(RUS) Calculate or reverse depreciation using the tax group non-linear depreciation method [AX 2012]

Updated: November 21, 2012

Applies To: Microsoft Dynamics AX 2012 R3, Microsoft Dynamics AX 2012 R2

You can calculate depreciation in tax accounting by using the linear method or the non-linear method. You can also calculate tax depreciation by using the tax non-linear group depreciation method. This method allows you to specify a depreciation rate for each group, or a depreciation factor for each subgroup, to calculate the depreciation amount that is accrued for each depreciation group or subgroup.

You can group the depreciation register lines by depreciation group or subgroup by using the FA depreciation (nonlinear method), IA depreciation (nonlinear method), FA - information about object, and IA - object information tax registers. For more information, see (RUS) Calculate the fixed assets depreciation (nonlinear method) register and (RUS) Calculate the fixed asset depreciation register.

Use the following procedures to set up a method of depreciation, and to calculate or reverse depreciation by using the tax group non-linear depreciation method.

You can create a tax non-linear group depreciation method in the Depreciation methods form. For more information, see (RUS) Set up depreciation methods and 折旧方法和惯例.

  1. Click Fixed assets (Russia) > Setup > Depreciation groups.

  2. In the Value model field, select the value model that the depreciation group is defined for.

    NoteNote

    You must specify the posting layer as Tax for the selected value model in the Value models form.

  3. Create a new depreciation group. For more information, see (RUS) Set up depreciation groups.

  4. In the Depreciation group and Name fields, enter the depreciation group and name.

  5. In the Depreciation method field, select the Tax nonlinear method of depreciation.

  6. In the Lifetime field, enter the maximum asset service life, during which depreciation accrues for the fixed assets in the depreciation group. The value is expressed in months.

  7. In the Year rate field, enter the depreciation rate for the year.

    NoteNote

    This field is available only if you select Tax nonlinear group method as the method of depreciation.

  8. On the Subgroups FastTab, in the Depreciation subgroup field, enter the identification code of the depreciation subgroup.

    NoteNote

    This FastTab is available only if you select Tax nonlinear group method as the method of depreciation.

  9. In the Name field, enter the name of the depreciation subgroup.

  10. In the Factor field, enter the depreciation calculation ratio.

  1. Click Fixed assets (Russia) > Journals > FA journal.

  2. Create a new journal.

  3. In the Name field, select a journal name.

  4. In the Description field, modify the description of the journal.

  5. Click Lines to open the Journal voucher form.

  6. Click Group operations > Depreciation by group to open the Depreciation by group form.

    NoteNote

    If you select the Tax nonlinear group method as the depreciation method, you cannot calculate the depreciation for a tax value model by using the single or group depreciation function.

  7. In the Transaction date field, select the date of the transaction.

  8. Click Select to open the Inquiry form, and then enter the selection criteria for the fixed assets.

  9. Click OK. Depreciation transactions are created in the journal.

  10. Click Validate > Validate to validate the journal.

  11. Click Post > Post to post the journal. Corresponding fixed asset and ledger transactions are created.

  1. Click Fixed assets (Russia) > Journals > FA journal.

  2. Create a new journal.

  3. In the Name field, select a journal name.

  4. In the Description field, modify the description of the journal.

  5. Click Lines to open the Journal voucher form.

  6. Click Group operations > Storno of depreciation to open the Storno of depreciation form.

  7. In the Date of storno field, select a date for the depreciation reversal.

  8. In the Accounting field, select a fixed asset value model.

  9. Click OK. Depreciation reversal transactions are created in the journal.

  10. Click Validate > Validate to validate the journal.

  11. Click Post > Post to post the journal. The fixed asset depreciation transaction is reversed, and the ledger transaction is updated.

The depreciation bonus is an additional depreciation amount that is assessed during the first year for some operational asset types. You must set up a posting profile and create an acquisition journal before you calculate the fixed asset depreciation bonus.

Use the Depreciation bonus form to calculate the depreciation bonus for fixed assets by using the Tax nonlinear group method as the depreciation method. When you create the depreciation transactions, a depreciated bonus is calculated for every asset. The bonus amount is calculated first, and then the depreciation from the cost is calculated, excluding the bonus. The bonus amount is not included in the total balance of the depreciation group.


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