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Microsoft Security Bulletin MS05-021 - Critical

Vulnerability in Exchange Server Could Allow Remote Code Execution (894549)

Published: April 12, 2005 | Updated: April 14, 2005

Version: 1.1

Summary

Who should read this document: Customers who use Microsoft Exchange Server

Impact of Vulnerability: Remote Code Execution

Maximum Severity Rating: Critical

Recommendation: Customers should apply the update immediately.

Security Update Replacement: This bulletin replaces a prior security update. See the frequently asked questions (FAQ) section of this bulletin for the complete list.

Caveats: The security update for Exchange 2000 Server Service Pack 3 requires, as a prerequisite, the Exchange 2000 Server Post-Service Pack 3 (SP3) Update Rollup. You must install the Update Rollup for Exchange 2000 (KB870540) before you install the security update that is provided in this security bulletin. This security update will detect whether the Update Rollup is installed. If the Update Rollup is not installed, you will be directed to the download Web site. For more information, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 870540. To download the prerequisite update, visit this Web site.

Tested Software and Security Update Download Locations:

Affected Software:

Non-Affected Software:

  • Microsoft Exchange Server 5.5 Service Pack 4
  • Microsoft Exchange Server 5.0 Service Pack 2

The software in this list has been tested to determine whether the versions are affected. Other versions either no longer include security update support or may not be affected. To determine the support life cycle for your product and version, visit the Microsoft Support Lifecycle Web site.

General Information

Executive Summary:

This update resolves a newly-discovered, privately-reported vulnerability in Microsoft Exchange Server that could allow an attacker to run arbitrary code on the system. The vulnerability is documented in the “Vulnerability Details” section of this bulletin.

An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could take complete control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights.

Severity Ratings and Vulnerability Identifiers:

Vulnerability IdentifiersImpact of VulnerabilityExchange 2000 ServerExchange Server 2003
Exchange Server Vulnerability - CAN-2005-0560Remote Code ExecutionCriticalModerate

This assessment is based on the types of systems that are affected by the vulnerability, their typical deployment patterns, and the effect that exploiting the vulnerability would have on them.

What updates does this release replace?
This security update replaces a prior security update for Exchange 2000 Server only. The security bulletin ID and affected products are listed in the following table.

Bulletin IDExchange 2000 ServerExchange Server 2003
MS04-035 ReplacedNot Replaced

Can I use the Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer (MBSA) to determine whether this update is required?
Yes. MBSA will determine whether this update is required. For more information about MBSA, visit the MBSA Web site.

Can I use Systems Management Server (SMS) to determine whether this update is required?
Yes. SMS can help detect and deploy this security update. For information about SMS, visit the SMS Web site.
The Security Update Inventory Tool is required for detecting Microsoft Windows and other affected Microsoft products. For more information about the limitations of the Security Update Inventory Tool, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 306460

For more information about SMS, visit the SMS Web site.

You can deploy this update by using the Inventory and Software Distribution feature of SMS.

Exchange Server Vulnerability - CAN-2005-0560:

A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Microsoft Exchange Server that that could allow an attacker to connect to the SMTP port on an Exchange server and issue a specially-crafted command that could result in a denial of service or allow an attacker to run malicious programs of their choice in the security context of the SMTP service.

Mitigating Factors for Exchange Server Vulnerability - CAN-2005-0560:

Exchange Server 2003 will not process commands of this type that originate from unauthenticated users. The level of authentication required to exploit this vulnerability is typically only granted to other Exchange Servers within the same organization.

Microsoft ISA Server 2000, or third-party products that relay and filter SMTP traffic before forwarding it to Exchange, could be used to prevent an attack over the Internet. Detailed instructions on how to help protect against an attack using ISA Server can be found at the ISA Server Preventative Measures Web site by following the link “Help Protect Against the Exchange Server Vulnerability for MS05-021 Traffic”.

Customers who use ISA Server 2000 or ISA Server 2004 to publish Exchange SMTP services with the default SMTP publishing rules are at reduced risk from this attack over the Internet. The Workarounds section below discusses these ISA publishing rules.

