Exit;
}

// Retrieving parameter information
hr = pICmdWParams->GetParameterInfo(&cParams, &rgParamInfo, &pNamesBuffer);
if (FAILED(hr))
{
//Send an error-specific message and do error handling.
goto Exit;
}

// Create the acessor object and column specific bindings.

hr = pICmdText->QueryInterface(IID_IAccessor, (void**) &pIAcc);
if (FAILED(hr))
{
//Send an error-specific message and do error handling.
goto Exit;
}

// Create the bindings for the three columns.
cBindings = 3;

rgBindings[0].iOrdinal = 1;
rgBindings[0].obStatus = 0;
rgBindings[0].obLength = rgBindings[0].obStatus + sizeof(DBSTATUS);
rgBindings[0].obValue = rgBindings[0].obLength + sizeof(DBLENGTH);
rgBindings[0].pTypeInfo = NULL;
rgBindings[0].pObject = NULL;
rgBindings[0].pBindExt = NULL;
rgBindings[0].dwPart = DBPART_VALUE | DBPART_LENGTH | DBPART_STATUS;
rgBindings[0].dwMemOwner = DBMEMOWNER_CLIENTOWNED;
rgBindings[0].eParamIO = DBPARAMIO_INPUT;
rgBindings[0].cbMaxLen = sizeof(int); //ShipperID is integer
rgBindings[0].dwFlags = 0;
rgBindings[0].wType = DBTYPE_I4;
rgBindings[0].bPrecision = 0;
rgBindings[0].bScale = 0;

rgBindings[1].iOrdinal = 2;
rgBindings[1].obStatus = rgBindings[0].obValue + rgBindings[0].cbMaxLen;
rgBindings[1].obLength = rgBindings[1].obStatus + sizeof(DBSTATUS);
rgBindings[1].obValue = rgBindings[1].obLength + sizeof(DBLENGTH);
rgBindings[1].pTypeInfo = NULL;
rgBindings[1].pObject = NULL;
rgBindings[1].pBindExt = NULL;
rgBindings[1].dwPart = DBPART_VALUE | DBPART_LENGTH | DBPART_STATUS;
rgBindings[1].dwMemOwner = DBMEMOWNER_CLIENTOWNED;
rgBindings[1].eParamIO = DBPARAMIO_INPUT;
rgBindings[1].cbMaxLen = 40 * sizeof(WCHAR); //CompanyName is nvarchar(40)
rgBindings[1].dwFlags = 0;
rgBindings[1].wType = DBTYPE_WSTR;
rgBindings[1].bPrecision = 0;
rgBindings[1].bScale = 0;

rgBindings[2].iOrdinal = 3;
rgBindings[2].obStatus = rgBindings[1].obValue + rgBindings[1].cbMaxLen;
rgBindings[2].obLength = rgBindings[2].obStatus + sizeof(DBSTATUS);
rgBindings[2].obValue = rgBindings[2].obLength + sizeof(DBLENGTH);
rgBindings[2].pTypeInfo = NULL;
rgBindings[2].pObject = NULL;
rgBindings[2].pBindExt = NULL;
rgBindings[2].dwPart = DBPART_VALUE | DBPART_LENGTH | DBPART_STATUS;
rgBindings[2].dwMemOwner = DBMEMOWNER_CLIENTOWNED;
rgBindings[2].eParamIO = DBPARAMIO_INPUT;
rgBindings[2].cbMaxLen = 24 * sizeof(WCHAR); //Phone is nvarchar(24)
rgBindings[2].dwFlags = 0;
rgBindings[2].wType = DBTYPE_WSTR;
rgBindings[2].bPrecision = 0;
rgBindings[2].bScale = 0;

// Calculate the total memory needed for the input buffer.
cbRowSize = rgBindings[2].obValue + rgBindings[2].cbMaxLen;


// Create the accessor for the parameter data. 
hr = pIAcc->CreateAccessor(DBACCESSOR_PARAMETERDATA, cBindings,
rgBindings, cbRowSize, &hAcc, NULL);
if (FAILED(hr))
{
//Send an error-specific message and do error handling.
goto Exit;
}

// Allocate memory for the parameter data.
pData = (BYTE*) malloc(cbRowSize);
if(!(pData))
{
hr = E_OUTOFMEMORY;
goto Exit; 
}

//Clear out the buffer.
memset(pData, 0, cbRowSize);
 
// Define the insert data for the parameters.
// Shipper ID
* (DBSTATUS*) (pData + rgBindings[0].obStatus) = DBSTATUS_S_OK;
* (int*)   (pData + rgBindings[0].obValue)  = 1;
* (DBLENGTH*)   (pData + rgBindings[0].obLength) = sizeof(int);

// CompanyName
* (DBSTATUS*) (pData + rgBindings[1].obStatus) = DBSTATUS_S_OK;
wcscpy((WCHAR*) (pData + rgBindings[1].obValue), L"Federal Express");
* (DBLENGTH*)   (pData + rgBindings[1].obLength)  = wcslen(L"Federal Express") * sizeof(WCHAR);

// Phone
* (DBSTATUS*) (pData + rgBindings[2].obStatus) = DBSTATUS_S_OK;
wcscpy((WCHAR*) (pData + rgBindings[2].obValue), L"1-800-555-1212");
* (DBLENGTH*)   (pData + rgBindings[2].obLength)  = wcslen(L"1-800-555-1212") * sizeof(WCHAR);

// Define the DBPARAMS structure.
params.pData = pData;
params.cParamSets = 1;
params.hAccessor = hAcc;

// Execute the command with paramters.
hr = pICmdText->Execute(NULL, IID_NULL, &params, &cRowsAffected, NULL);

// Error handling for the command
if (FAILED(hr) || (1 != cRowsAffected))
{
MessageBox(NULL,L"An error occurred",L"error",MB_OK);
}

Exit:

// Clean up resources.

free(pData);
CoTaskMemFree(rgParamInfo);
CoTaskMemFree(pNamesBuffer);

if(pIAcc)   pIAcc->Release();
if(pIDBProperties) pIDBProperties->Release();
if(pIDBCrtSession) pIDBCrtSession->Release();
if(pICmdPrepare) pICmdPrepare->Release();
if(pICmdWParams) pICmdWParams->Release();
if(pICmdText)  pICmdText->Release();
if(pIDBCrtCmd)  pIDBCrtCmd->Release();

for(i = 0; i < sizeof(rgProps)/sizeof(rgProps[0]); i++)
{
VariantClear(&rgProps[i].vValue);
}

return;
표시: