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Microsoft Security Bulletin MS12-049 - Important

Vulnerability in TLS Could Allow Information Disclosure (2655992)

Published: July 10, 2012 | Updated: July 09, 2013

Version: 1.1

General Information

Executive Summary

This security update resolves a publicly disclosed vulnerability in TLS. The vulnerability could allow information disclosure if an attacker intercepts encrypted web traffic served from an affected system. All cipher suites that do not use CBC mode are not affected.

This security update is rated Important for all supported releases of Microsoft Windows. For more information, see the subsection, Affected and Non-Affected Software, in this section.

The security update addresses the vulnerability by modifying the way that the Windows Secure Channel (SChannel) and the Cryptography API: Next Generation (CNG) components handle encrypted network packets. For more information about the vulnerability, see the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) subsection for the specific vulnerability entry under the next section, Vulnerability Information.

Recommendation. The majority of customers have automatic updating enabled and will not need to take any action because this security update will be downloaded and installed automatically. Customers who have not enabled automatic updating need to check for updates and install this update manually. For information about specific configuration options in automatic updating, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 294871.

For administrators and enterprise installations, or end users who want to install this security update manually, Microsoft recommends that customers apply the update at the earliest opportunity using update management software, or by checking for updates using the Microsoft Update service.

See also the section, Detection and Deployment Tools and Guidance, later in this bulletin.

Known Issues. None

Affected and Non-Affected Software

The following software have been tested to determine which versions or editions are affected. Other versions or editions are either past their support life cycle or are not affected. To determine the support life cycle for your software version or edition, visit Microsoft Support Lifecycle.

Affected Software

Operating SystemMaximum Security ImpactAggregate Severity RatingBulletins Replaced by this Update
Windows XP Service Pack 3
(KB2655992)
Information DisclosureImportantKB980436 in MS10-049 replaced by KB2655992
Windows XP Professional x64 Edition Service Pack 2
(KB2655992)
Information DisclosureImportantKB2585542 in MS12-006 replaced by KB2655992
Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2
(KB2655992)
Information DisclosureImportantKB2585542 in MS12-006 replaced by KB2655992
Windows Server 2003 x64 Edition Service Pack 2
(KB2655992)
Information DisclosureImportantKB2585542 in MS12-006 replaced by KB2655992
Windows Server 2003 with SP2 for Itanium-based Systems
(KB2655992)
Information DisclosureImportantKB2585542 in MS12-006 replaced by KB2655992
Windows Vista Service Pack 2
(KB2655992)
Information DisclosureImportantKB2207566 in MS10-085 replaced by KB2655992
Windows Vista x64 Edition Service Pack 2
(KB2655992)
Information DisclosureImportantKB2207566 in MS10-085 replaced by KB2655992
Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2
(KB2655992)
Information DisclosureImportantKB2207566 in MS10-085 replaced by KB2655992
Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2
(KB2655992)
Information DisclosureImportantKB2207566 in MS10-085 replaced by KB2655992
Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-based Systems Service Pack 2
(KB2655992)
Information DisclosureImportantKB2207566 in MS10-085 replaced by KB2655992
Windows 7 for 32-bit Systems
(KB2655992)
Information DisclosureImportantKB2207566 in MS10-085 replaced by KB2655992
Windows 7 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 1
(KB2655992)
Information DisclosureImportantNone
Windows 7 for x64-based Systems
(KB2655992)
Information DisclosureImportantKB2207566 in MS10-085 replaced by KB2655992
Windows 7 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1
(KB2655992)
Information DisclosureImportantNone
Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems
(KB2655992)
Information DisclosureImportantKB2207566 in MS10-085 replaced by KB2655992
Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1
(KB2655992)
Information DisclosureImportantNone
Windows Server 2008 R2 for Itanium-based Systems
(KB2655992)
Information DisclosureImportantKB2207566 in MS10-085 replaced by KB2655992
Windows Server 2008 R2 for Itanium-based Systems Service Pack 1
(KB2655992)
Information DisclosureImportantNone
Server Core installation option
Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2 (Server Core installation)
(KB2655992)
Information DisclosureImportantKB2207566 in MS10-085 replaced by KB2655992
Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2 (Server Core installation)
(KB2655992)
Information DisclosureImportantKB2207566 in MS10-085 replaced by KB2655992
Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems (Server Core installation)
(KB2655992)
Information DisclosureImportantKB2207566 in MS10-085 replaced by KB2655992
Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1 (Server Core installation)
(KB2655992)
Information DisclosureImportantNone

Where are the file information details? 
Refer to the reference tables in the Security Update Deployment section for the location of the file information details.

Wh ere are the hashes of the security updates ? 
The SHA1 and SHA2 hashes of the security updates can be used to verify the authenticity of downloaded security update packages. For the hash information pertaining to this update, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 2655992.

I am using an older release of the software discussed in this security bulletin. What should I do? 
The affected software listed in this bulletin have been tested to determine which releases are affected. Other releases are past their support life cycle. For more information about the product lifecycle, visit the Microsoft Support Lifecycle website.

It should be a priority for customers who have older releases of the software to migrate to supported releases to prevent potential exposure to vulnerabilities. To determine the support lifecycle for your software release, see Select a Product for Lifecycle Information. For more information about service packs for these software releases, see Service Pack Lifecycle Support Policy.