Workarounds for Exchange Server Vulnerability - CAN-2005-0560:

Microsoft has tested the following workarounds. While these workarounds will not correct the underlying vulnerability, they help block known attack vectors. When a workaround reduces functionality, it is identified in the following section.

Use SMTP protocol inspection to filter out SMTP protocol extensions.

There are default ISA publishing rules for Exchange for filtering out any SMTP protocol extensions from traffic that passes the firewall. Other third-party products may offer similar functionality. More information on how to publish an Exchange server computer with ISA Server can be found by visiting the Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 311237.

Only accept authenticated SMTP sessions.

If practical, accept only authenticated connections. Accepting connections only from trusted sources will prevent anonymous attackers from being able to exploit this issue.

To require SMTP authentication on an Exchange 2000 server:

  1. Start Exchange System Manager.
  2. Locate the server in the organization tree.
  3. Expand the Protocols container for the server.
  4. Expand the SMTP container.
  5. For each SMTP virtual server:
  • Open the properties and of the virtual server object.
  • Click the Access properties page.
  • Click the Authentication button.
  • Clear the "Anonymous Access" checkbox.
  • Click OK to accept the change.

Impact of Workaround:

Typically, inbound SMTP mail is accepted without requiring authentication from the sender. If you implement this workaround, you will be able to receive email only from senders who have been granted appropriate permissions in your system.

Note This workaround does not prevent a malicious authenticated user from exploiting this vulnerability. But it does protect you against attack by anonymous users.

Use a firewall to block the port that SMTP uses.

Use a firewall to block the port that SMTP uses. Typically, that is port 25.

Impact of Workaround:

This workaround should only be used as a last resort to help protect you from this vulnerability. This workaround may directly affect the ability to communicate with external parties by e-mail.

Unregister xlsasink.dll and fallback to Active Directory for distribution of route information.

This workaround is presented for those operating a single-server Exchange organization. In organizations with more than one server, this option can cause problems, including, but not limited to misrouted e-mail.

  1. In the exchange installation’s bin directory, run regsvr32 /u xlsasink.dll.
  2. If the default one hour interval for the Exchange servers to update routing information from AD is sufficient, you may skip to step 8. Otherwise continue with the following instructions, taken from the More Information section in Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 842026
  3. Run regedit.
  4. Navigate to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\RESvc\Parameters
  5. Edit the ReloadOsInterval value. If it doesn’t exist, create a new DWORD with that name.
  6. Type in the number of seconds that the AD route information refresh interval should be. By default this is 3600.
  7. Click Ok and close regedit
  8. Restart all of the Exchange servers in the Routing Group at the same time.

Impact of Workaround:

Exchange Servers will not use SMTP to proactively update routing information. They will, however, continue to use Routing Engine port 691 within a Routing Group (RG). If changes to the mail infrastructure outside of the RG are made, the Exchange servers will not know about the new configuration until they refresh routing information from the Active Directory. If this process does not occur, or takes too long, it will result in an interruption of mail services. The only way for this process to occur is if Winroute shows a zero value for the major version of all remote routing groups (See Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 842026 for more information). For this reason, if you chose to implement this workaround, please contact Microsoft Product Support Services if you have more than one Exchange server in your organization. Information on how to contact Microsoft Product Support Services can be found at at this Web site.

Note This workaround should only be considered as a short term mitigation step to be used until the update can be applied. It is highly likely that over time message routing problems will arise by operating in this state. Please apply the security update as soon as possible and reverse all changes made.

FAQ for Exchange Server Vulnerability - CAN-2005-0560:

What is the scope of the vulnerability?
This is a remote code execution vulnerability. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could remotely take complete control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full system rights.

What causes the vulnerability?
An unchecked buffer in the SMTP service.

What is SMTP?
SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) is an industry standard for delivering e-mail over the Internet, as defined in RFC 2821 and in RFC 2822. The protocol defines the format of e-mail messages, the fields that are in e-mail messages, the contents of e-mail messages, and the handling procedures for e-mail messages.

What are SMTP extended verbs?
SMTP extended verbs are defined by the extension model that is defined in RFC 2821. They allow addition of new functionality to the SMTP protocol. Microsoft Exchange uses one such extended verb to communicate routing and other Exchange-specific information among Exchange servers in an Exchange environment.

