About preparing hierarchy data

PerformancePoint Server 2007

更新: 2009-04-30

This topic includes information about what it means to create a hierarchy and the different ways that you can create hierarchies for loading data to the application database.

To learn how to prepare hierarchy data for loading to the staging database, see one of the following topics:

Hierarchy Creation

A hierarchy is a structured organization of a subset of dimension members. The structured organization of a hierarchy is a parent-child relationship between dimension members. Hierarchies are used to help describe data in a fact table and to define the data rollup that is required by parent members. A dimension can contain one or more hierarchies.

规划服务器 supports the following methods for creating a hierarchy for a dimension. You can create hierarchies in the following ways:

  1. In the staging database, hierarchies can be populated from other source systems during data preparation in Step 3: Populating the staging database (a manual process).

  2. In the staging database, hierarchies can be created during data preparation by using the bsp_DI_CreateHierarchyFromDimension stored procedure. To learn more, see Populate a property-based hierarchy.

    注意注意:

    Before you create or populate a hierarchy in the staging database, you must create an empty member set in 规划业务建模器 and then synchronize the staging database. See Step 2: Synchronizing the staging database.

The following assumptions apply to population of hierarchies:

  • The dimension is loaded with valid data and, for a hierarchy that is based on dimension properties, custom properties are created.

  • Synchronization is performed to copy the hierarchy structure to the staging database.

Hierarchy Example

The following information is an example of a dimension, a related hierarchy, and a visual representation of the hierarchy. The number of rows and columns is reduced for illustration.

D_BusinessProcess Dimension

The following table shows a simplified example of the D_BusinessProcess dimension.

MemberID Label Description

2

CONSOLIDATED

Consolidated value

3

ELIMINATION

Elimination

7

AUTOADJ

Automatic adjustment

8

INPUT

Input

9

MANADJ

Manual adjustment

10

ALLOC

Allocations

11

PREALLOC

Before allocations

12

POASALLOC

Post allocated value

H_BusinessProcess_Standard Hierarchy Table

The H_BusinessProcess_Standard hierarchy is created as a system hierarchy for the D_BusinessProcess dimension. In the following table, the H_BusinessProcess_Standard hierarchy is represented by mapping each MemberID to a ParentMemberID in a parent-child relationship.

RowID MemberID ParentMemberID

1

12

2

2

10

12

3

11

12

4

8

11

5

9

11

6

7

11

10

2

0

12

3

2

Hierarchies That Are Based on Dimension Properties

A dimension can be populated or defined in 规划业务建模器. A custom property, such as a parent or category name, is mapped to the label of a dimension. If the property value is correctly mapped, a dimension hierarchy can be created by using the Label and custom property in the dimension. The following table shows a simplified example of an account dimension hierarchy that uses the Label and AccountHierarchyProperty custom property for a parent-child relationship.

MemberID Label AccountHierarchyProperty Name

15094

1

NULL

Retained profit for the period

15095

2

1

Profit for financial period

15092

3

1

Dividend expense to group companies

15093

4

1

Dividend to minority shareholders

As a result, the visual representation of the account dimension hierarchy lets users view accounts as they roll up to their respective parent account, as follows.

  1. Retained profit for the period

    1. Profit for financial period

    2. Dividend expense to group companies

    3. Dividend to minority shareholders

To learn how to create a hierarchy that is based on labels or dimension properties, see Populate a property-based hierarchy.

Download this book

This topic is included in the following downloadable book for easier reading and printing:

See the full list of available books at Downloadable content for PerformancePoint Planning Server.

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