(JPN) Reduction entry for fixed assets [AX 2012]

Updated: December 4, 2013

Applies To: Microsoft Dynamics AX 2012 R3, Microsoft Dynamics AX 2012 R2

When you acquire a fixed asset using a government subsidy, the subsidy is treated as taxable revenue. You can use the following reduction entry methods to record the government subsidy for a fixed asset acquisition:

  • Direct-off method – The government subsidy amount is deducted directly from the acquisition cost of the fixed asset.

  • Reserve method – The government subsidy amount is maintained as a separate value on the equity side of the balance sheet. The government subsidy amount does not affect the net book value of the fixed asset.

NoteNote

This topic does not apply to versions of Microsoft Dynamics AX 2012 prior to cumulative update 7 for AX 2012 R2.

If you calculate depreciation for a fixed asset that you acquire using the subsidy, Microsoft Dynamics AX adjusts the calculations for depreciation and threshold depending on the subsidy for the fixed asset.

A reduction entry document is a document that you can attach to a fixed asset that is sponsored using a government subsidy. The reduction entry certificate contains the details about the government subsidy, such as the reduction entry method, depreciation convention, reason, validity, and subsidy threshold. AX 2012 R2 uses the details of the reduction entry document to calculate and post reduction entry amounts.

You can perform the following tasks to use reduction entry for fixed asset acquisition:

  • Set up a reduction entry document that is used to identify the fixed assets that are eligible for subsidy.

  • Assign a reduction entry document to a fixed asset. Alternatively, you can assign a reduction entry document to multiple fixed assets.

  • Set up a fixed asset posting profile for a reduction entry.

  • Create and post a fixed asset journal by specifying the reduction entry details.

  • Create and post a purchase order to use the subsidy for additional fixed asset acquisitions.

  • When you run a depreciation proposal, AX 2012 R2 automatically calculates and posts the allocation of reduction entry along with the depreciation process.

  • Set up and run a batch process to assign the reduction entry documents to fixed assets periodically by specifying the criteria, such as fixed asset groups and periods.

  • If claiming a government grant after acquiring fixed assets is required, you can generate a reduction entry proposal for fixed assets by attaching the reduction entry document to the proposal.

You can apply reduction entry to a fixed asset that is eligible for government subsidy. You can use the direct-off method to set up AX 2012 R2 to deduct the government subsidy amount directly from the acquisition cost of the fixed asset. Alternatively, you can use the reserve method to maintain the government subsidy as a separate value on the equity side of the balance sheet. The government subsidy amount does not affect the net book value of the fixed asset.

Yes. You can use the Mass update for reduction entry document form to assign a reduction entry document to multiple fixed assets.

Yes. You can attach a reduction entry document to a fixed asset. When you create and post a purchase order to acquire the fixed asset, the subsidy amount is posted automatically.

Yes. You can generate the Reduction entry transaction summary report that contains details about the reduction entry transactions based on the criteria that you specify, such as fiscal year, reduction entry method, and book type.

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