What might an attacker use the vulnerability to do?
An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could take complete control of the affected system.

Who could exploit the vulnerability?
On Exchange 2000, any anonymous user who could connect to an SMTP port on the Exchange Server and issue a specially crafted extended verb request.

On Exchange 2003, the level of authentication required to exploit this vulnerability is typically only granted to other Exchange Servers within the same organization. In this case, the attacker would have to connect to an SMTP port on the Exchange Server with the authority of another Exchange Server within the same organization and issue and issue a specially crafted extended verb request.

How could an attacker exploit the vulnerability?
An unauthenticated attacker could seek to exploit this vulnerability by connecting to an SMTP port on the Exchange 2000 server and by issuing a specially-crafted extended verb request. This could allow an attacker to take any action on the system in the security context of the SMTP service. By default, the SMTP service runs as Local System.

For Exchange 2003, an attacker who could authenticate as an account in Exchange Enterprise Servers or Exchange Domain Servers groups could exploit this vulnerability.

Because Exchange 2000 Server uses the Windows 2000 SMTP service, does the vulnerability affect the SMTP service in Windows 2000?
No. The vulnerability does not affect the Microsoft SMTP service on systems that are running Windows 2000 that do not have Exchange 2000 Server installed.

The vulnerability also does not affect the Microsoft SMTP services that can be installed on Windows NT Server 4.0 or on Windows XP.

Can this be exploited directly by using e-mail?
No. This vulnerability could not be exploited by sending a specially-crafted e-mail message to a mailbox that is hosted on an Exchange server. An attacker would have to connect directly to the SMTP port on an Exchange server.

What does the update do?
The update removes the vulnerability by modifying the way that the SMTP Service validates the length of a message before it passes the message to the allocated buffer.

Additionally, the update for Exchange 2000 adds authentication requirements similar to those already present in Exchange 2003.

When this security bulletin was issued, had this vulnerability been publicly disclosed?
No. Microsoft received information about this vulnerability through responsible disclosure.

Affected Software:

For information about the specific security update for your affected software, click the appropriate link:

Exchange 2000 Server Service Pack 3 with Update Rollup 870540

Prerequisites
Prerequisites:

This security update requires Exchange 2000 Server Service Pack 3 with the Exchange 2000 Server Post-Service Pack 3 (SP3) Update Rollup. For more information, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 870540. To download the prerequisite update, visit this Web site.

Inclusion in service packs:

The update for this issue will be included in a future Service Pack or Update Rollup.

Installation Information:

This security update supports the following setup switches.

Supported Security Update Installation Switches
SwitchDescription
/help Displays the command-line options
Setup Modes
/passive Unattended Setup mode. No user interaction is required, but installation status is displayed. If a restart is required at the end of Setup, a dialog box will be presented to the user with a timer warning that the computer will restart in 30 seconds.
/quiet Quiet mode. This is the same as unattended mode, but no status or error messages are displayed.
Restart Options
/norestart Does not restart when installation has completed
/forcerestart Restarts the computer after installation and force other applications to close at shutdown without saving open files first.
/warnrestart[:x] Presents a dialog box with a timer warning the user that the computer will restart in x seconds. (The default setting is 30 seconds.) Intended for use with the /quiet switch or the /passive switches.
/promptrestart Display a dialog box prompting the local user to allow a restart
Special Options
/overwriteoem Overwrites OEM files without prompting
/nobackup Does not backup files needed for uninstall
/forceappsclose Forces other programs to close when the computer shuts down
/log:path Allows the redirection of installation log files
/integrate:path Integrates the update into the Windows source files. These files are located at the path that is specified in the switch.
/extract[:path] Extracts files without starting the Setup program
/ER Enables extended error reporting
/verbose Enables verbose logging. Creates a %Windir%\CabBuild.log file upon install that details the files that are to be copied. Using this switch may cause the installation to occur much more slower.

