如何自动进行索引维护

PerformancePoint Server 2007

更新: 2009-04-30

下面的脚本检查 规划服务器数据库的所有索引并查找那些平均碎片超过 10% 的索引。 然后,根据碎片的程度,它为这些索引执行重新组织索引或重建索引操作。

示例

示例查询

-- ensure a USE <databasename> statement has been executed first.
SET NOCOUNT ON;
DECLARE @objectid int;
DECLARE @indexid int;
DECLARE @partitioncount bigint;
DECLARE @schemaname sysname;
DECLARE @objectname sysname;
DECLARE @indexname sysname;
DECLARE @partitionnum bigint;
DECLARE @partitions bigint;
DECLARE @frag float;
DECLARE @command varchar(8000);
-- ensure the temporary table does not exist
IF EXISTS (SELECT name FROM sys.objects WHERE name = 'work_to_do')
    DROP TABLE work_to_do;
-- conditionally select from the function, converting object and index IDs to names.
SELECT
    object_id AS objectid,
    index_id AS indexid,
    partition_number AS partitionnum,
    avg_fragmentation_in_percent AS frag
INTO work_to_do
FROM sys.dm_db_index_physical_stats (DB_ID(), NULL, NULL , NULL, 'LIMITED')
WHERE avg_fragmentation_in_percent > 10.0 AND index_id > 0;
-- Declare the cursor for the list of partitions to be processed.
DECLARE partitions CURSOR FOR SELECT * FROM work_to_do;

-- Open the cursor.
OPEN partitions;

-- Loop through the partitions.
FETCH NEXT
   FROM partitions
   INTO @objectid, @indexid, @partitionnum, @frag;

WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0
    BEGIN;
        SELECT @objectname = o.name, @schemaname = s.name
        FROM sys.objects AS o
        JOIN sys.schemas as s ON s.schema_id = o.schema_id
        WHERE o.object_id = @objectid;

        SELECT @indexname = name 
        FROM sys.indexes
        WHERE  object_id = @objectid AND index_id = @indexid;

        SELECT @partitioncount = count (*) 
        FROM sys.partitions
        WHERE object_id = @objectid AND index_id = @indexid;

-- 30 is an arbitrary decision point at which to switch between reorganizing and rebuilding
IF @frag < 30.0
    BEGIN;
    SELECT @command = 'ALTER INDEX [' + @indexname + '] ON ' + @schemaname + '.[' + @objectname + '] REORGANIZE';
    IF @partitioncount > 1
        SELECT @command = @command + ' PARTITION=' + CONVERT (CHAR, @partitionnum);

    EXEC (@command);
    END;

IF @frag >= 30.0
    BEGIN;
    SELECT @command = 'ALTER INDEX [' + @indexname +'] ON ' + @schemaname + '.[' + @objectname + '] REBUILD';
    IF @partitioncount > 1
        SELECT @command = @command + ' PARTITION=' + CONVERT (CHAR, @partitionnum);

    EXEC (@command);
    END;
PRINT 'Executed ' + @command;

FETCH NEXT FROM partitions INTO @objectid, @indexid, @partitionnum, @frag;
END;
-- Close and deallocate the cursor.
CLOSE partitions;
DEALLOCATE partitions;

-- drop the temporary table
IF EXISTS (SELECT name FROM sys.objects WHERE name = 'work_to_do')
    DROP TABLE work_to_do;
GO

示例结果

下面的结果是对规划应用数据库运行此查询得到的示例结果。

Executed ALTER INDEX XPKAsyncWorkItems ON dbo.AsyncWorkItems REBUILD

Executed ALTER INDEX XPKAsyncWorkItemStatusHistory ON dbo.AsyncWorkItemStatusHistory REBUILD

Executed ALTER INDEX XPKWorkbooks ON dbo.Workbooks REBUILD

Executed ALTER INDEX XPKRecurrentCycles ON dbo.RecurrentCycles REBUILD

Executed ALTER INDEX XPKCycleInstances ON dbo.CycleInstances REBUILD

Executed ALTER INDEX XPKAG_AccountType ON dbo.AG_AccountType REBUILD

Executed ALTER INDEX XPKAssignmentDefinitions ON dbo.AssignmentDefinitions REBUILD

Executed ALTER INDEX XPKD_Account ON dbo.D_Account REBUILD

Executed ALTER INDEX XD_Account_Label_U ON dbo.D_Account REBUILD

Executed ALTER INDEX XPKAssignments ON dbo.Assignments REBUILD

Executed ALTER INDEX MG_ConsolidationModel_MeasureGroup_default_partition_PK ON dbo.MG_ConsolidationModel_MeasureGroup_default_partition REBUILD

Executed ALTER INDEX H_Account_Consolidation_PK ON dbo.H_Account_Consolidation REBUILD

Executed ALTER INDEX D_Product_PK ON dbo.D_Product REBUILD

Executed ALTER INDEX H_Product_ResortProducts_PK ON dbo.H_Product_ResortProducts REBUILD

Executed ALTER INDEX MG_Corporate Costs_MeasureGroup_default_partition_PK ON dbo.MG_Corporate Costs_MeasureGroup_default_partition REORGANIZE

Executed ALTER INDEX XPKRuleSetsOrRules ON dbo.RuleSetsOrRules REBUILD

Executed ALTER INDEX RuleSetsOrRules_GUID_U ON dbo.RuleSetsOrRules REBUILD

Executed ALTER INDEX RuleSetsOrRules_Label_U ON dbo.RuleSetsOrRules REBUILD

Executed ALTER INDEX XPKRuleSets_Rules_Assoc ON dbo.RuleSets_Rules_Assoc REBUILD

Executed ALTER INDEX XPKBizRoles ON dbo.BizRoles REBUILD

Executed ALTER INDEX H_HR_HR_PK ON dbo.H_HR_HR REORGANIZE

Executed ALTER INDEX XPKBizDataPermissions ON dbo.BizDataPermissions REBUILD

数据库管理员可以自定义上述脚本,以便以不同的频率重建或重新组织不同的索引。例如,您可以修改该脚本,以便每天都重建或重新组织一次度量值组表的聚集索引,而其他索引则每周重建或重新组织一次。

另请参阅

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