Customers who require custom support for older software must contact their Microsoft account team representative, their Technical Account Manager, or the appropriate Microsoft partner representative for custom support options. Customers without an Alliance, Premier, or Authorized Contract can contact their local Microsoft sales office. For contact information, visit the Microsoft Worldwide Information website, select the country in the Contact Information list, and then click Go to see a list of telephone numbers. When you call, ask to speak with the local Premier Support sales manager. For more information, see the Microsoft Support Lifecycle Policy FAQ.

Vulnerability Information

The following severity ratings assume the potential maximum impact of the vulnerability. For information regarding the likelihood, within 30 days of this security bulletin's release, of the exploitability of the vulnerability in relation to its severity rating and security impact, please see the Exploitability Index in the July bulletin summary. For more information, see Microsoft Exploitability Index.

Vulnerability Severity Rating and Maximum Security Impact by Affected Software
Affected SoftwareTLS Protocol Vulnerability - CVE-2012-1870Aggregate Severity Rating
Windows XP Service Pack 3 Important 
Information Disclosure
Important
Windows XP Professional x64 Edition Service Pack 2 Important 
Information Disclosure
Important
Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2 Important 
Information Disclosure
Important
Windows Server 2003 x64 Edition Service Pack 2 Important 
Information Disclosure
Important
Windows Server 2003 with SP2 for Itanium-based Systems Important 
Information Disclosure
Important
Windows Vista Service Pack 2 Important 
Information Disclosure
Important
Windows Vista x64 Edition Service Pack 2 Important 
Information Disclosure
Important
Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2 Important 
Information Disclosure
Important
Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2 Important 
Information Disclosure
Important
Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-based Systems Service Pack 2 Important 
Information Disclosure
Important
Windows 7 for 32-bit Systems Important 
Information Disclosure
Important
Windows 7 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 1 Important 
Information Disclosure
Important
Windows 7 for x64-based Systems Important 
Information Disclosure
Important
Windows 7 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1 Important 
Information Disclosure
Important
Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Important 
Information Disclosure
Important
Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1 Important 
Information Disclosure
Important
Windows Server 2008 R2 for Itanium-based Systems Important 
Information Disclosure
Important
Windows Server 2008 R2 for Itanium-based Systems Service Pack 1 Important 
Information Disclosure
Important
Server Core installation option
Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2 Important 
Information Disclosure
Important
Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2 Important 
Information Disclosure
Important
Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Important 
Information Disclosure
Important
Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1 Important 
Information Disclosure
Important

An information disclosure vulnerability exists in TLS encryption protocol. This vulnerability affects the protocol itself and is not specific to the Windows operating system. This is an information disclosure vulnerability that allows the decryption of encrypted TLS traffic. This vulnerability primarily impacts HTTPS traffic, since the browser is the primary attack vector, and all web traffic served via HTTPS or mixed content HTTP/HTTPS is affected.

To view this vulnerability as a standard entry in the Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures list, see CVE-2012-1870.

Mitigating Factors for TLS Protocol Vulnerability - CVE-2012-1870

Mitigation refers to a setting, common configuration, or general best-practice, existing in a default state, that could reduce the severity of exploitation of a vulnerability. The following mitigating factors may be helpful in your situation:

  • All cipher suites that do not use CBC mode are not affected.

Workarounds for TLS Protocol Vulnerability - CVE-2012-1870

Workaround refers to a setting or configuration change that does not correct the underlying vulnerability but would help block known attack vectors before you apply the update. Microsoft has tested the following workarounds and states in the discussion whether a workaround reduces functionality:

  • Prioritize the RC4 Algorithm in server software on systems running Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008, Windows 7, or Windows Server 2008 R2

    The attack only affects cipher suites that use symmetric encryption algorithms in CBC mode, such as AES, and does not affect the RC4 algorithm. You can prioritize the RC4 algorithm in server software in order to facilitate secure communication using RC4 instead of CBC. Refer to this MSDN article, Prioritizing Schannel Cipher Suites, to learn how to perform this operation.

    Warning The client or server with which you are communicating must support the RC4 algorithm. If support for RC4 is not available, a different cipher suite will be used if one is available, and this workaround will be ineffective.

FAQ for TLS Protocol Vulnerability - CVE-2012-1870

What is the scope of the vulnerability? 
This is an information disclosure vulnerability.

What causes the vulnerability? 
The vulnerability is caused by a design flaw in the TLS protocol when Cipher-block chaining (CBC) mode of operation is used.

What are TLS and SSL? 
The Transport Layer Security (TLS) Handshake Protocol is responsible for the authentication and key exchange necessary to establish or resume secure sessions. The Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) is a predecessor of the Transport Layer Security protocol. Both TLS and SSL perform the same functions and support secure network communications using a combination of public and secret key technology.

For more information, see the TechNet article, How TLS/SSL works.

What might an attacker use the vulnerability to do? 
An attacker monitoring an encrypted communication who successfully exploited this vulnerability could decrypt the intercepted encrypted traffic.

How could an attacker exploit the vulnerability? 
An attacker could inject malicious code in an HTTP response or host a specially crafted website containing malicious code, forcing the browser to execute this malicious code. This code sends several requests, inside the same TLS session, to a third party HTTPS website, where cookies are sent automatically if a previous authenticated session exists. This is a required condition in order to exploit this vulnerability. The attacker needs to be able to intercept this HTTPS traffic in order to exploit this vulnerability in SSL, resulting in the possibility to decrypt portions of the encrypted traffic (for example, authentication cookies).