Deployment Information

To install the security update without any user intervention, use the following command at a command prompt:

Exchange2000-KB894549-x86-enu /u /q /z

Restart Requirement:

No restart of the computer is required provided all applications are closed before installation (including applications opened through a terminal server session). However, the security update will restart the IIS, SMTP, and the Exchange Server Information Store Service. The File Transfer Protocol (FTP) and Network News Transfer Protocol (NNTP) services will also be affected.

System managers should therefore carefully plan applying this update to cause minimal impact on normal operations.

Removal Information:

To remove this update, use the Add or Remove Programs tool in Control Panel.

System administrators can use the Spuninst.exe utility to remove this security update. The Spuninst.exe utility is located in the %Windir%\$ExchUninstall894549$\Spuninst folder.

Supported Spuninst.exe Switches
SwitchDescription
/help Displays the command-line options
Setup Modes
/passive Unattended Setup mode. No user interaction is required, but installation status is displayed. If a restart is required at the end of Setup, a dialog box will be presented to the user with a timer warning that the computer will restart in 30 seconds.
/quiet Quiet mode. This is the same as unattended mode, but no status or error messages are displayed.
Restart Options
/norestart Does not restart when installation has completed
/forcerestart Restarts the computer after installation and force other applications to close at shutdown without saving open files first.
/warnrestart[:x] Presents a dialog box with a timer warning the user that the computer will restart in x seconds. (The default setting is 30 seconds.) Intended for use with the /quiet switch or the /passive switches.
/promptrestart Display a dialog box prompting the local user to allow a restart
Special Options
/forceappsclose Forces other programs to close when the computer shuts down
/log:path Allows the redirection of installation log files

File Information:

The English version of this fix has the file attributes (or later) that are listed in the following table. The dates and times for these files are listed in coordinated universal time (UTC). When you view the file information, it is converted to local time. To find the difference between UTC and local time, use the Time Zone tab in the Date and Time tool in Control Panel.

Exchange 2000 Server Service Pack 3:

File NameVersionDateTimeSize
Reapi.dll6.0.6617.5202-Mar-200522:02532,480
Resvc.dll6.0.6617.5202-Mar-200522:08311,296
Xlsasink.dll6.0.6617.5202-Mar-200521:1069,632

Verifying that the Update Has Been Applied

  • Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer

    To verify that a security update has been applied to an affected system, you may be able to use the Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer (MBSA) tool. MBSA allows administrators to scan local and remote systems for missing security updates and for common security misconfigurations. For more information about MBSA, visit the Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer Web site.

  • File Version Verification

    Note Because there are several versions of Microsoft Windows, the following steps may be different on your computer. If they are, see your product documentation to complete these steps.

    1. Click Start, and then click Search.
    2. In the Search Results pane, click All files and folders under Search Companion.
    3. In the All or part of the file name box, type a file name from the appropriate file information table, and then click Search.
    4. In the list of files, right-click a file name from the appropriate file information table, and then click Properties.

      Note Depending on the version of the operating system or programs installed, some of the files that are listed in the file information table may not be installed.
    5. On the Version tab, determine the version of the file that is installed on your computer by comparing it to the version that is documented in the appropriate file information table.

      Note Attributes other than the file version may change during installation. Comparing other file attributes to the information in the file information table is not a supported method of verifying that the update has been applied. Also, in certain cases, files may be renamed during installation. If the file or version information is not present, use one of the other available methods to verify update installation.
  • Registry Key Verification

    You may also be able to verify the files that this security update has installed by reviewing the following registry key:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Updates\Exchange Server 2000\SP4\KB894549

Note: This registry key may not be not created properly when an administrator or an OEM integrates or slipstreams the 894549 security update into the installation source files.

Exchange Server 2003

Prerequisites
Prerequisites:

This security update requires Exchange Server 2003

Inclusion in service packs:

The fix for this issue will be included in a future Service Pack or Update Rollup.

Installation Information:

This security update supports the following setup switches.

