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Microsoft Security Bulletin MS08-023 - Critical

Security Update of ActiveX Kill Bits (948881)

Published: April 08, 2008 | Updated: April 23, 2008

Version: 1.2

General Information

Executive Summary

This security update resolves one privately reported vulnerability for a Microsoft product. This update also includes a kill bit for the Yahoo! Music Jukebox product. The vulnerability could allow remote code execution if a user viewed a specially crafted Web page using Internet Explorer. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than users who operate with administrative user rights.

The security update is rated Critical for Internet Explorer 5.01 Service Pack 4 on Microsoft Windows 2000 Service Pack 4; Internet Explorer 6 Service Pack 1 when installed on Microsoft Windows 2000 Service Pack 4; Windows XP Service Pack 2; and Windows XP Professional x64 Edition and Windows XP Professional x64 Edition Service Pack 2.

The security update is rated Important for Windows Vista and Windows Vista Service Pack 1; and Windows Vista x64 Edition and Windows Vista x64 Edition Service Pack 1.

The security update is rated Moderate for all supported editions of Windows Server 2003.

For all other supported versions of Windows, this security update is rated Low. For more information, see the subsection, Affected and Non-Affected Software, in this section.

The security update addresses the vulnerability by setting a kill bit so the vulnerable controls do not run in Internet Explorer. For more information about the vulnerability, see the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) subsection under the next section, Vulnerability Information.

Recommendation. Microsoft recommends that customers apply the update immediately.

Known Issues. No known issues.

Affected and Non-Affected Software

The software listed here have been tested to determine which versions or editions are affected. Other versions or editions are either past their support life cycle or are not affected. To determine the support life cycle for your software version or edition, visit Microsoft Support Lifecycle.

Affected Software

Operating SystemComponentMaximum Security ImpactAggregated Severity RatingBulletins Replaced by This Update
Microsoft Windows 2000 Service Pack 4 Microsoft Internet Explorer 5.01 Service Pack 4 Remote Code ExecutionCriticalNone
Microsoft Windows 2000 Service Pack 4 Microsoft Internet Explorer 6 Service Pack 1 Remote Code ExecutionCriticalNone
Windows XP Service Pack 2 Remote Code ExecutionCriticalNone
Windows XP Professional x64 Edition and Windows XP Professional x64 Edition Service Pack 2 Remote Code ExecutionCriticalNone
Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 1 and Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2 Remote Code ExecutionModerateNone
Windows Server 2003 x64 Edition and Windows Server 2003 x64 Edition Service Pack 2 Remote Code ExecutionModerateNone
Windows Server 2003 with SP1 for Itanium-based Systems and Windows Server 2003 with SP2 for Itanium-based Systems Remote Code ExecutionModerateNone
Windows Vista and Windows Vista Service Pack 1 Remote Code ExecutionImportantNone
Windows Vista x64 Edition and Windows Vista x64 Edition Service Pack 1 Remote Code ExecutionImportantNone
Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Remote Code ExecutionLowNone
Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Remote Code ExecutionLowNone
Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-based Systems Remote Code ExecutionLowNone

What is a kill bit?
A security feature in Microsoft Internet Explorer makes it possible to prevent an ActiveX control from ever being loaded by the Internet Explorer HTML-rendering engine. This is done by making a registry setting and is referred to as setting the kill bit. After the kill bit is set, the control can never be loaded, even when it is fully installed. Setting the kill bit makes sure that even if a vulnerable component is introduced or is re-introduced to a system, it remains inert and harmless.

For more information on a kill bit, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 240797: How to stop an ActiveX control from running in Internet Explorer.

What is a security update of ActiveX kill bits? 
This security update only contains the class IDs (CLSID) of certain ActiveX controls that are the basis of this security update. This security bulletin lists these CLSIDs in the Vulnerability Section.

Why does this update not contain any binary files?
This update only makes changes to the registry to disable the control from instantiating in Internet Explorer.

Should I install this update if I do not have the affected component installed?
Yes. Installing this update will block the vulnerable control from running in Internet Explorer.

Do I need to reapply this update if I install an ActiveX control discussed in this security update at a later date?
No, reapplying this update is not required. The kill bit will block Internet Explorer from running the control even if the control is installed at a later date.

Does this update contain any kill bits that are not Microsoft-specific? 
Yes. Microsoft has been requested by an organization to set the kill bit for a control that the organization owns and has found to be vulnerable.

Does this update contain kill bits that were previously shipped in an Internet Explorer security update?
No, this update does not include kill bits that were previously shipped in an Internet Explorer security update. We recommend that you install the latest Cumulative Security Update for Internet Explorer.

I am using an older release of the software discussed in this security bulletin. What should I do? 
The affected software listed in this bulletin have been tested to determine which releases are affected. Other releases are past their support life cycle. To determine the support life cycle for your software release, visit Microsoft Support Lifecycle.

It should be a priority for customers who have older releases of the software to migrate to supported releases to prevent potential exposure to vulnerabilities. For more information about the Windows Product Lifecycle, visit the following Microsoft Support Lifecycle. For more information about the extended security update support period for these software releases, visit the Microsoft Product Support Services Web site.