What systems are primarily at risk from the vulnerability? 
Since the browser is the primary attack vector, any systems, such as workstations or terminal servers, that send and receive HTTPS traffic are at the most risk from this vulnerability.

What does the update do? 
The update modifies the way that the Windows Secure Channel (SChannel) and the Cryptography API: Next Generation (CNG) components handle encrypted network packets.

When this security bulletin was issued, had this vulnerability been publicly disclosed? 
Yes. This vulnerability has been publicly disclosed. It has been assigned Common Vulnerability and Exposure number CVE-2012-1870.

When this security bulletin was issued, had Microsoft received any reports that this vulnerability was being exploited? 
No. Microsoft had seen examples of proof of concept code published publicly but had not received any information to indicate that this vulnerability had been publicly used to attack customers when this security bulletin was originally issued.

Update Information

Security Central

Manage the software and security updates you need to deploy to the servers, desktop, and mobile systems in your organization. For more information see the TechNet Update Management Center. The Microsoft TechNet Security website provides additional information about security in Microsoft products.

Security updates are available from Microsoft Update and Windows Update. Security updates are also available from the Microsoft Download Center. You can find them most easily by doing a keyword search for "security update."

Finally, security updates can be downloaded from the Microsoft Update Catalog. The Microsoft Update Catalog provides a searchable catalog of content made available through Windows Update and Microsoft Update, including security updates, drivers and service packs. By searching using the security bulletin number (such as, "MS07-036"), you can add all of the applicable updates to your basket (including different languages for an update), and download to the folder of your choosing. For more information about the Microsoft Update Catalog, see the Microsoft Update Catalog FAQ.

Detection and Deployment Guidance

Microsoft provides detection and deployment guidance for security updates. This guidance contains recommendations and information that can help IT professionals understand how to use various tools for detection and deployment of security updates. For more information, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 961747.

Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer

Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer (MBSA) allows administrators to scan local and remote systems for missing security updates as well as common security misconfigurations. For more information about MBSA, visit Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer.

The following table provides the MBSA detection summary for this security update.

Software MBSA
Windows XP Service Pack 3Yes
Windows XP Professional x64 Edition Service Pack 2Yes
Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2Yes
Windows Server 2003 x64 Edition Service Pack 2Yes
Windows Server 2003 with SP2 for Itanium-based SystemsYes
Windows Vista Service Pack 2Yes
Windows Vista x64 Edition Service Pack 2Yes
Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2Yes
Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2Yes
Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-based Systems Service Pack 2Yes
Windows 7 for 32-bit Systems and Windows 7 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 1Yes
Windows 7 for x64-based Systems and Windows 7 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1Yes
Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems and Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1Yes
Windows Server 2008 R2 for Itanium-based Systems and Windows Server 2008 R2 for Itanium-based Systems Service Pack 1Yes

Note For customers using legacy software not supported by the latest release of MBSA, Microsoft Update, and Windows Server Update Services, please visit Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer and reference the Legacy Product Support section on how to create comprehensive security update detection with legacy tools.

Windows Server Update Services

Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) enables information technology administrators to deploy the latest Microsoft product updates to computers that are running the Windows operating system. For more information about how to deploy security updates using Windows Server Update Services, see the TechNet article, Windows Server Update Services.

Systems Management Server

The following table provides the SMS detection and deployment summary for this security update.

SoftwareSMS 2003 with ITMUSystem Center Configuration Manager
Windows XP Service Pack 3YesYes
Windows XP Professional x64 Edition Service Pack 2YesYes
Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2YesYes
Windows Server 2003 x64 Edition Service Pack 2YesYes
Windows Server 2003 with SP2 for Itanium-based SystemsYesYes
Windows Vista Service Pack 2YesYes
Windows Vista x64 Edition Service Pack 2YesYes
Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2YesYes
Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2YesYes
Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-based Systems Service Pack 2YesYes
Windows 7 for 32-bit Systems and Windows 7 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 1YesYes
Windows 7 for x64-based Systems and Windows 7 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1YesYes
Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems and Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1YesYes
Windows Server 2008 R2 for Itanium-based Systems and Windows Server 2008 R2 for Itanium-based Systems Service Pack 1YesYes

Note Microsoft discontinued support for SMS 2.0 on April 12, 2011. For SMS 2003, Microsoft also discontinued support for the Security Update Inventory Tool (SUIT) on April 12, 2011. Customers are encouraged to upgrade to System Center Configuration Manager. For customers remaining on SMS 2003 Service Pack 3, the Inventory Tool for Microsoft Updates (ITMU) is also an option.

For SMS 2003, the SMS 2003 Inventory Tool for Microsoft Updates (ITMU) can be used by SMS to detect security updates that are offered by Microsoft Update and that are supported by Windows Server Update Services. For more information about the SMS 2003 ITMU, see SMS 2003 Inventory Tool for Microsoft Updates. For more information about SMS scanning tools, see SMS 2003 Software Update Scanning Tools. See also Downloads for Systems Management Server 2003.

System Center Configuration Manager uses WSUS 3.0 for detection of updates. For more information about System Center Configuration Manager Software Update Management, visit System Center.

For more information about SMS, visit the SMS website.

For more detailed information, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 910723: Summary list of monthly detection and deployment guidance articles.

Update Compatibility Evaluator and Application Compatibility Toolkit

Updates often write to the same files and registry settings required for your applications to run. This can trigger incompatibilities and increase the time it takes to deploy security updates. You can streamline testing and validating Windows updates against installed applications with the Update Compatibility Evaluator components included with Application Compatibility Toolkit.