Supported Security Update Installation Switches
SwitchDescription
/help Displays the command-line options
Setup Modes
/passive Unattended Setup mode. No user interaction is required, but installation status is displayed. If a restart is required at the end of Setup, a dialog box will be presented to the user with a timer warning that the computer will restart in 30 seconds.
/quiet Quiet mode. This is the same as unattended mode, but no status or error messages are displayed.
Restart Options
/norestart Does not restart when installation has completed
/forcerestart Restarts the computer after installation and force other applications to close at shutdown without saving open files first.
/warnrestart[:x] Presents a dialog box with a timer warning the user that the computer will restart in x seconds. (The default setting is 30 seconds.) Intended for use with the /quiet switch or the /passive switches.
/promptrestart Display a dialog box prompting the local user to allow a restart
Special Options
/overwriteoem Overwrites OEM files without prompting
/nobackup Does not backup files needed for uninstall
/forceappsclose Forces other programs to close when the computer shuts down
/log:path Allows the redirection of installation log files
/integrate:path Integrates the update into the Windows source files. These files are located at the path that is specified in the switch.
/extract[:path] Extracts files without starting the Setup program
/ER Enables extended error reporting
/verbose Enables verbose logging. Creates a %Windir%\CabBuild.log file upon install that details the files that are to be copied. Using this switch may cause the installation to occur much more slower.

Deployment Information

To install the security update without any user intervention, use the following command at a command prompt:

Exchange2003-KB894549-x86-enu /u /q /z

Restart Requirement:

No restart of the computer is required provided all applications are closed before installation (including applications opened through a terminal server session). However, the security update will restart the IIS, SMTP, and the Exchange Server Information Store Service. The File Transfer Protocol (FTP) and Network News Transfer Protocol (NNTP) services will also be affected.

System managers should therefore carefully plan applying this update to cause minimal impact on normal operations.

Removal Information:

To remove this update, use the Add or Remove Programs tool in Control Panel.

System administrators can use the Spuninst.exe utility to remove this security update. The Spuninst.exe utility is located in the %Windir%\$ExchUninstall894549$\Spuninst folder.

Supported Spuninst.exe Switches
SwitchDescription
/help Displays the command-line options
Setup Modes
/passive Unattended Setup mode. No user interaction is required, but installation status is displayed. If a restart is required at the end of Setup, a dialog box will be presented to the user with a timer warning that the computer will restart in 30 seconds.
/quiet Quiet mode. This is the same as unattended mode, but no status or error messages are displayed.
Restart Options
/norestart Does not restart when installation has completed
/forcerestart Restarts the computer after installation and force other applications to close at shutdown without saving open files first.
/warnrestart[:x] Presents a dialog box with a timer warning the user that the computer will restart in x seconds. (The default setting is 30 seconds.) Intended for use with the /quiet switch or the /passive switches.
/promptrestart Display a dialog box prompting the local user to allow a restart
Special Options
/forceappsclose Forces other programs to close when the computer shuts down
/log:path Allows the redirection of installation log files

File Information:

The English version of this fix has the file attributes (or later) that are listed in the following table. The dates and times for these files are listed in coordinated universal time (UTC). When you view the file information, it is converted to local time. To find the difference between UTC and local time, use the Time Zone tab in the Date and Time tool in Control Panel.

Exchange Server 2003:

File NameVersionDateTimeSize
Xlsasink.dll6.5.6981.302-Mar-200523:3360,416

Verifying that the Update Has Been Applied

  • Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer

    To verify that a security update has been applied to an affected system, you may be able to use the Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer (MBSA) tool. MBSA allows administrators to scan local and remote systems for missing security updates and for common security misconfigurations. For more information about MBSA, visit the Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer Web site.

  • File Version Verification

    Note Because there are several versions of Microsoft Windows, the following steps may be different on your computer. If they are, see your product documentation to complete these steps.

    1. Click Start, and then click Search.
    2. In the Search Results pane, click All files and folders under Search Companion.
    3. In the All or part of the file name box, type a file name from the appropriate file information table, and then click Search.
    4. In the list of files, right-click a file name from the appropriate file information table, and then click Properties.

      Note Depending on the version of the operating system or programs installed, some of the files that are listed in the file information table may not be installed.
    5. On the Version tab, determine the version of the file that is installed on your computer by comparing it to the version that is documented in the appropriate file information table.