Customers who require custom support for older software must contact their Microsoft account team representative, their Technical Account Manager, or the appropriate Microsoft partner representative for custom support options. Customers without an Alliance, Premier, or Authorized Contract can contact their local Microsoft sales office. For contact information, visit the Microsoft Worldwide Information Web site, select the country, and then click Go to see a list of telephone numbers. When you call, ask to speak with the local Premier Support sales manager. For more information, see the Windows Operating System Product Support Lifecycle FAQ.

Vulnerability Information

Vulnerability Severity Rating and Maximum Security Impact by Affected Software
Affected SoftwareActiveX Object Memory Corruption Vulnerability - CVE-2008-1086Aggregate Severity Rating
Internet Explorer 5.01 Service Pack 4 on Microsoft Windows 2000 Service Pack 4 Critical 
Remote Code Execution
Critical
Internet Explorer 6 Service Pack 1 when installed on Microsoft Windows 2000 Service Pack 4 Critical 
Remote Code Execution
Critical
Windows XP Service Pack 2 Critical 
Remote Code Execution
Critical
Windows XP Professional x64 Edition and Windows XP Professional x64 Edition Service Pack 2 Critical 
Remote Code Execution
Critical
Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 1 and Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2 Moderate 
Remote Code Execution
Moderate
Windows Server 2003 x64 Edition and Windows Server 2003 x64 Edition Service Pack 2 Moderate 
Remote Code Execution
Moderate
Windows Server 2003 with SP1 for Itanium-based Systems and Windows Server 2003 with SP2 for Itanium-based Systems Moderate 
Remote Code Execution
Moderate
Windows Vista and Windows Vista Service Pack 1 Important 
Remote Code Execution
Important
Windows Vista x64 Edition and Windows Vista x64 Edition Service Pack 1 Important 
Remote Code Execution
Important
Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Low 
Remote Code Execution
Low
Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Low 
Remote Code Execution
Low
Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-based Systems Low 
Remote Code Execution
Low

A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the ActiveX control hxvz.dll. An attacker could exploit the vulnerability by constructing a specially crafted Web page. When a user views the Web page, the vulnerability could allow remote code execution. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the logged on user

To view this vulnerability as a standard entry in the Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures list, see CVE-2008-1086.

Mitigating Factors for ActiveX Object Memory Corruption Vulnerability - CVE-2008-1086

Mitigation refers to a setting, common configuration, or general best-practice, existing in a default state, that could reduce the severity of exploitation of a vulnerability. The following mitigating factors may be helpful in your situation:

  • In a Web-based attack scenario, an attacker could host a Web site that contains a Web page that is used to exploit this vulnerability In addition, compromised Web sites and Web sites that accept or host user-provided content could contain specially crafted content that could exploit this vulnerability. Instead, an attacker would have to convince users to visit the Web site, typically by getting them to click a link in an e-mail or Instant Messenger message that takes users to the attacker's Web site.
  • An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the local user. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than users who operate with administrative user rights.
  • By default, Internet Explorer on Windows Server 2003 and Windows Server 2008 runs in a restricted mode that is known as Enhanced Security Configuration. This mode sets the security level for the Internet zone to High. This is a mitigating factor for Web sites that you have not added to the Internet Explorer Trusted sites zone. See the FAQ subsection of this vulnerability section for more information about Internet Explorer Enhanced Security Configuration.
  • By default, this ActiveX control is not included in the default allow-list for ActiveX controls in Internet Explorer 7. Only customers who have explicitly approved this control by using the ActiveX opt-in feature are at risk to attempts to exploit this vulnerability. However, if a customer has used this ActiveX control in a previous version of Internet Explorer, then this ActiveX control is enabled to work in Internet Explorer 7, even if the customer has not explicitly approved it using the ActiveX opt-in feature.

Workarounds for ActiveX Object Memory Corruption Vulnerability - CVE-2008-1086

Workaround refers to a setting or configuration change that does not correct the underlying vulnerability but would help block known attack vectors before you apply the update. Microsoft has tested the following workarounds and states in the discussion whether a workaround reduces functionality:

  • Prevent COM objects from running in Internet Explorer

    You can disable attempts to instantiate a COM object in Internet Explorer by setting the kill bit for the control in the registry.

    Warning If you use Registry Editor incorrectly, you may cause serious problems that may require you to reinstall your operating system. Microsoft cannot guarantee that you can solve problems that result from using Registry Editor incorrectly. Use Registry Editor at your own risk.

    For detailed steps that you can use to prevent a control from running in Internet Explorer, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 240797. Follow these steps in this article to create a Compatibility Flags value in the registry to prevent a COM object from being instantiated in Internet Explorer.

    Note The Class Identifiers and corresponding files where the ActiveX objects are contained are documented under “What does the update do?” in the “FAQ for ActiveX Object Memory Corruption Vulnerability - CVE-2008-1086” section. Replace {XXXXXXXX-XXXX-XXXX-XXXX-XXXXXXXXXXXX} below with the Class Identifiers found in this section.