The Application Compatibility Toolkit (ACT) contains the necessary tools and documentation to evaluate and mitigate application compatibility issues before deploying Windows Vista, a Windows Update, a Microsoft Security Update, or a new version of Windows Internet Explorer in your environment.

Affected Software

For information about the specific security update for your affected software, click the appropriate link:

Windows XP (all editions)

Reference Table

The following table contains the security update information for this software. You can find additional information in the subsection, Deployment Information, in this section.

Inclusion in Future Service Packs The update for this issue will be included in a future service pack or update rollup
Deployment  
Installing without user interventionFor Windows XP Service Pack 3:
WindowsXP-KB2655992-x86-enu.exe /quiet
For Windows XP Professional x64 Edition Service Pack 2:
WindowsServer2003.WindowsXP-KB2655992-x64-enu.exe /quiet
Installing without restartingFor Windows XP Service Pack 3:
WindowsXP-KB2655992-x86-enu.exe /norestart
For Windows XP Professional x64 Edition Service Pack 2:
WindowsServer2003.WindowsXP-KB2655992-x64-enu.exe /norestart
Update log fileKB2655992.log
Further informationSee the subsection, Detection and Deployment Tools and Guidance
Restart Requirement  
Restart required?Yes, you must restart your system after you apply this security update.
HotPatchingNot applicable
Removal Information Use Add or Remove Programs item in Control Panel or the Spuninst.exe utility located in the %Windir%\$NTUninstallKB2655992$\Spuninst folder
File Information See Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 2655992
Registry Key Verification For all supported 32-bit editions of Windows XP:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Updates\Windows XP\SP4\KB2655992\Filelist
For all supported x64-based editions of Windows XP:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Updates\Windows XP Version 2003\SP3\KB2655992\Filelist

Note The update for supported versions of Windows XP Professional x64 Edition also applies to supported versions of Windows Server 2003 x64 Edition.

Deployment Information

Installing the Update

When you install this security update, the installer checks whether one or more of the files that are being updated on your system have previously been updated by a Microsoft hotfix.

If you have previously installed a hotfix to update one of these files, the installer copies the RTMQFE, SP1QFE, or SP2QFE files to your system. Otherwise, the installer copies the RTMGDR, SP1GDR, or SP2GDR files to your system. Security updates may not contain all variations of these files. For more information about this behavior, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 824994.

For more information about the installer, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 832475.

For more information about the terminology that appears in this bulletin, such as hotfix, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 824684.

This security update supports the following setup switches.

Supported Security Update Installation Switches
SwitchDescription
/help Displays the command-line options.
Setup Modes
/passive Unattended Setup mode. No user interaction is required, but installation status is displayed. If a restart is required at the end of Setup, a dialog box will be presented to the user with a timer warning that the computer will restart in 30 seconds.
/quiet Quiet mode. This is the same as unattended mode, but no status or error messages are displayed.
Restart Options
/norestart Does not restart when installation has completed.
/forcerestart Restarts the computer after installation and force other applications to close at shutdown without saving open files first.
/warnrestart[:x] Presents a dialog box with a timer warning the user that the computer will restart in x seconds. (The default setting is 30 seconds.) Intended for use with the /quiet switch or the /passive switch.
/promptrestart Displays a dialog box prompting the local user to allow a restart.
Special Options
/overwriteoem Overwrites OEM files without prompting.
/nobackup Does not back up files needed for uninstall.
/forceappsclose Forces other programs to close when the computer shuts down.
/log:path Allows the redirection of installation log files.
/integrate:path Integrates the update into the Windows source files. These files are located at the path that is specified in the switch.
/extract[:path] Extracts files without starting the Setup program.
/ER Enables extended error reporting.
/verbose Enables verbose logging. During installation, creates %Windir%\CabBuild.log. This log details the files that are copied. Using this switch may cause the installation to proceed more slowly.

Note You can combine these switches into one command. For backward compatibility, the security update also supports the setup switches that the earlier version of the Setup program uses. For more information about the supported installation switches, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 262841.

Removing the Update

This security update supports the following setup switches.

Supported Spuninst.exe Switches
SwitchDescription
/help Displays the command-line options.
Setup Modes
/passive Unattended Setup mode. No user interaction is required, but installation status is displayed. If a restart is required at the end of Setup, a dialog box will be presented to the user with a timer warning that the computer will restart in 30 seconds.
/quiet Quiet mode. This is the same as unattended mode, but no status or error messages are displayed.
Restart Options
/norestart Does not restart when installation has completed
/forcerestart Restarts the computer after installation and force other applications to close at shutdown without saving open files first.
/warnrestart[:x] Presents a dialog box with a timer warning the user that the computer will restart in x seconds. (The default setting is 30 seconds.) Intended for use with the /quiet switch or the /passive switch.
/promptrestart Displays a dialog box prompting the local user to allow a restart.
Special Options
/forceappsclose Forces other programs to close when the computer shuts down.
/log:path Allows the redirection of installation log files.

Verifying That the Update Has Been Applied

  • Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer

    To verify that a security update has been applied to an affected system, you may be able to use the Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer (MBSA) tool. See the section, Detection and Deployment Tools and Guidance, earlier in this bulletin for more information.

  • File Version Verification

    Because there are several editions of Microsoft Windows, the following steps may be different on your system. If they are, see your product documentation to complete these steps.

