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Installing Components with Server Manager

Server Manager is the primary tool you'll use to manage roles, role services, and features. Not only can you use Server Manager to add or remove roles, role services, and features, but you can also use Server Manager to view the configuration details and status for these software components.

Viewing Configured Roles and Role Services

When you select Roles in the left pane, Server Manager lists roles you've installed. The main view of the Roles node displays a Roles Summary entry that lists the number and names of roles installed. In the case of error-related events for a particular server role, Server Manager displays a warning icon to the left of the role name.

In the Roles window, the name of a role is a clickable link that accesses the related role details, as shown in Figure 7-1. The role details provide the following information:

  • Summary information about the status of related system services. If applicable, Server Manager lists the number of related services that are running or stopped, such as "System Services: 9 Running, 1 Stopped." You can manage a service by selecting it and then clicking Stop, Start, or Restart. In many cases, if a service isn't running as you think it should, you can click Restart to resolve the issue by stopping and then starting the service.
  • Summary information about events the related services and components have generated in the last 24 hours, including details on whether any errors have occurred, such as "Events: 31 warning(s), 191 informational in the last 24 hours." If you select an event and then click View Properties, you can get detailed information about the event.
  • Summary information about the role services installed, including the number of role services installed and the status (Installed or Not Installed) of each individual role service that you can use with the role.

You can refresh the details manually by selecting Refresh on the Action menu. If you want to set a different default refresh interval, click Configure Refresh at the bottom of the main pane, use the options provided to set a new refresh interval, and then click OK. Otherwise, Server Manager refreshes the details periodically for you.

Dd184078.figure_C07624382_1(en-us,TechNet.10).png

Figure 7-1 View the status details for installed roles.

Managing Server Roles

When you select Roles in Server Manager, the Roles Summary pane provides details on the current roles that you've installed. In the Roles Summary section, you'll find options for adding and removing roles. Keep in mind that some roles cannot be added at the same time as other roles, and you'll have to install each role separately. Other roles cannot be combined with existing roles, and you'll see warning prompts about this.

Adding a Server Role

You can add a server role by following these steps:

  1. In Server Manager, select Roles in the left pane and then click Add Roles. This starts the Add Roles Wizard. If the wizard displays the Before You Begin page, read the introductory text and then click Next. You can avoid seeing the Before You Begin page the next time you start this wizard by selecting the Skip This Page By Default check box before clicking Next.
  2. On the Select Server Roles page, select the check box for the role or roles to install (see Figure 7-2).

    Dd184078.figure_C07624382_2(en-us,TechNet.10).png

    Figure 7-2 Select the roles to install.

    Note Adding the Active Directory Domain Services role does not configure the server as a domain controller. To configure the server as a domain controller, you must run Dcpromo.exe as discussed in Chapter 33, "Implementing Active Directory." Additionally, if you plan to have a domain controller also act as a DNS server, Microsoft recommends that you install the Active Directory Domain Services role and then use Dcpromo to configure the server as a DNS server and domain controller. A server running a core server installation can act as a domain controller and can also hold any of the Flexible Single Master Operations (FSMO) roles for Active Directory.



  3. If additional features are required to install a role, as shown in Figure 7-3, you'll then see the Add Features Required For dialog box. Click Add Required Features to close the dialog box and add the required components to the server installation. Click Next twice to continue.

    Note Occasionally, you'll need to install additional role services to install a role or role service. The procedure is similar to installing additional features. If so, you'll see an Add Role Services Required For dialog box. Click Add Required Role Services to close the dialog box and add the required components to the server installation.



    Dd184078.figure_C07624382_3(en-us,TechNet.10).png

    Figure 7-3 Confirm that required features can also be installed.

  4. For each of the roles you are adding, you'll see a series of related pages that let you configure the associated role services as well as any other required configuration details. When selecting or clearing role services, keep the following in mind before you click Next to continue:
    • If you select a role service with additional required features or role services, you'll see a dialog box listing the additional required features or roles. After you review the required feature or roles, accept the additions and close the dialog box. If you click Cancel instead, the Add Roles Wizard will clear the role service you previously selected.
    • If you try to remove a role service that is required based on a previous role service, you'll see a warning prompt about dependent services that the Add Roles Wizard must also remove. In most cases, you'll want to click Cancel to preserve the previous selection. If you click the Remove Dependent Role Services button, the Add Roles Wizard will also remove the previously selected dependent services, which could cause the server to not function as expected.
  5. On the Confirm Installation Selections page, click the Print, E-Mail, Or Save This Information link to generate an installation report and display it in Internet Explorer. You can then use standard Internet Explorer features to print or save the report. After you've reviewed the installation options and saved them as necessary, click Install to begin the installation process.
  6. When the Add Roles Wizard finishes installing the server with the features you've selected, you'll see the Installation Results page. Review the installation details to ensure that all phases of the installation completed successfully. If any portion of the installation failed, note the reason for the failure and then use these troubleshooting techniques:
    • Click the Print, E-Mail, Or Save The Installation Report link to create or update the installation report and display it in Internet Explorer.
    • Scroll down to the bottom of the installation report in Internet Explorer and then click Full Log (Troubleshooting Only) to display the Server Manager log in Notepad.
    • In Notepad, press Ctrl+F, enter the current date in the appropriate format for your language settings (such as 2009-08-30), and then click Find Next. Notepad will then move through the log to the first entry for the current date.
    • Review the Server Manager entries for installation problems and take corrective actions as appropriate.