    To set the kill bit for a CLSID with a value of {XXXXXXXX-XXXX-XXXX-XXXX-XXXXXXXXXXXX}, paste the following text in a text editor such as Notepad. Then, save the file by using the .reg file name extension.

    Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

    [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\ActiveX Compatibility\{ XXXXXXXX-XXXX-XXXX-XXXX-XXXXXXXXXXXX }]
    "Compatibility Flags"=dword:00000400

    You can apply this .reg file to individual systems by double-clicking it. You can also apply it across domains by using Group Policy. For more information about Group Policy, visit the following Microsoft Web sites:

    Note You must restart Internet Explorer for your changes to take effect.

  • Impact of Workaround: There is no impact as long as the object is not intended to be used in Internet Explorer.

FAQ for ActiveX Object Memory Corruption Vulnerability - CVE-2008-1086

What is the scope of the vulnerability? 
This is a remote code execution vulnerability. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the logged on user.

If a user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could take complete control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than users who operate with administrative user rights.

What causes the vulnerability? 
When the ActiveX control is used in Internet Explorer, the control may corrupt the system state in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code.

What might an attacker use the vulnerability to do? 
An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the local user. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than users who operate with administrative user rights.

How could an attacker exploit the vulnerability? 
An attacker could host a specially crafted Web site that is designed to exploit this vulnerability through Internet Explorer and then convince a user to view the Web site. This can also include compromised Web sites and Web sites that accept or host user-provided content or advertisements. These Web sites could contain specially crafted content that could exploit this vulnerability. In all cases, however, an attacker would have no way to force users to visit these Web sites. Instead, an attacker would have to convince users to visit the Web site, typically by getting them to click a link in an e-mail message or in an Instant Messenger request that takes users to the attacker's Web site. It could also be possible to display specially crafted Web content by using banner advertisements or by using other methods to deliver Web content to affected systems.

I am running Internet Explorer for Windows Server 2003. Does this mitigate this vulnerability? 
Yes. By default, Internet Explorer on Windows Server 2003 runs in a restricted mode that is known as Enhanced Security Configuration. Enhanced Security Configuration is a group of preconfigured settings in Internet Explorer that can reduce the likelihood of a user or administrator downloading and running specially crafted Web content on a server. This is a mitigating factor for Web sites that you have not added to the Internet Explorer Trusted sites zone. See also Managing Internet Explorer Enhanced Security Configuration.

What systems are primarily at risk from the vulnerability? 
This vulnerability requires that a user be logged on and visit a Web site for any malicious action to occur. Therefore, any systems where Internet Explorer is used frequently, such as workstations or terminal servers, are at the most risk from this vulnerability.

What does the update do? 
This update sets the kill bit for a list of Class Identifiers (CLSIDs).

The Class Identifiers and corresponding files are as follows:

Class IdentifierFile
{314111b8-a502-11d2-bbca-00c04f8ec294}hxvz.dll
{314111c6-a502-11d2-bbca-00c04f8ec294}hxvz.dll

When this security bulletin was issued, had this vulnerability been publicly disclosed? 
No. Microsoft received information about this vulnerability through responsible disclosure.

When this security bulletin was issued, had Microsoft received any reports that this vulnerability was being exploited? 
No. Microsoft had not received any information to indicate that this vulnerability had been publicly used to attack customers and had not seen any examples of proof of concept code published when this security bulletin was originally issued.

This update includes kill bits that will prevent the following ActiveX controls from being run in Internet Explorer:

  • Yahoo! has released a security bulletin and an update that addresses the vulnerability in Yahoo! Music Jukebox. Please see the security bulletin from Yahoo! for more information and download locations. This kill bit is being set at the request of the owner of the ActiveX control. The class identifiers (CLSIDs) for this ActiveX control are:
    • {5f810afc-bb5f-4416-be63-e01dd117bd6c}
    • {22fd7c0a-850c-4a53-9821-0b0915c96139}

Update Information

Manage the software and security updates you need to deploy to the servers, desktop, and mobile computers in your organization. For more information see the TechNet Update Management Center. The Microsoft TechNet Security Web site provides additional information about security in Microsoft products.

Security updates are available from Microsoft Update, Windows Update, and Office Update. Security updates are also available at the Microsoft Download Center. You can find them most easily by doing a keyword search for "security update."

Finally, security updates can be downloaded from the Microsoft Update Catalog. The Microsoft Update Catalog provides a searchable catalog of content made available through Windows Update and Microsoft Update, including security updates, drivers and service packs. By searching using the security bulletin number (such as, “MS08-010”), you can add all of the applicable updates to your basket (including different languages for an update), and download to the folder of your choosing. For more information about the Microsoft Update Catalog, see the Microsoft Update Catalog FAQ.

Detection and Deployment Guidance

Microsoft has provided detection and deployment guidance for this month’s security updates. This guidance will also help IT professionals understand how they can use various tools to help deploy the security update, such as Windows Update, Microsoft Update, Office Update, the Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer (MBSA), the Office Detection Tool, Microsoft Systems Management Server (SMS), and the Extended Security Update Inventory Tool. For more information, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 910723.

Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer

Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer (MBSA) allows administrators to scan local and remote systems for missing security updates as well as common security misconfigurations. For more information about MBSA visit Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer Web site. The following table provides the MBSA detection summary for this security update.