      Note Attributes other than the file version may change during installation. Comparing other file attributes to the information in the file information table is not a supported method of verifying that the update has been applied. Also, in certain cases, files may be renamed during installation. If the file or version information is not present, use one of the other available methods to verify update installation.
  • Registry Key Verification

    You may also be able to verify the files that this security update has installed by reviewing the following registry key:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Updates\Exchange Server 2003\SP1\KB894549

Note: This registry key may not be not created properly when an administrator or an OEM integrates or slipstreams the 894549 security update into the installation source files.

Exchange Server 2003 Service Pack 1

Prerequisites
Prerequisites:

This security update requires Exchange Server 2003 Service Pack 1

Inclusion in service packs:

The fix for this issue will be included in a future Service Pack or Update Rollup.

Installation Information:

This security update supports the following setup switches.

Supported Security Update Installation Switches
SwitchDescription
/help Displays the command-line options
Setup Modes
/passive Unattended Setup mode. No user interaction is required, but installation status is displayed. If a restart is required at the end of Setup, a dialog box will be presented to the user with a timer warning that the computer will restart in 30 seconds.
/quiet Quiet mode. This is the same as unattended mode, but no status or error messages are displayed.
Restart Options
/norestart Does not restart when installation has completed
/forcerestart Restarts the computer after installation and force other applications to close at shutdown without saving open files first.
/warnrestart[:x] Presents a dialog box with a timer warning the user that the computer will restart in x seconds. (The default setting is 30 seconds.) Intended for use with the /quiet switch or the /passive switches.
/promptrestart Display a dialog box prompting the local user to allow a restart
Special Options
/overwriteoem Overwrites OEM files without prompting
/nobackup Does not backup files needed for uninstall
/forceappsclose Forces other programs to close when the computer shuts down
/log:path Allows the redirection of installation log files
/integrate:path Integrates the update into the Windows source files. These files are located at the path that is specified in the switch.
/extract[:path] Extracts files without starting the Setup program
/ER Enables extended error reporting
/verbose Enables verbose logging. Creates a %Windir%\CabBuild.log file upon install that details the files that are to be copied. Using this switch may cause the installation to occur much more slower.

Deployment Information

To install the security update without any user intervention, use the following command at a command prompt:

Exchange2003-KB894549-x86-enu /u /q /z

Restart Requirement:

No restart of the computer is required provided all applications are closed before installation (including applications opened through a terminal server session). However, the security update will restart the IIS, SMTP, and the Exchange Server Information Store Service. The File Transfer Protocol (FTP) and Network News Transfer Protocol (NNTP) services will also be affected.

System managers should therefore carefully plan applying this update to cause minimal impact on normal operations.

Removal Information:

To remove this update, use the Add or Remove Programs tool in Control Panel.

System administrators can use the Spuninst.exe utility to remove this security update. The Spuninst.exe utility is located in the %Windir%\$ExchUninstall894549$\Spuninst folder.

Supported Spuninst.exe Switches
SwitchDescription
/help Displays the command-line options
Setup Modes
/passive Unattended Setup mode. No user interaction is required, but installation status is displayed. If a restart is required at the end of Setup, a dialog box will be presented to the user with a timer warning that the computer will restart in 30 seconds.
/quiet Quiet mode. This is the same as unattended mode, but no status or error messages are displayed.
Restart Options
/norestart Does not restart when installation has completed
/forcerestart Restarts the computer after installation and force other applications to close at shutdown without saving open files first.
/warnrestart[:x] Presents a dialog box with a timer warning the user that the computer will restart in x seconds. (The default setting is 30 seconds.) Intended for use with the /quiet switch or the /passive switches.
/promptrestart Display a dialog box prompting the local user to allow a restart
Special Options
/forceappsclose Forces other programs to close when the computer shuts down
/log:path Allows the redirection of installation log files

File Information:

The English version of this fix has the file attributes (or later) that are listed in the following table. The dates and times for these files are listed in coordinated universal time (UTC). When you view the file information, it is converted to local time. To find the difference between UTC and local time, use the Time Zone tab in the Date and Time tool in Control Panel.