    1. Click Start, and then click Search.
    2. In the Search Results pane, click All files and folders under Search Companion.
    3. In the All or part of the file name box, type a file name from the appropriate file information table, and then click Search.
    4. In the list of files, right-click a file name from the appropriate file information table, and then click Properties.

      Note Depending on the edition of the operating system, or the programs that are installed on your system, some of the files that are listed in the file information table may not be installed.
    5. On the Version tab, determine the version of the file that is installed on your system by comparing it to the version that is documented in the appropriate file information table.

      Note Attributes other than the file version may change during installation. Comparing other file attributes to the information in the file information table is not a supported method of verifying that the update has been applied. Also, in certain cases, files may be renamed during installation. If the file or version information is not present, use one of the other available methods to verify update installation.
  • Registry Key Verification

    You may also be able to verify the files that this security update has installed by reviewing the registry keys listed in the Reference Table in this section.

    These registry keys may not contain a complete list of installed files. Also, these registry keys may not be created correctly when an administrator or an OEM integrates or slipstreams this security update into the Windows installation source files.

Windows Server 2003 (all editions)

Reference Table

The following table contains the security update information for this software. You can find additional information in the subsection, Deployment Information, in this section.

Inclusion in Future Service Packs The update for this issue will be included in a future service pack or update rollup
Deployment
Installing without user interventionFor all supported 32-bit editions of Windows Server 2003:
WindowsServer2003-KB2655992-x86-enu.exe /quiet
 For all supported x64-based editions of Windows Server 2003:
WindowsServer2003.WindowsXP-KB2655992-x64-enu.exe /quiet
For all supported Itanium-based editions of Windows Server 2003:
WindowsServer2003-KB2655992-ia64-enu.exe /quiet
Installing without restartingFor all supported 32-bit editions of Windows Server 2003:
WindowsServer2003-KB2655992-x86-enu.exe /norestart
 For all supported x64-based editions of Windows Server 2003:
WindowsServer2003.WindowsXP-KB2655992-x64-enu.exe /norestart
For all supported Itanium-based editions of Windows Server 2003:
WindowsServer2003-KB2655992-ia64-enu.exe /norestart
Update log fileKB2655992.log
Further informationSee the subsection, Detection and Deployment Tools and Guidance
Restart Requirement  
Restart required?Yes, you must restart your system after you apply this security update.
HotPatchingThis security update does not support HotPatching. For more information about HotPatching, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 897341.
Removal Information Use Add or Remove Programs item in Control Panel or the Spuninst.exe utility located in the %Windir%\$NTUninstallKB2655992$\Spuninst folder
File Information See Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 2655992
Registry Key Verification HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Updates\Windows Server 2003\SP3\KB2655992\Filelist

Note The update for supported versions of Windows Server 2003 x64 Edition also applies to supported versions of Windows XP Professional x64 Edition.

Deployment Information

Installing the Update

When you install this security update, the installer checks whether one or more of the files that are being updated on your system have previously been updated by a Microsoft hotfix.

If you have previously installed a hotfix to update one of these files, the installer copies the RTMQFE, SP1QFE, or SP2QFE files to your system. Otherwise, the installer copies the RTMGDR, SP1GDR, or SP2GDR files to your system. Security updates may not contain all variations of these files. For more information about this behavior, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 824994.

For more information about the installer, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 832475.

For more information about the terminology that appears in this bulletin, such as hotfix, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 824684.

This security update supports the following setup switches.

Supported Security Update Installation Switches
SwitchDescription
/help Displays the command-line options.
Setup Modes
/passive Unattended Setup mode. No user interaction is required, but installation status is displayed. If a restart is required at the end of Setup, a dialog box will be presented to the user with a timer warning that the computer will restart in 30 seconds.
/quiet Quiet mode. This is the same as unattended mode, but no status or error messages are displayed.
Restart Options
/norestart Does not restart when installation has completed.
/forcerestart Restarts the computer after installation and force other applications to close at shutdown without saving open files first.
/warnrestart[:x] Presents a dialog box with a timer warning the user that the computer will restart in x seconds. (The default setting is 30 seconds.) Intended for use with the /quiet switch or the /passive switch.
/promptrestart Displays a dialog box prompting the local user to allow a restart.
Special Options
/overwriteoem Overwrites OEM files without prompting.
/nobackup Does not back up files needed for uninstall.
/forceappsclose Forces other programs to close when the computer shuts down.
/log:path Allows the redirection of installation log files.
/integrate:path Integrates the update into the Windows source files. These files are located at the path that is specified in the switch.
/extract[:path] Extracts files without starting the Setup program.
/ER Enables extended error reporting.
/verbose Enables verbose logging. During installation, creates %Windir%\CabBuild.log. This log details the files that are copied. Using this switch may cause the installation to proceed more slowly.

Note You can combine these switches into one command. For backward compatibility, the security update also supports many of the setup switches that the earlier version of the Setup program uses. For more information about the supported installation switches, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 262841.

Removing the Update

This security update supports the following setup switches.

Supported Spuninst.exe Switches
SwitchDescription
/help Displays the command-line options.
Setup Modes
/passive Unattended Setup mode. No user interaction is required, but installation status is displayed. If a restart is required at the end of Setup, a dialog box will be presented to the user with a timer warning that the computer will restart in 30 seconds.
/quiet Quiet mode. This is the same as unattended mode, but no status or error messages are displayed.
Restart Options
/norestart Does not restart when installation has completed.
/forcerestart Restarts the computer after installation and force other applications to close at shutdown without saving open files first.
/warnrestart[:x] Presents a dialog box with a timer warning the user that the computer will restart in x seconds. (The default setting is 30 seconds.) Intended for use with the /quiet switch or the /passive switch.
/promptrestart Displays a dialog box prompting the local user to allow a restart.
Special Options
/forceappsclose Forces other programs to close when the computer shuts down.
/log:path Allows the redirection of installation log files.