SoftwareMBSA 2.0.1
Microsoft Windows 2000 Service Pack 4Yes
Windows XP Service Pack 2Yes
Windows XP Professional x64 Edition and Microsoft Windows XP Professional x64 Edition Service Pack 2Yes
Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 1 and Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2Yes
Windows Server 2003 x64 Edition and Microsoft Windows Server 2003 x64 Edition Service Pack 2Yes
Windows Server 2003 with SP1 for Itanium-based Systems and Microsoft Windows Server 2003 with SP2 for Itanium-based SystemsYes
Windows VistaSee Note for Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008 below
Windows Vista x64 Edition and Windows Vista x64 Edition Service Pack 1 See Note for Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008 below
Windows Server 2008 (all supported editions)See Note for Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008 below

Note for Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008 Microsoft does not support installing MBSA 2.0.1 on computers that run Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008, but you may install MBSA 2.0.1 on a supported operating system and then scan the Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008-based computer remotely. For additional information about MBSA support for Windows Vista, visit the MBSA Web site. See also Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 931943: Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer (MBSA) support for Windows Vista.

For more information about MBSA 2.0.1, see MBSA 2.0 Frequently Asked Questions.

Windows Server Update Services

By using Windows Server Update Services (WSUS), administrators can deploy the latest critical updates and security updates for Windows 2000 operating systems and later, Office XP and later, Exchange Server 2003, and SQL Server 2000 to Windows 2000 and later operating systems. For more information about how to deploy this security update using Windows Server Update Services, visit the Windows Server Update Services Web site.

Systems Management Server

The following table provides the SMS detection and deployment summary for this security update.

SoftwareSMS 2.0SMS 2003 with SUSFPSMS 2003 with ITMUSCCM 2007
Microsoft Windows 2000 Service Pack 4YesYesYesYes
Windows XP Service Pack 2YesYesYesYes
Windows XP Professional x64 Edition and Windows XP Professional x64 Edition Service Pack 2NoNoYesYes
Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 1 and Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2YesYesYesYes
Windows Server 2003 x64 Edition and Microsoft Windows Server 2003 x64 Edition Service Pack 2NoNoYesYes
Windows Server 2003 with SP1 for Itanium-based Systems and Windows Server 2003 with SP2 for Itanium-based SystemsNoNoYesYes
Windows Vista and Windows Vista Service Pack 1NoNoSee Note for Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008 belowYes
Windows Vista x64 Edition and Windows Vista x64 Edition Service Pack 1NoNoSee Note for Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008 belowYes
Windows Server 2008 (all supported editions)NoNoSee Note for Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008 belowYes

For SMS 2.0 and SMS 2003, the SMS SUS Feature Pack (SUSFP), which includes the Security Update Inventory Tool (SUIT), can be used by SMS to detect security updates. See also Downloads for Systems Management Server 2.0.

For SMS 2003, the SMS 2003 Inventory Tool for Microsoft Updates (ITMU) can be used by SMS to detect security updates that are offered by Microsoft Update and that are supported by Windows Server Update Services. For more information about the SMS 2003 ITMU, see SMS 2003 Inventory Tool for Microsoft Updates. SMS 2003 can also use the Microsoft Office Inventory Tool to detect required updates for Microsoft Office applications. For more information about the Office Inventory Tool and other scanning tools, see SMS 2003 Software Update Scanning Tools. See also Downloads for Systems Management Server 2003.

System Center Configuration Manager (SCCM) 2007 uses WSUS 3.0 for detection of updates. For more information about SCCM 2007 Software Update Management, visit System Center Configuration Manager 2007.

Note for Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008  Microsoft Systems Management Server 2003 with Service Pack 3 includes support for Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008 manageability.

For more information about SMS, visit the SMS Web site.

For more detailed information, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 910723: Summary list of monthly detection and deployment guidance articles.

Affected Software

For information about the specific security update for your affected software, click the appropriate link:

Windows 2000 (all editions)

Reference Table

The following table contains the security update information for this software. You can find additional information in the subsection, Deployment Information, in this section.

