Microsoft Security Bulletin MS15-074 - Important

Vulnerability in Windows Installer Service Could Allow Elevation of Privilege (3072630)

Published: July 14, 2015 | Updated: July 29, 2015

Version: 2.0

This security update resolves a vulnerability in Microsoft Windows. The vulnerability could allow elevation of privilege if the Windows Installer service improperly runs custom action scripts. An attacker must first compromise a user who is logged on to the target system to exploit the vulnerability. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full administrative rights.

This security update is rated Important for all supported editions of Microsoft Windows. For more information, see the Affected Software section.

The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how custom action scripts are executed. For more information about the vulnerability, see the Vulnerability Information section.

For more information about this update, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 3072630.

The following software versions or editions are affected. Versions or editions that are not listed are either past their support life cycle or are not affected. To determine the support life cycle for your software version or edition, see Microsoft Support Lifecycle.

Operating System

Maximum Security Impact

Aggregate Severity Rating

Updates Replaced*

Windows Server 2003

Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2 [1]
(3072630)

Elevation of Privilege

Important

2918614 in MS14-049

Windows Server 2003 x64 Edition Service Pack 2 [1]
(3072630)

Elevation of Privilege

Important

2918614 in MS14-049

Windows Server 2003 with SP2 for Itanium-based Systems [1]
(3072630)

Elevation of Privilege

Important

2918614 in MS14-049

Windows Server 2003 R2 Service Pack 2 [1]
(3072630)

Elevation of Privilege

Important

2918614 in MS14-049

Windows Server 2003 R2 x64 Edition Service Pack 2 [1]
(3072630)

Elevation of Privilege

Important

2918614 in MS14-049

Windows Vista

Windows Vista Service Pack 2
(3072630)

Elevation of Privilege

Important

2918614 in MS14-049

Windows Vista x64 Edition Service Pack 2
(3072630)

Elevation of Privilege

Important

2918614 in MS14-049

Windows Server 2008

Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2
(3072630)

Elevation of Privilege

Important

2918614 in MS14-049

Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2
(3072630)

Elevation of Privilege

Important

2918614 in MS14-049

Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-based Systems Service Pack 2
(3072630)

Elevation of Privilege

Important

2918614 in MS14-049

Windows 7

Windows 7 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 1
(3072630)

Elevation of Privilege

Important

2918614 in MS14-049

Windows 7 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1
(3072630)

Elevation of Privilege

Important

2918614 in MS14-049

Windows Server 2008 R2

Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1
(3072630)

Elevation of Privilege

Important

2918614 in MS14-049

Windows Server 2008 R2 for Itanium-based Systems Service Pack 1
(3072630)

Elevation of Privilege

Important

2918614 in MS14-049

Windows 8 and Windows 8.1

Windows 8 for 32-bit Systems
(3072630)

Elevation of Privilege

Important

2918614 in MS14-049

Windows 8 for x64-based Systems
(3072630)

Elevation of Privilege

Important

2918614 in MS14-049

Windows 8.1 for 32-bit Systems
(3072630)

Elevation of Privilege

Important

2918614 in MS14-049

Windows 8.1 for x64-based Systems
(3072630)

Elevation of Privilege

Important

2918614 in MS14-049

Windows Server 2012 and Windows Server 2012 R2

Windows Server 2012
(3072630)

Elevation of Privilege

Important

2918614 in MS14-049

Windows Server 2012 R2
(3072630)

Elevation of Privilege

Important

2918614 in MS14-049

Windows RT and Windows RT 8.1

Windows RT[2]
(3072630)

Elevation of Privilege

Important

2918614 in MS14-049

Windows RT 8.1[2]
(3072630)

Elevation of Privilege

Important

2918614 in MS14-049

Windows 10

Windows 10 for 32-bit Systems[2]
(3074683)

Elevation of Privilege

Important

None

Windows 10 for x64-based Systems[2]
(3074683)

Elevation of Privilege

Important

None

Server Core installation option

Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2 (Server Core installation)
(3072630)

Elevation of Privilege

Important

2918614 in MS14-049

Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2 (Server Core installation)
(3072630)

Elevation of Privilege

Important

2918614 in MS14-049

Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1 (Server Core installation)
(3072630)

Elevation of Privilege

Important

2918614 in MS14-049

Windows Server 2012 (Server Core installation)
(3072630)

Elevation of Privilege

Important

2918614 in MS14-049

Windows Server 2012 R2 (Server Core installation)
(3072630)

Elevation of Privilege

Important

2918614 in MS14-049

[1]This update is for systems that have the 3072630 update installed. See the Update FAQ for more information.

[2]This update is available via Windows Update only.

*The Updates Replaced column shows only the latest update in a chain of superseded updates. For a comprehensive list of updates replaced, go to the Microsoft Update Catalog, search for the update KB number, and then view update details (updates replaced information is on the Package Details tab).

FAQ

I am running Windows Server 2003 and install updates manually. Are there any prerequisites for installing the 3072630 update?
Yes. Customers who are running Windows Server 2003 and who install updates manually must install Windows Installer 4.5 before installing the 3072630 update. Windows Installer 4.5 will be installed automatically for customers who have automatic updating enabled. For more information about the prerequisite Installer update, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 942288.