Verifying that the Update Has Been Applied

  • Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer

    To verify that a security update has been applied to an affected system, you may be able to use the Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer (MBSA) tool. See the section, Detection and Deployment Tools and Guidance, earlier in this bulletin for more information.

  • File Version Verification

    Because there are several editions of Microsoft Windows, the following steps may be different on your system. If they are, see your product documentation to complete these steps.

    1. Click Start, and then click Search.
    2. In the Search Results pane, click All files and folders under Search Companion.
    3. In the All or part of the file name box, type a file name from the appropriate file information table, and then click Search.
    4. In the list of files, right-click a file name from the appropriate file information table, and then click Properties.

      Note Depending on the edition of the operating system, or the programs that are installed on your system, some of the files that are listed in the file information table may not be installed.
    5. On the Version tab, determine the version of the file that is installed on your system by comparing it to the version that is documented in the appropriate file information table.

      Note Attributes other than the file version may change during installation. Comparing other file attributes to the information in the file information table is not a supported method of verifying that the update has been applied. Also, in certain cases, files may be renamed during installation. If the file or version information is not present, use one of the other available methods to verify update installation.
  • Registry Key Verification

    You may also be able to verify the files that this security update has installed by reviewing the registry keys listed in the Reference Table in this section.

    These registry keys may not contain a complete list of installed files. Also, these registry keys may not be created correctly when an administrator or an OEM integrates or slipstreams this security update into the Windows installation source files.

Windows Vista (all editions)

Reference Table

The following table contains the security update information for this software. You can find additional information in the subsection, Deployment Information, in this section.

Inclusion in Future Service Packs The update for this issue will be included in a future service pack or update rollup
Deployment  
Installing without user interventionFor all supported 32-bit editions of Windows Vista:
Windows6.0-KB2655992-x86.msu /quiet
For all supported x64-based editions of Windows Vista:
Windows6.0-KB2655992-x64.msu /quiet
Installing without restartingFor all supported 32-bit editions of Windows Vista:
Windows6.0-KB2655992-x86.msu /quiet /norestart
For all supported x64-based editions of Windows Vista:
Windows6.0-KB2655992-x64.msu /quiet /norestart
Further informationSee the subsection, Detection and Deployment Tools and Guidance
Restart Requirement  
Restart required?Yes, you must restart your system after you apply this security update.
HotPatchingNot applicable.
Removal Information WUSA.exe does not support uninstall of updates. To uninstall an update installed by WUSA, click Control Panel, and then click Security. Under Windows Update, click View installed updates and select from the list of updates.
File Information See Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 2655992
Registry Key Verification Note A registry key does not exist to validate the presence of this update.

Deployment Information

Installing the Update

When you install this security update, the installer checks whether one or more of the files that are being updated on your system have previously been updated by a Microsoft hotfix.

For more information about the terminology that appears in this bulletin, such as hotfix, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 824684.

This security update supports the following setup switches.

Supported Security Update Installation Switches
SwitchDescription
/?, /h, /help Displays help on supported switches.
/quiet Suppresses the display of status or error messages.
/norestart When combined with /quiet, the system will not be restarted after installation even if a restart is required to complete installation.

Note For more information about the wusa.exe installer, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 934307.

Verifying That the Update Has Been Applied

  • Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer

    To verify that a security update has been applied to an affected system, you may be able to use the Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer (MBSA) tool. See the section, Detection and Deployment Tools and Guidance, earlier in this bulletin for more information.

  • File Version Verification

    Because there are several editions of Microsoft Windows, the following steps may be different on your system. If they are, see your product documentation to complete these steps.

    1. Click Start and then enter an update file name in the Start Search box.
    2. When the file appears under Programs, right-click the file name and click Properties.
    3. On the General tab, compare the file size with the file information tables provided in the bulletin KB article.

      Note Depending on the edition of the operating system, or the programs that are installed on your system, some of the files that are listed in the file information table may not be installed.
    4. You can also click the Details tab and compare information, such as file version and date modified, with the file information tables provided in the bulletin KB article.

      Note Attributes other than the file version may change during installation. Comparing other file attributes to the information in the file information table is not a supported method of verifying that the update has been applied. Also, in certain cases, files may be renamed during installation. If the file or version information is not present, use one of the other available methods to verify update installation.
    5. Finally, you can also click the Previous Versions tab and compare file information for the previous version of the file with the file information for the new, or updated, version of the file.

Windows Server 2008 (all editions)

Reference Table

The following table contains the security update information for this software. You can find additional information in the subsection, Deployment Information, in this section.