Inclusion in Future Service Packs The update for this issue may be included in a future update rollup
Deployment
Installing without user interventionFor Internet Explorer 5.01 Service Pack 4 on all supported editions of Windows 2000:
IE5.01sp4-KB948881-Windows2000sp4-x86-enu /quiet
For Internet Explorer 6 Service Pack 1 when installed on all supported editions of Windows 2000:
IE6.0sp1-KB948881-Windows2000-x86-enu /quiet
Installing without restartingFor Internet Explorer 5.01 Service Pack 4 on all supported editions of Windows 2000:
IE5.01sp4-KB948881-Windows2000sp4-x86-enu /norestart
For Internet Explorer 6 Service Pack 1 when installed on all supported editions of Windows 2000:
IE6.0sp1-KB948881-Windows2000-x86-enu /norestart
Update log fileFor Internet Explorer 5.01 Service Pack 4 on all supported editions of Windows 2000:
KB948881-IE501SP4-20080313.120000.log
For Internet Explorer 6 Service Pack 1 when installed on all supported editions of Windows 2000:
KB948881-IE6SP1-20080313.120000.log
Further informationSee the subsection, Detection and Deployment Tools and Guidance
Restart Requirement
Restart required?In some cases, this update does not require a restart. If a restart is required, a message appears that advises you to restart.
HotpatchingNot applicable
Removal Information For Internet Explorer 5.01 Service Pack 4 on all supported editions of Windows 2000:
Use Add or Remove Programs tool in Control Panel or the Spuninst.exe utility located in the %Windir%\$NTUninstallKB948881-IE501SP4-20080313.120000$\Spuninst folder
For Internet Explorer 6 Service Pack 1 when installed on all supported editions of Windows 2000:
Use Add or Remove Programs tool in Control Panel or the Spuninst.exe utility located in the %Windir%\$NTUninstallKB948881-IE6SP1-20080313.120000$\Spuninst folder
Registry Key Verification For Internet Explorer 5.01 Service Pack 4 on all supported editions of Microsoft Windows 2000 Service Pack 4:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Updates\Internet Explorer 5.01\SP4\KB948881-IE501SP4-20080313.120000\Filelist
For Internet Explorer 6 Service Pack 1 when installed on all supported editions of Microsoft Windows 2000 Service Pack 4:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Updates\Internet Explorer 6\SP1\KB948881-IE6SP1-20080313.120000\Filelist

Deployment Information

Installing the Update

For more information about the installer, visit the Microsoft TechNet Web site.

For more information about the terminology that appears in this bulletin, such as hotfix, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 824684.

This security update supports the following setup switches.

Supported Security Update Installation Switches
SwitchDescription
/help Displays the command-line options
Setup Modes
/passive Unattended Setup mode. No user interaction is required, but installation status is displayed. If a restart is required at the end of Setup, a dialog box will be presented to the user with a timer warning that the computer will restart in 30 seconds.
/quiet Quiet mode. This is the same as unattended mode, but no status or error messages are displayed.
Restart Options
/norestart Does not restart when installation has completed
/forcerestart Restarts the computer after installation and force other applications to close at shutdown without saving open files first.
/warnrestart[:x] Presents a dialog box with a timer warning the user that the computer will restart in x seconds. (The default setting is 30 seconds.) Intended for use with the /quiet switch or the /passive switch.
/promptrestart Display a dialog box prompting the local user to allow a restart
Special Options
/overwriteoem Overwrites OEM files without prompting
/nobackup Does not back up files needed for uninstall
/forceappsclose Forces other programs to close when the computer shuts down
/log:path Allows the redirection of installation log files
/extract[:path] Extracts files without starting the Setup program
/ER Enables extended error reporting
/verbose Enables verbose logging. During installation, creates %Windir%\CabBuild.log. This log details the files that are copied. Using this switch may cause the installation to proceed more slowly.

Note You can combine these switches into one command. For backward compatibility, the security update also supports the setup switches that the earlier version of the Setup program uses. For more information about the supported installation switches, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 262841.

Removing the Update

This security update supports the following setup switches.

Supported Spuninst.exe Switches
SwitchDescription
/help Displays the command-line options
Setup Modes
/passive Unattended Setup mode. No user interaction is required, but installation status is displayed. If a restart is required at the end of Setup, a dialog box will be presented to the user with a timer warning that the computer will restart in 30 seconds.
/quiet Quiet mode. This is the same as unattended mode, but no status or error messages are displayed.
Restart Options
/norestart Does not restart when installation has completed
/forcerestart Restarts the computer after installation and force other applications to close at shutdown without saving open files first.
/warnrestart[:x] Presents a dialog box with a timer warning the user that the computer will restart in x seconds. (The default setting is 30 seconds.) Intended for use with the /quiet switch or the /passive switch.
/promptrestart Display a dialog box prompting the local user to allow a restart
Special Options
/forceappsclose Forces other programs to close when the computer shuts down
/log:path Allows the redirection of installation log files

Verifying That the Update Has Been Applied

  • Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer

    To verify that a security update has been applied to an affected system, you may be able to use the Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer (MBSA) tool. See the section, Detection and Deployment Tools and Guidance, earlier in this bulletin for more information.

  • Registry Key Verification

    You may also be able to verify the files that this security update has installed by reviewing the registry keys listed in the Reference Table in this section.

    These registry keys may not contain a complete list of installed files. Also, these registry keys may not be created correctly when an administrator or an OEM integrates or slipstreams this security update into the Windows installation source files.

Windows XP (all editions)

Reference Table

The following table contains the security update information for this software. You can find additional information in the subsection, Deployment Information, in this section.

