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Planning for Interoperability with AD FS 1.x

Bill Mathers|Last Updated: 2/22/2017

Applies To: Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012

Active Directory Federation Services (AD FS) federation servers running Windows Server® 2012 can interoperate with both an AD FS 1.0 (installed with Windows Server 2003 R2) Federation Service and an AD FS 1.1 (installed with Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2) Federation Service. Any of the following interoperability combinations are supported:

Note

AD FS does not support or interoperate with the AD FS 1.x Windows NT token–based Web agent.

An AD FS 1.x-compatible claim is a claim that can be sent by an AD FS Federation Service in Windows Server 2012 and understood by an AD FS 1.x Federation Service. So that an AD FS 1.x Federation Service can consume the claims that an AD FS Federation Service sends, a Name Identifier (ID) claim type must be sent.

Understanding the Name ID claim type

The Name ID claim type is the equivalent of the identity claim type that AD FS 1.x uses. It must be used whenever you want to interoperate with AD FS 1.x. The Name ID claim type enables either an AD FS 1.x Federation Service or the AD FS 1.x claims-aware Web agent to consume claims that AD FS in Windows Server 2012 sends, as long as these claims are sent in one of the Name ID formats in the following table.

Name ID formatCorresponding URI
AD FS 1.x Email Addresshttp://schemas.xmlsoap.org/claims/EmailAddress
AD FS 1.x Email UPNhttp://schemas.xmlsoap.org/claims/UPN
Common Namehttp://schemas.xmlsoap.org/claims/CommonName
Grouphttp://schemas.xmlsoap.org/claims/Group

Only one Name ID claim in the appropriate format must be sent. When that criterion is satisfied, many other claims may be sent as well, assuming that they conform to the restrictions described in the table.

Note

An AD FS 1.x Federation Service can interpret only incoming claim types that begin with the Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) of http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/claims/.

See Also

AD FS Design Guide in Windows Server 2012

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