Inclusion in Future Service Packs The update for this issue will be included in a future service pack or update rollup
Deployment  
Installing without user interventionFor all supported 32-bit editions of Windows Server 2008:
Windows6.0-KB2655992-x86.msu /quiet
For all supported x64-based editions of Windows Server 2008:
Windows6.0-KB2655992-x64.msu /quiet
For all supported Itanium-based editions of Windows Server 2008:
Windows6.0-KB2655992-ia64.msu /quiet
Installing without restartingFor all supported 32-bit editions of Windows Server 2008:
Windows6.0-KB2655992-x86.msu /quiet /norestart
For all supported x64-based editions of Windows Server 2008:
Windows6.0-KB2655992-x64.msu /quiet /norestart
For all supported Itanium-based editions of Windows Server 2008:
Windows6.0-KB2655992-ia64.msu /quiet /norestart
Further informationSee the subsection, Detection and Deployment Tools and Guidance
Restart Requirement  
Restart required?Yes, you must restart your system after you apply this security update.
HotPatchingNot applicable.
Removal Information WUSA.exe does not support uninstall of updates. To uninstall an update installed by WUSA, click Control Panel, and then click Security. Under Windows Update, click View installed updates and select from the list of updates.
File Information See Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 2655992
Registry Key Verification Note A registry key does not exist to validate the presence of this update.

Deployment Information

Installing the Update

When you install this security update, the installer checks whether one or more of the files that are being updated on your system have previously been updated by a Microsoft hotfix.

For more information about the terminology that appears in this bulletin, such as hotfix, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 824684.

This security update supports the following setup switches.

Supported Security Update Installation Switches
SwitchDescription
/?, /h, /help Displays help on supported switches.
/quiet Suppresses the display of status or error messages.
/norestart When combined with /quiet, the system will not be restarted after installation even if a restart is required to complete installation.

Note For more information about the wusa.exe installer, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 934307.

Verifying That the Update Has Been Applied

  • Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer

    To verify that a security update has been applied to an affected system, you may be able to use the Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer (MBSA) tool. See the section, Detection and Deployment Tools and Guidance, earlier in this bulletin for more information.

  • File Version Verification

    Because there are several editions of Microsoft Windows, the following steps may be different on your system. If they are, see your product documentation to complete these steps.

    1. Click Start and then enter an update file name in the Start Search box.
    2. When the file appears under Programs, right-click the file name and click Properties.
    3. On the General tab, compare the file size with the file information tables provided in the bulletin KB article.

      Note Depending on the edition of the operating system, or the programs that are installed on your system, some of the files that are listed in the file information table may not be installed.
    4. You can also click the Details tab and compare information, such as file version and date modified, with the file information tables provided in the bulletin KB article.

      Note Attributes other than the file version may change during installation. Comparing other file attributes to the information in the file information table is not a supported method of verifying that the update has been applied. Also, in certain cases, files may be renamed during installation. If the file or version information is not present, use one of the other available methods to verify update installation.
    5. Finally, you can also click the Previous Versions tab and compare file information for the previous version of the file with the file information for the new, or updated, version of the file.

Windows 7 (all editions)

Reference Table

The following table contains the security update information for this software. You can find additional information in the subsection, Deployment Information, in this section.

Inclusion in Future Service Packs The update for this issue will be included in a future service pack or update rollup
Deployment  
Installing without user interventionFor all supported 32-bit editions of Windows 7:
Windows6.1-KB2655992-x86.msu /quiet
For all supported x64-based editions of Windows 7:
Windows6.1-KB2655992-x64.msu /quiet
Installing without restartingFor all supported 32-bit editions of Windows 7:
Windows6.1-KB2655992-x86.msu /quiet /norestart
For all supported x64-based editions of Windows 7:
Windows6.1-KB2655992-x64.msu /quiet /norestart
Further informationSee the subsection, Detection and Deployment Tools and Guidance
Restart Requirement  
Restart required?Yes, you must restart your system after you apply this security update.
HotPatchingNot applicable.
Removal Information To uninstall an update installed by WUSA, use the /Uninstall setup switch or click Control Panel, click System and Security, and then under Windows Update, click View installed updates and select from the list of updates.
File Information See Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 2655992
Registry Key Verification Note A registry key does not exist to validate the presence of this update.

Deployment Information

Installing the Update

When you install this security update, the installer checks whether one or more of the files that are being updated on your system have previously been updated by a Microsoft hotfix.

For more information about the terminology that appears in this bulletin, such as hotfix, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 824684.

This security update supports the following setup switches.

Supported Security Update Installation Switches
SwitchDescription
/?, /h, /help Displays help on supported switches.
/quiet Suppresses the display of status or error messages.
/norestart When combined with /quiet, the system will not be restarted after installation even if a restart is required to complete installation.
/warnrestart :<seconds> When combined with /quiet, the installer will warn the user before initiating restart.
/promptrestart When combined with /quiet, the installer will prompt before initiating restart.
/forcerestart When combined with /quiet, the installer will forcefully close applications and initiate restart.
/log:<file name> Enables logging to specified file.
/extract:<destination> Extracts the package contents to the destination folder.
/uninstall /kb:<KB Number> Uninstalls the security update.

Note For more information about the wusa.exe installer, see "Windows Update Stand-alone Installer" in the TechNet article, Miscellaneous Changes in Windows 7.

Verifying That the Update Has Been Applied

  • Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer

    To verify that a security update has been applied to an affected system, you may be able to use the Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer (MBSA) tool. See the section, Detection and Deployment Tools and Guidance, earlier in this bulletin for more information.

  • File Version Verification

    Because there are several editions of Microsoft Windows, the following steps may be different on your system. If they are, see your product documentation to complete these steps.

    1. Click Start and then enter an update file name in the Search box.
    2. When the file appears under Programs, right-click the file name and click Properties.
    3. On the General tab, compare the file size with the file information tables provided in the bulletin KB article.