Inclusion in Future Service Packs The update for this issue will be included in a future service pack or update rollup
Deployment
Installing without user interventionWindows XP Service Pack 2:
Windowsxp-kb948881-x86-enu /quiet
Windows XP Professional x64 Edition and Windows XP Professional x64 Edition Service Pack 2:
WindowsServer2003.WindowsXP-KB948881-x64-enu /quiet
Installing without restartingWindows XP Service Pack 2:
Windowsxp-kb948881-x86-enu /norestart
Windows XP Professional x64 Edition and Windows XP Professional x64 Edition Service Pack 2:
WindowsServer2003.WindowsXP-KB948881-x64-enu / norestart
Update log fileWindows XP Service Pack 2, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition and Windows XP Professional x64 Edition Service Pack 2:
KB948881.log
Further informationSee the subsection, Detection and Deployment Tools and Guidance
Restart Requirement
Restart required?In some cases, this update does not require a restart. If a restart is required, a message appears that advises you to restart.
HotpatchingNot applicable
Removal Information Windows XP Service Pack 2; Windows XP Professional x64 Edition and Windows XP Professional x64 Edition Service Pack 2:
Use Add or Remove Programs tool in Control Panel or the Spuninst.exe utility located in the %Windir%\$NTUninstallKB948881$\Spuninst folder
Registry Key Verification Windows XP Service Pack 2;
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Updates\Windows XP\SP3\KB948881\Filelist
Windows XP Professional x64 Edition and Windows XP Professional x64 Edition Service Pack 2:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Updates\Windows XP Version 2003\SP2\KB948881\Filelist

Note For supported versions of Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, this security update is the same as supported versions of the Windows Server 2003 x64 Edition security update.

Deployment Information

Installing the Update

For more information about the installer, visit the Microsoft TechNet Web site.

For more information about the terminology that appears in this bulletin, such as hotfix, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 824684.

This security update supports the following setup switches.

Supported Security Update Installation Switches
SwitchDescription
/help Displays the command-line options
Setup Modes
/passive Unattended Setup mode. No user interaction is required, but installation status is displayed. If a restart is required at the end of Setup, a dialog box will be presented to the user with a timer warning that the computer will restart in 30 seconds.
/quiet Quiet mode. This is the same as unattended mode, but no status or error messages are displayed.
Restart Options
/norestart Does not restart when installation has completed
/forcerestart Restarts the computer after installation and force other applications to close at shutdown without saving open files first.
/warnrestart[:x] Presents a dialog box with a timer warning the user that the computer will restart in x seconds. (The default setting is 30 seconds.) Intended for use with the /quiet switch or the /passive switch.
/promptrestart Display a dialog box prompting the local user to allow a restart
Special Options
/overwriteoem Overwrites OEM files without prompting
/nobackup Does not back up files needed for uninstall
/forceappsclose Forces other programs to close when the computer shuts down
/log:path Allows the redirection of installation log files
/integrate:path Integrates the update into the Windows source files. These files are located at the path that is specified in the switch.
/extract[:path] Extracts files without starting the Setup program
/ER Enables extended error reporting
/verbose Enables verbose logging. During installation, creates %Windir%\CabBuild.log. This log details the files that are copied. Using this switch may cause the installation to proceed more slowly.

Note You can combine these switches into one command. For backward compatibility, the security update also supports the setup switches that the earlier version of the Setup program uses. For more information about the supported installation switches, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 262841.

Removing the Update

This security update supports the following setup switches.

Supported Spuninst.exe Switches
SwitchDescription
/help Displays the command-line options
Setup Modes
/passive Unattended Setup mode. No user interaction is required, but installation status is displayed. If a restart is required at the end of Setup, a dialog box will be presented to the user with a timer warning that the computer will restart in 30 seconds.
/quiet Quiet mode. This is the same as unattended mode, but no status or error messages are displayed.
Restart Options
/norestart Does not restart when installation has completed
/forcerestart Restarts the computer after installation and force other applications to close at shutdown without saving open files first.
/warnrestart[:x] Presents a dialog box with a timer warning the user that the computer will restart in x seconds. (The default setting is 30 seconds.) Intended for use with the /quiet switch or the /passive switch.
/promptrestart Display a dialog box prompting the local user to allow a restart
Special Options
/forceappsclose Forces other programs to close when the computer shuts down
/log:path Allows the redirection of installation log files

Verifying That the Update Has Been Applied

  • Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer

    To verify that a security update has been applied to an affected system, you may be able to use the Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer (MBSA) tool. See the section, Detection and Deployment Tools and Guidance, earlier in this bulletin for more information.

  • Registry Key Verification

    You may also be able to verify the files that this security update has installed by reviewing the registry keys listed in the Reference Table in this section.

    These registry keys may not contain a complete list of installed files. Also, these registry keys may not be created correctly when an administrator or an OEM integrates or slipstreams this security update into the Windows installation source files.

Windows Server 2003 (all editions)

Reference Table

The following table contains the security update information for this software. You can find additional information in the subsection, Deployment Information, in this section.

