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Get-Service

Updated: August 9, 2015

Get-Service

Gets the services on a local or remote computer.

Aliases

The following abbreviations are aliases for this cmdlet: 

  • gsv

Syntax

Parameter Set: Default
Get-Service [[-Name] <String[]> ] [-ComputerName <String[]> ] [-DependentServices] [-Exclude <String[]> ] [-Include <String[]> ] [-RequiredServices] [ <CommonParameters>]

Parameter Set: DisplayName
Get-Service -DisplayName <String[]> [-ComputerName <String[]> ] [-DependentServices] [-Exclude <String[]> ] [-Include <String[]> ] [-RequiredServices] [ <CommonParameters>]

Parameter Set: InputObject
Get-Service [-ComputerName <String[]> ] [-DependentServices] [-Exclude <String[]> ] [-Include <String[]> ] [-InputObject <ServiceController[]> ] [-RequiredServices] [ <CommonParameters>]




Detailed Description

The Get-Service cmdlet gets objects that represent the services on a local computer or on a remote computer, including running and stopped services.

You can direct this cmdlet to get only particular services by specifying the service name or display name of the services, or you can pipe service objects to this cmdlet.

Parameters

-ComputerName<String[]>

Gets the services running on the specified computers. The default is the local computer.

Type the NetBIOS name, an IP address, or a fully qualified domain name (FQDN) of a remote computer. To specify the local computer, type the computer name, a dot (.), or localhost.

This parameter does not rely on Windows PowerShell remoting. You can use the ComputerName parameter of Get-Service even if your computer is not configured to run remote commands.


Aliases

Cn

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

true (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-DependentServices

Indicates that this cmdlet gets only the services that depend upon the specified service.

By default, this cmdlet gets all services.


Aliases

DS

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-DisplayName<String[]>

Specifies, as a string array, the display names of services to be retrieved. Wildcards are permitted. By default, this cmdlet gets all services on the computer.


Aliases

none

Required?

true

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Exclude<String[]>

Specifies, as a string array, a service or services that this cmdlet excludes from the operation. The value of this parameter qualifies the Name parameter. Enter a name element or pattern, such as "s*". Wildcards are permitted.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Include<String[]>

Specifies, as a string array, a service or services that this cmdlet includes in the operation. The value of this parameter qualifies the Name parameter. Enter a name element or pattern, such as "s*". Wildcards are permitted.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-InputObject<ServiceController[]>

Specifies ServiceController objects representing the services to be retrieved. Enter a variable that contains the objects, or type a command or expression that gets the objects. You can also pipe a service object to this cmdlet.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

true (ByValue)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Name<String[]>

Specifies the service names of services to be retrieved. Wildcards are permitted. By default, this cmdlet gets all of the services on the computer.


Aliases

ServiceName

Required?

false

Position?

1

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

true(ByValue,ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-RequiredServices

Indicates that this cmdlet gets only the services that this service requires.

This parameter gets the value of the ServicesDependedOn property of the service. By default, this cmdlet gets all services.


Aliases

SDO,ServicesDependedOn

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

<CommonParameters>

This cmdlet supports the common parameters: -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable, -InformationAction, -InformationVariable, -OutVariable, -OutBuffer, -PipelineVariable, -Verbose, -WarningAction, and -WarningVariable. For more information, see    about_CommonParameters.

Inputs

The input type is the type of the objects that you can pipe to the cmdlet.

  • System.ServiceProcess.ServiceController, System.String

    You can pipe a service object or a service name to this cmdlet.


Outputs

The output type is the type of the objects that the cmdlet emits.

  • System.ServiceProcess.ServiceController

    This cmdlet returns objects that represent the services on the computer.


Notes

  • You can also refer to Get-Service by its built-in alias, "gsv". For more information, see about_Aliases.

    This cmdlet can display services only when the current user has permission to see them. If this cmdlet does not display services, you might not have permission to see them.

    To find the service name and display name of each service on your system, type Get-Service. The service names appear in the Name column, and the display names appear in the DisplayName column.

    When you sort in ascending order by status value, "Stopped" services appear before "Running" services. The Status property of a service is an enumerated value in which the names of the statuses represent integer values. The sort is based on the integer value, not the name. "Running" appears before "Stopped" because "Stopped" has a value of "1", and "Running" has a value of "4".

Examples

Example 1: Get all services on the computer

This command gets all of the services on the computer. It behaves as though you typed Get-Service *. The default display shows the status, service name, and display name of each service.


PS C:\> Get-Service

Example 2: Get services that begin with a search string

This command retrieves services with service names that begin with WMI (the acronym for Windows Management Instrumentation).