      Note Depending on the edition of the operating system, or the programs that are installed on your system, some of the files that are listed in the file information table may not be installed.
    4. You can also click the Details tab and compare information, such as file version and date modified, with the file information tables provided in the bulletin KB article.

      Note Attributes other than the file version may change during installation. Comparing other file attributes to the information in the file information table is not a supported method of verifying that the update has been applied. Also, in certain cases, files may be renamed during installation. If the file or version information is not present, use one of the other available methods to verify update installation.
    5. Finally, you can also click the Previous Versions tab and compare file information for the previous version of the file with the file information for the new, or updated, version of the file.

Windows Server 2008 R2 (all editions)

Reference Table

The following table contains the security update information for this software. You can find additional information in the subsection, Deployment Information, in this section.

Inclusion in Future Service Packs The update for this issue will be included in a future service pack or update rollup
Deployment  
Installing without user interventionFor all supported x64-based editions of Windows Server 2008 R2:
Windows6.1-KB2655992-x64.msu /quiet
For all supported Itanium-based editions of Windows Server 2008 R2:
Windows6.1-KB2655992-ia64.msu /quiet
Installing without restartingFor all supported x64-based editions of Windows Server 2008 R2:
Windows6.1-KB2655992-x64.msu /quiet /norestart
For all supported Itanium-based editions of Windows Server 2008 R2:
Windows6.1-KB2655992-ia64.msu /quiet /norestart
Further informationSee the subsection, Detection and Deployment Tools and Guidance
Restart Requirement  
Restart required?Yes, you must restart your system after you apply this security update.
HotPatchingNot applicable.
Removal Information To uninstall an update installed by WUSA, use the /Uninstall setup switch or click Control Panel, click System and Security, and then under Windows Update, click View installed updates and select from the list of updates.
File Information See Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 2655992
Registry Key Verification Note A registry key does not exist to validate the presence of this update.

Deployment Information

Installing the Update

When you install this security update, the installer checks whether one or more of the files that are being updated on your system have previously been updated by a Microsoft hotfix.

For more information about the terminology that appears in this bulletin, such as hotfix, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 824684.

This security update supports the following setup switches.

Supported Security Update Installation Switches
SwitchDescription
/?, /h, /help Displays help on supported switches.
/quiet Suppresses the display of status or error messages.
/norestart When combined with /quiet, the system will not be restarted after installation even if a restart is required to complete installation.
/warnrestart :<seconds> When combined with /quiet, the installer will warn the user before initiating restart.
/promptrestart When combined with /quiet, the installer will prompt before initiating restart.
/forcerestart When combined with /quiet, the installer will forcefully close applications and initiate restart.
/log:<file name> Enables logging to specified file.
/extract:<destination> Extracts the package contents to the destination folder.
/uninstall /kb:<KB Number> Uninstalls the security update.

Note For more information about the wusa.exe installer, see "Windows Update Stand-alone Installer" in the TechNet article, Miscellaneous Changes in Windows 7.

Verifying That the Update Has Been Applied

  • Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer

    To verify that a security update has been applied to an affected system, you may be able to use the Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer (MBSA) tool. See the section, Detection and Deployment Tools and Guidance, earlier in this bulletin for more information.

  • File Version Verification

    Because there are several editions of Microsoft Windows, the following steps may be different on your system. If they are, see your product documentation to complete these steps.

    1. Click Start and then enter an update file name in the Start Search box.
    2. When the file appears under Programs, right-click the file name and click Properties.
    3. On the General tab, compare the file size with the file information tables provided in the bulletin KB article.

      Note Depending on the edition of the operating system, or the programs that are installed on your system, some of the files that are listed in the file information table may not be installed.
    4. You can also click the Details tab and compare information, such as file version and date modified, with the file information tables provided in the bulletin KB article.

      Note Attributes other than the file version may change during installation. Comparing other file attributes to the information in the file information table is not a supported method of verifying that the update has been applied. Also, in certain cases, files may be renamed during installation. If the file or version information is not present, use one of the other available methods to verify update installation.
    5. Finally, you can also click the Previous Versions tab and compare file information for the previous version of the file with the file information for the new, or updated, version of the file.

Other Information

Microsoft Active Protections Program (MAPP)

To improve security protections for customers, Microsoft provides vulnerability information to major security software providers in advance of each monthly security update release. Security software providers can then use this vulnerability information to provide updated protections to customers via their security software or devices, such as antivirus, network-based intrusion detection systems, or host-based intrusion prevention systems. To determine whether active protections are available from security software providers, please visit the active protections websites provided by program partners, listed in Microsoft Active Protections Program (MAPP) Partners.

Support

How to obtain help and support for this security update

Disclaimer

The information provided in the Microsoft Knowledge Base is provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Microsoft disclaims all warranties, either express or implied, including the warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. In no event shall Microsoft Corporation or its suppliers be liable for any damages whatsoever including direct, indirect, incidental, consequential, loss of business profits or special damages, even if Microsoft Corporation or its suppliers have been advised of the possibility of such damages. Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of liability for consequential or incidental damages so the foregoing limitation may not apply.

Revisions

  • V1.0 (July 10, 2012): Bulletin published.
  • V1.1 (July 9, 2013): Bulletin revised to announce a detection change in the Windows Vista packages for the 2655992 update to correct a Windows Update reoffering issue. This is a detection change only. Customers who have already successfully updated their systems do not need to take any action.

Built at 2014-04-18T13:49:36Z-07:00

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