Inclusion in Future Service Packs The update for this issue will be included in a future service pack or update rollup
Deployment
Installing without user interventionWindows Server 2003:
Windowsserver2003-kb948881-x86-enu /quiet
Windows Server 2003 x64 Edition and Windows Server 2003 x64 Edition Service Pack 2:
WindowsServer2003.WindowsXP-KB948881-x64-enu /quiet
Windows Server 2003 with SP1 for Itanium-based Systems and Windows Server 2003 with SP2 for Itanium-based Systems
Windowsserver2003-kb948881-ia64-enu /quiet
Installing without restartingWindows Server 2003:
Windowsserver2003-kb948881-x86-enu /norestart
Windows Server 2003 x64 Edition and Windows Server 2003 x64 Edition Service Pack 2:
WindowsServer2003.WindowsXP-KB948881-x64-enu /norestart
Windows Server 2003 with SP1 for Itanium-based Systems and Windows Server 2003 with SP2 for Itanium-based Systems:
Windowsserver2003-kb948881-ia64-enu /norestart
Update log fileAll supported Windows Server 2003 32-bit editions, x64-based editions, and Itanium-based editions of Windows Server 2003:
KB948881.log
Further informationSee the subsection, Detection and Deployment Tools and Guidance
Restart Requirement
Restart required?In some cases, this update does not require a restart. If a restart is required, a message appears that advises you to restart.
HotpatchingThis security update does not support HotPatching. For more information about HotPatching, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 897341.
Removal Information All supported 32-bit editions, x64-based editions, and Itanium-based editions of Windows Server 2003:
Use Add or Remove Programs tool in Control Panel or the Spuninst.exe utility located in the Use the Spuninst.exe utility, located in the %Windir%\$NTUninstallKB948881$\Spuninst folder
Registry Key Verification All supported 32-bit editions and Itanium-based editions of Windows Server 2003:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Updates\Windows Server 2003\SP3\KB948881\Filelist

All supported x64-based editions of Windows Server 2003:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Updates\Windows Server 2003\SP3\KB948881\Filelist

Deployment Information

Installing the Update

For more information about the installer, visit the Microsoft TechNet Web site.

For more information about the terminology that appears in this bulletin, such as hotfix, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 824684.

This security update supports the following setup switches.

Supported Security Update Installation Switches
SwitchDescription
/help Displays the command-line options
Setup Modes
/passive Unattended Setup mode. No user interaction is required, but installation status is displayed. If a restart is required at the end of Setup, a dialog box will be presented to the user with a timer warning that the computer will restart in 30 seconds.
/quiet Quiet mode. This is the same as unattended mode, but no status or error messages are displayed.
Restart Options
/norestart Does not restart when installation has completed
/forcerestart Restarts the computer after installation and force other applications to close at shutdown without saving open files first.
/warnrestart[:x] Presents a dialog box with a timer warning the user that the computer will restart in x seconds. (The default setting is 30 seconds.) Intended for use with the /quiet switch or the /passive switch.
/promptrestart Display a dialog box prompting the local user to allow a restart
Special Options
/overwriteoem Overwrites OEM files without prompting
/nobackup Does not back up files needed for uninstall
/forceappsclose Forces other programs to close when the computer shuts down
/log:path Allows the redirection of installation log files
/integrate:path Integrates the update into the Windows source files. These files are located at the path that is specified in the switch.
/extract[:path] Extracts files without starting the Setup program
/ER Enables extended error reporting
/verbose Enables verbose logging. During installation, creates %Windir%\CabBuild.log. This log details the files that are copied. Using this switch may cause the installation to proceed more slowly.

Note You can combine these switches into one command. For backward compatibility, the security update also supports many of the setup switches that the earlier version of the Setup program uses. For more information about the supported installation switches, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 262841.

Removing the Update

This security update supports the following setup switches.

Supported Spuninst.exe Switches
SwitchDescription
/help Displays the command-line options
Setup Modes
/passive Unattended Setup mode. No user interaction is required, but installation status is displayed. If a restart is required at the end of Setup, a dialog box will be presented to the user with a timer warning that the computer will restart in 30 seconds.
/quiet Quiet mode. This is the same as unattended mode, but no status or error messages are displayed.
Restart Options
/norestart Does not restart when installation has completed
/forcerestart Restarts the computer after installation and force other applications to close at shutdown without saving open files first.
/warnrestart[:x] Presents a dialog box with a timer warning the user that the computer will restart in x seconds. (The default setting is 30 seconds.) Intended for use with the /quiet switch or the /passive switch.
/promptrestart Display a dialog box prompting the local user to allow a restart
Special Options
/forceappsclose Forces other programs to close when the computer shuts down
/log:path Allows the redirection of installation log files

Verifying that the Update Has Been Applied

  • Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer

    To verify that a security update has been applied to an affected system, you may be able to use the Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer (MBSA) tool. See the section, Detection and Deployment Tools and Guidance, earlier in this bulletin for more information.

  • Registry Key Verification

    You may also be able to verify the files that this security update has installed by reviewing the registry keys listed in the Reference Table in this section.

    These registry keys may not contain a complete list of installed files. Also, these registry keys may not be created correctly when an administrator or an OEM integrates or slipstreams this security update into the Windows installation source files.

Windows Vista (all editions)

Reference Table

The following table contains the security update information for this software. You can find additional information in the subsection, Deployment Information, in this section.