PS C:\> Get-Service "wmi*"

Example 3: Display services that include a search string

This command displays services with a display name that includes the word network. Searching the display name finds network-related services even when the service name does not include "Net", such as xmlprov, the Network Provisioning Service.


PS C:\> Get-Service -Displayname "*network*"

Example 4: Get services that begin with a search string and an exclusion

These commands get only the services with service names that begin with win, except for the WinRM service.


PS C:\> Get-Service -Name "win*" -Exclude "WinRM"

Example 5: Display services that are currently active

This command displays only the services that are currently active. It uses the Get-Service cmdlet to get all of the services on the computer. The pipeline operator (|) passes the results to the Where-Object cmdlet, which selects only the services with a Status property that equals Running.

Status is only one property of service objects. To see all of the properties, type Get-Service | Get-Member.


PS C:\> Get-Service | Where-Object {$_.Status -eq "Running"}

Example 6: Get the services on a remote computer

This command gets the services on the Server02 remote computer.

Because the ComputerName parameter of Get-Service does not use Windows PowerShell remoting, you can use this parameter even if the computer is not configured for remoting in Windows PowerShell.


PS C:\> Get-Service -ComputerName "Server02"

Example 7: List the services on the local computer that have dependent services

This example lists the services on the computer that have dependent services.

The first command uses the Get-Service cmdlet to get the services on the computer. A pipeline operator (|) sends the services to the Where-Object cmdlet, which selects the services whose DependentServices property is not null.

Another pipeline operator sends the results to the Format-List cmdlet. The command uses its Property parameter to display the name of the service, the name of the dependent services, and a calculated property that displays the number of dependent services that each service has.


PS C:\> Get-Service | Where-Object {$_.DependentServices} | Format-List -Property Name, DependentServices, @{Label="NoOfDependentServices"; Expression={$_.dependentservices.count}}








Example 8: Sort services by property value

This command shows that when you sort services in ascending order by the value of their Status property, stopped services appear before running services. This happens because the value of Status is an enumeration, in which Stopped has a value of 1, and Running has a value of 4.

To list running services first, use the Descending parameter of the Sort-Object cmdlet.


PS C:\> Get-Service "s*" | Sort-Object status

Status   Name               DisplayName
------   ----               -----------
Stopped  stisvc             Windows Image Acquisition (WIA)
Stopped  SwPrv              MS Software Shadow Copy Provider
Stopped  SysmonLog          Performance Logs and Alerts
Running  Spooler            Print Spooler
Running  srservice          System Restore Service
Running  SSDPSRV            SSDP Discovery Service
Running  ShellHWDetection   Shell Hardware Detection
Running  Schedule           Task Scheduler
Running  SCardSvr           Smart Card
Running  SamSs              Security Accounts Manager
Running  SharedAccess       Windows Firewall/Internet Connectio...
Running  SENS               System Event Notification
Running  seclogon           Secondary Logon

PS C:\>Get-Service "s*" | Sort-Object status -Descending

Status   Name               DisplayName
------   ----               -----------
Running  ShellHWDetection   Shell Hardware Detection
Running  SharedAccess       Windows Firewall/Internet Connectio...
Running  Spooler            Print Spooler
Running  SSDPSRV            SSDP Discovery Service
Running  srservice          System Restore Service
Running  SCardSvr           Smart Card
Running  SamSs              Security Accounts Manager
Running  Schedule           Task Scheduler
Running  SENS               System Event Notification
Running  seclogon           Secondary Logon
Stopped  SysmonLog          Performance Logs and Alerts
Stopped  SwPrv              MS Software Shadow Copy Provider
Stopped  stisvc             Windows Image Acquisition (WIA)

Example 9: Get services on multiple computers

This command uses the Get-Service cmdlet to run a Get-Service Winrm command on two remote computers and the local computer ("localhost").

The command runs on the remote computers, and the results are returned to the local computer. A pipeline operator (|) sends the results to the Format-Table cmdlet, which formats the services as a table. The Format-Table command uses the Property parameter to specify the properties displayed in the table, including the MachineName property.


PS C:\> Get-Service -Name "WinRM" -ComputerName "localhost", "Server01", "Server02" | Format-Table -Property MachineName, Status, Name, DisplayName -auto






Example 10: Get the dependent services of a service

This command gets the services that the WinRM service requires.

The command returns the value of the ServicesDependedOn property of the service.


PS C:\> Get-Service "WinRM" -RequiredServices

Example 11: Get a service through the pipeline operator

This command gets the WinRM service on the local computer. This example shows that you can pipe a service name string (enclosed in quotation marks) to Get-Service.


PS C:\> "WinRM" | Get-Service

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