The following severity ratings assume the potential maximum impact of the vulnerability. For information regarding the likelihood, within 30 days of this security bulletin's release, of the exploitability of the vulnerability in relation to its severity rating and security impact, please see the Exploitability Index in the July bulletin summary.

Vulnerability Severity Rating and Maximum Security Impact by Affected Software

Affected Software

Windows Installer EoP Vulnerability - CVE-2015-2371

Aggregate Severity Rating

Windows Server 2003

Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2
(3072630)

Important 
Elevation of Privilege

Important

Windows Server 2003 R2 Service Pack 2
(3072630)

Important 
Elevation of Privilege

Important

Windows Server 2003 x64 Edition Service Pack 2
(3072630)

Important 
Elevation of Privilege

Important

Windows Server 2003 R2 x64 Edition Service Pack 2
(3072630)

Important 
Elevation of Privilege

Important

Windows Server 2003 with SP2 for Itanium-based Systems
(3072630)

Important 
Elevation of Privilege

Important

Windows Vista

Windows Vista Service Pack 2
(3072630)

Important 
Elevation of Privilege

Important

Windows Vista x64 Edition Service Pack 2
(3072630)

Important 
Elevation of Privilege

Important

Windows Server 2008

Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2
(3072630)

Important 
Elevation of Privilege

Important

Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2
(3072630)

Important 
Elevation of Privilege

Important

Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-based Systems Service Pack 2
(3072630)

Important 
Elevation of Privilege

Important

Windows 7

Windows 7 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 1
(3072630)

Important 
Elevation of Privilege

Important

Windows 7 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1
(3072630)

Important 
Elevation of Privilege

Important

Windows Server 2008 R2

Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1
(3072630)

Important 
Elevation of Privilege

Important

Windows Server 2008 R2 for Itanium-based Systems Service Pack 1
(3072630)

Important 
Elevation of Privilege

Important

Windows 8 and Windows 8.1

Windows 8 for 32-bit Systems
(3072630)

Important 
Elevation of Privilege

Important

Windows 8 for x64-based Systems
(3072630)

Important 
Elevation of Privilege

Important

Windows 8.1 for 32-bit Systems
(3072630)

Important 
Elevation of Privilege

Important

Windows 8.1 for x64-based Systems
(3072630)

Important 
Elevation of Privilege

Important

Windows Server 2012 and Windows Server 2012 R2

Windows Server 2012
(3072630)

Important 
Elevation of Privilege

Important

Windows Server 2012 R2
(3072630)

Important 
Elevation of Privilege

Important

Windows RT and Windows RT 8.1

Windows RT
(3072630)

Important 
Elevation of Privilege

Important

Windows RT 8.1
(3072630)

Important 
Elevation of Privilege

Important

Windows 10

Windows 10 for 32-bit Systems
(3074683)

Important 
Elevation of Privilege

Important

Windows 10 for x64-based Systems
(3074683)

Important 
Elevation of Privilege

Important

Server Core installation option

Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2 (Server Core installation)
(3072630)

Important 
Elevation of Privilege

Important

Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2 (Server Core installation)
(3072630)

Important 
Elevation of Privilege

Important

Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1 (Server Core installation)
(3072630)

Important 
Elevation of Privilege

Important

Windows Server 2012 (Server Core installation)
(3072630)

Important 
Elevation of Privilege

Important

Windows Server 2012 R2 (Server Core installation)
(3072630)

Important 
Elevation of Privilege

Important

Windows Installer EoP Vulnerability - CVE-2015-2371

An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in some cases in the Windows Installer service when it improperly runs custom action scripts. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could elevate privileges on a targeted system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full administrative rights.

To exploit the vulnerability, an attacker must first compromise a user who is logged on to the target system, then find a vulnerable .msi package that is installed on the target system and, finally, place specially crafted code on the target system that the vulnerable .msi package can execute.

Microsoft received information about this vulnerability through coordinated vulnerability disclosure. When this security bulletin was issued, Microsoft had not received any information to indicate that this vulnerability had been publicly used to attack customers.

Mitigating Factors

Microsoft has not identified any mitigating factors for this vulnerability.

Workarounds

Microsoft has not identified any workarounds for this vulnerability.

For Security Update Deployment information, see the Microsoft Knowledge Base article referenced here in the Executive Summary.

Microsoft recognizes the efforts of those in the security community who help us protect customers through coordinated vulnerability disclosure. See Acknowledgments for more information.

The information provided in the Microsoft Knowledge Base is provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Microsoft disclaims all warranties, either express or implied, including the warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. In no event shall Microsoft Corporation or its suppliers be liable for any damages whatsoever including direct, indirect, incidental, consequential, loss of business profits or special damages, even if Microsoft Corporation or its suppliers have been advised of the possibility of such damages. Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of liability for consequential or incidental damages so the foregoing limitation may not apply.

  • V1.0 (July 14, 2015): Bulletin published.
  • V2.0 (July 29, 2015): Bulletin rereleased to announce the availability of an update package for Windows 10 systems. Customers running Windows 10 should apply the 3074683 update to be protected from the vulnerability discussed in this bulletin. The update is available via Windows Update only. The majority of customers have automatic updating enabled and will not need to take any action because the update will be downloaded and installed automatically.

Page generated 2015-07-27 15:18Z-07:00.
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