Inclusion in Future Service Packs The update for this issue will be included in a future service pack or update rollup
Deployment
Installing without user interventionAll supported 32-bit editions of Windows Vista:
Windows6.0-KB948881-x86 /quiet
All supported 64-bit editions of Windows Vista:
Windows6.0-KB948881-x64 /quiet
Installing without restartingAll supported 32-bit editions of Windows Vista:
Windows6.0-KB948881-x86 /quiet /norestart
All supported 64-bit editions of Windows Vista:
Windows6.0-KB948881-x64 /quiet /norestart
Restart Requirement
Restart required?In some cases, this update does not require a restart. If a restart is required, a message appears that advises you to restart.
HotpatchingNot applicable.
Removal Information WUSA.exe does not support uninstall of updates. To uninstall an update installed by WUSA, click Control Panel, and then click Security. Under Windows Update, click View installed updates and select from the list of updates.
Registry Key Verification Note: A registry key does not exist to validate the presence of this patch.

Deployment Information

Installing the Update

For more information about the installer, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 934307.

For more information about the terminology that appears in this bulletin, such as hotfix, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 824684.

This security update supports the following setup switches.

Supported Security Update Installation Switches
SwitchDescription
/?, /h, /help Displays help on supported switches.
/quiet Suppresses the display of status or error messages.
/norestart When combined with /quiet, the system will not be restarted after installation even if a restart is required to complete installation.

Note For more information about the installer, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 934307.

Verifying that the Update Has Been Applied

  • Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer

    To verify that a security update has been applied to an affected system, you may be able to use the Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer (MBSA) tool. See the section, Detection and Deployment Tools and Guidance, earlier in this bulletin for more information.

Windows Server 2008 (all editions)

Reference Table

The following table contains the security update information for this software. You can find additional information in the subsection, Deployment Information, in this section.

Inclusion in Future Service Packs The update for this issue will be included in a future service pack or update rollup
Deployment
Installing without user interventionAll supported 32-bit editions of Windows Server 2008:
Windows6.0-KB948881-x86 /quiet
All supported x64-based editions of Windows Server 2008:
Windows6.0-KB948881-x64 /quiet
All supported Itanium based editions of Windows Server 2008:
Windows6.0-KB948881-ia64 /quiet
Installing without restartingAll supported 32-bit editions of Windows Server 2008:
Windows6.0-KB948881-x86 /quiet /norestart
All supported x64-based editions of Windows Server 2008:
Windows6.0-KB948881-x64 /quiet /norestart
All supported Itanium based editions of Windows Server 2008:
Windows6.0-KB948881-ia64 /quiet /norestart
Further informationSee the subsection, Detection and Deployment Tools and Guidance
Restart Requirement
Restart required?In some cases, this update does not require a restart. If a restart is required, a message appears that advises you to restart.
HotpatchingNot applicable.
Removal Information WUSA.exe does not support uninstall of updates. To uninstall an update installed by WUSA, click Control Panel, and then click Security. Under Windows Update, click View installed updates and select from the list of updates.
Registry Key Verification Note: A registry key does not exist to validate the presence of this patch.

Deployment Information

Installing the Update

When you install this security update, the installer checks whether one or more of the files that are being updated on your system have previously been updated by a Windows hotfix. If you have previously installed a hotfix to update one of these files, the installer will apply the LDR version of this update. Otherwise, the installer will apply the GDR version of the update. For more information about this behavior, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 824994.

For more information about the installer, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 934307.

For more information about the terminology that appears in this bulletin, such as hotfix, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 824684.

This security update supports the following setup switches.

Supported Security Update Installation Switches
SwitchDescription
/?, /h, /help Displays help on supported switches.
/quiet Suppresses the display of status or error messages.
/norestart When combined with /quiet, the system will not be restarted after installation even if a restart is required to complete installation.

Note For more information about the installer, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 934307.

Verifying that the Update Has Been Applied

  • Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer

    To verify that a security update has been applied to an affected system, you may be able to use the Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer (MBSA) tool. See the section, Detection and Deployment Tools and Guidance, earlier in this bulletin for more information.

Other Information

Acknowledgments

Microsoft thanks the following for working with us to help protect customers:

  • An anonymous researcher working with the iDefense VCP for reporting the ActiveX Object Memory Corruption Vulnerability – CVE-2008-1086

Support

  • Customers in the U.S. and Canada can receive technical support from Microsoft Product Support Services at 1-866-PCSAFETY. There is no charge for support calls that are associated with security updates.
  • International customers can receive support from their local Microsoft subsidiaries. There is no charge for support that is associated with security updates. For more information about how to contact Microsoft for support issues, visit the International Support Web site.

Disclaimer

The information provided in the Microsoft Knowledge Base is provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Microsoft disclaims all warranties, either express or implied, including the warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. In no event shall Microsoft Corporation or its suppliers be liable for any damages whatsoever including direct, indirect, incidental, consequential, loss of business profits or special damages, even if Microsoft Corporation or its suppliers have been advised of the possibility of such damages. Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of liability for consequential or incidental damages so the foregoing limitation may not apply.

Revisions

  • V1.0 (April 08, 2008): Bulletin published.
  • V1.1 (April 16, 2008): Corrected the uninstall utility path for this update on Windows XP (all editions).
  • V1.2 (April 23, 2008): Corrected the Registry Key for Verification for all supported x64-based editions of Windows Server 2003.

Built at 2014-04-18T13:49:36Z-07:00

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