Exchange Server 2003 Service Pack 1:

File NameVersionDateTimeSize
Xlsasink.dll6.5.7232.8902-Mar-200520:2660,416

Verifying that the Update Has Been Applied

  • Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer

    To verify that a security update has been applied to an affected system, you may be able to use the Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer (MBSA) tool. MBSA allows administrators to scan local and remote systems for missing security updates and for common security misconfigurations. For more information about MBSA, visit the Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer Web site.

  • File Version Verification

    Note Because there are several versions of Microsoft Windows, the following steps may be different on your computer. If they are, see your product documentation to complete these steps.

    1. Click Start, and then click Search.
    2. In the Search Results pane, click All files and folders under Search Companion.
    3. In the All or part of the file name box, type a file name from the appropriate file information table, and then click Search.
    4. In the list of files, right-click a file name from the appropriate file information table, and then click Properties.

      Note Depending on the version of the operating system or programs installed, some of the files that are listed in the file information table may not be installed.
    5. On the Version tab, determine the version of the file that is installed on your computer by comparing it to the version that is documented in the appropriate file information table.

      Note Attributes other than the file version may change during installation. Comparing other file attributes to the information in the file information table is not a supported method of verifying that the update has been applied. Also, in certain cases, files may be renamed during installation. If the file or version information is not present, use one of the other available methods to verify update installation.
  • Registry Key Verification

    You may also be able to verify the files that this security update has installed by reviewing the following registry key:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Updates\Exchange Server 2003\SP2\KB894549

Note: This registry key may not be not created properly when an administrator or an OEM integrates or slipstreams the 894549 security update into the installation source files.

Other Information

Acknowledgments

Microsoft thanks the following for working with us to help protect customers:

  • Mark Dowd and Ben Layer of ISS X-Force for reporting the Exchange Server Vulnerability (CAN-2005-0560).

Obtaining Other Security Updates:

Updates for other security issues are available at the following locations:

Support:

  • Customers in the U.S. and Canada can receive technical support from Microsoft Product Support Services at 1-866-PCSAFETY. There is no charge for support calls that are associated with security updates.
  • International customers can receive support from their local Microsoft subsidiaries. There is no charge for support that is associated with security updates. For more information about how to contact Microsoft for support issues, visit the International Support Web site.

Security Resources:

Software Update Services:

By using Microsoft Software Update Services (SUS), administrators can quickly and reliably deploy the latest critical updates and security updates to Windows 2000 and Windows Server 2003-based servers, and to desktop systems that are running Windows 2000 Professional or Windows XP Professional.

For more information about how to deploy this security update by using Software Update Services, visit the Software Update Services Web site.

Systems Management Server:

Microsoft Systems Management Server (SMS) delivers a highly-configurable enterprise solution for managing updates. By using SMS, administrators can identify Windows-based systems that require security updates and can perform controlled deployment of these updates throughout the enterprise with minimal disruption to end users. For more information about how administrators can use SMS 2003 to deploy security updates, visit the SMS 2003 Security Patch Management Web site. SMS 2.0 users can also use Software Updates Service Feature Pack to help deploy security updates. For information about SMS, visit the SMS Web site.

Note SMS uses the Microsoft Baseline Security Analyze, Microsoft Office Detection Tool, and the Enterprise Update Scanning Tool to provide broad support for security bulletin update detection and deployment. Some software updates may not be detected by these tools. Administrators can use the inventory capabilities of the SMS in these cases to target updates to specific systems. For more information about this procedure, visit the following Web site. Some security updates require administrative rights following a restart of the system. Administrators can use the Elevated Rights Deployment Tool (available in the SMS 2003 Administration Feature Pack and in the SMS 2.0 Administration Feature Pack) to install these updates.

Disclaimer:

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Revisions:

  • V1.0 (April 12, 2005): Bulletin published
  • V1.1 (April 14, 2005): Bulletin updated to point to the correct Exchange 2000 Server Post-Service Pack 3 (SP3) Update Rollup and to advise on the scope and caveats of workaround “Unregister xlsasink.dll and fallback to Active Directory for distribution of route information”.

Built at 2014-04-18T13:49:36Z-07:00

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