Note In some cases, you might need to restart the server before installation or removal of a role, role service, or feature can be completed. In this case, you'll be prompted to restart the server when the Add Roles Wizard finishes. When you restart the server and log on, Server Manager will complete the installation or removal process.



Removing a Server Role

You can remove a server role by following these steps:

  1. In Server Manager, select Roles in the left pane and then click Remove Roles. This starts the Remove Roles Wizard. If the wizard displays the Before You Begin page, read the introductory text and then click Next. You can avoid seeing the Before You Begin page the next time you start this wizard by selecting the Skip This Page By Default check box before clicking Next.
  2. On the Remove Server Roles page, the wizard selects the currently installed roles as shown in Figure 7-4. Clear the check box for the role you want to remove and then click Next.

    Dd184078.figure_C07624382_4(en-us,TechNet.10).png

    Figure 7-4 Clear selected roles to remove them.

  3. If you try to remove a role that another role depends on, as shown in Figure 7--5, you'll see a warning prompt stating that you cannot remove the role unless you also remove the other role as well. If you click the Remove Dependent Role Services button, the Remove Roles Wizard will remove both roles.

    Dd184078.figure_C07624382_5(en-us,TechNet.10).png

    Figure 7-5 Confirm that dependent roles can also be removed.

  4. On the Confirm Removal Selections page, review the related role services that the Remove Roles Wizard will remove based on your previous selections and then click Remove.
  5. When the Remove Roles Wizard finishes modifying the server configuration, you'll see the Removal Results page. Review the modification details to ensure that all phases of the removal process completed successfully. If any portion of the removal process failed, note the reason for the failure and then use the previously discussed troubleshooting techniques to help resolve the problem.

Managing Role Services

In Server Manager, you can view the role services configured for a role by selecting Roles in the left pane and then scrolling down to the details section for the role that you want to work with. In the details section, you'll find a list of role services that you can install as well as their current Installed or Not Installed status. You can manage role services for servers by clicking Add Role Services or Remove Role Services for the related role details entry. Some roles, however, do not have individual role services that you can manage in this way. With these roles, you can modify the server role or remove the role only.

Adding a Role Service

You can add role services by following these steps:

  1. In Server Manager, select Roles in the left pane and then scroll down until you see the details section for the role you want to manage. In the details section for the role, click Add Role Services. This starts the Add Role Services wizard.
  2. On the Select Role Services page, the wizard dims the currently installed role services so that you cannot select the associated check box (see Figure 7-6). To add a role service, select its check box in the Role Services list. When you are finished selecting role services to add, click Next and then click Install.

    Dd184078.figure_C07624382_6(en-us,TechNet.10).png

    Figure 7-6 Select the role services to add.

Removing a Role Service

You can remove role services by following these steps:

  1. In Server Manager, select Roles in the left pane and then scroll down until you see the details section for the role you want to manage. In the details section for the role, click Remove Role Services. This starts the Remove Role Services wizard.
  2. On the Select Role Services page, the wizard selects the currently installed role services as shown in Figure 7-7. To remove a role service, clear the related check box. If you try to remove a role service that another role service depends on, you'll see a warning prompt stating that you cannot remove the role service unless you also remove the other role service as well. If you click the Remove Dependent Role Service button, the Remove Role Services wizard will remove both role services.
  3. When you are finished selecting role services to remove, click Next and then click Remove.

    Dd184078.figure_C07624382_7(en-us,TechNet.10).png

    Figure 7-7 Clear selected role services to remove them.

Managing Windows Features

In earlier versions of Windows, you used the Add/Remove Windows Components option of the Add Or Remove Programs utility to add or remove operating system components. In Windows Server 2008, you configure operating system components as Windows features that you can turn on or off rather than add or remove.

Adding a Feature

You can add server features by following these steps:

  1. In Server Manager, select Features in the left pane and then click Add Features. This starts the Add Features Wizard. If the wizard displays the Before You Begin page, read the introductory text and then click Next. You can avoid seeing the Before You Begin page the next time you start this wizard by selecting the Skip This Page By Default check box before clicking Next.
  2. On the Select Features page, select the check boxes for the feature or features to install as shown in Figure 7-8. If additional features are required to install a feature, you'll then see the Add Features Required For dialog box. Click Add Required Features to close the dialog box and add the required components to the server installation.

    Dd184078.figure_C07624382_8(en-us,TechNet.10).png

    Figure 7-8 Select the features to add.

  3. When you are finished selecting features to add, click Next and then click Install.

Removing a Feature

You can remove server features by following these steps:

  1. In Server Manager, select Features in the left pane and then click Remove Features. This starts the Remove Features Wizard. If the wizard displays the Before You Begin page, read the introductory text and then click Next. You can avoid seeing the Before You Begin page the next time you start this wizard by selecting the Skip This Page By Default check box before clicking Next.
  2. On the Select Features page, the Remove Features Wizard selects the currently installed features as shown in Figure 7-9. To remove a feature, clear the related check box. If you try to remove a feature that another feature depends on, you'll see a warning prompt stating that you cannot remove the feature unless you also remove the other feature as well. If you click the Remove Dependent Feature button, the Remove Features Wizard will remove both features.

    Dd184078.figure_C07624382_9(en-us,TechNet.10).png

    Figure 7-9 Clear the check boxes for selected features to remove them.

  3. When you are finished selecting features to remove, click Next and then click Remove.

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