本文為機器翻譯文章。如需檢視英文版,請選取 [原文] 核取方塊。您也可以將滑鼠指標移到文字上,即可在快顯視窗顯示英文原文。
譯文
原文

記錄 SharePoint 2013 的伺服器陣列組態設定

 

適用版本:SharePoint Foundation 2013, SharePoint Server 2013

上次修改主題的時間:2016-12-16

摘要:了解如何記錄 SharePoint 2013 中的伺服器陣列組態設定。

您可以使用 Windows PowerShell 來記錄 SharePoint 2013 中的伺服器陣列組態設定。

本文內容:

記錄組態設定非常重要,因為這使您不僅可以為環境建立指令碼化部署,還可以在出現故障時,快速重新建立一組設定。

注意事項 附註:
因為 SharePoint 2013 在 Internet Information Services (IIS) 中以網站形式運作,所以管理員與使用者均依賴瀏覽器提供的協助工具功能。SharePoint 2013 支援所支援瀏覽器的協助工具功能。如需詳細資訊,請參閱下列資源:

下列程序說明如何針對 SharePoint Server 2013 建立和執行 Windows PowerShell 指令檔。下一個程序說明如何針對 SharePoint Foundation 2013 建立和執行 Windows PowerShell。然後您就可以在出現故障時,使用這些指令檔來還原伺服器陣列組態設定。

使用 Windows PowerShell 記錄 SharePoint Server 2013 組態設定
  1. 確認您具備下列成員身分:

    • SQL Server 執行個體上的 securityadmin 固定伺服器角色。

    • 待更新之所有資料庫上的 db_owner 固定資料庫角色。

    • 正在執行 Windows PowerShell Cmdlet 之所在伺服器上的管理員群組。

    • 您必須閱讀 about_Execution_Policies (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?LinkId=193050)。

    管理員可以使用 Add-SPShellAdmin Cmdlet 來授與使用 SharePoint 2013 Cmdlet 的權限。

    注意事項 附註:
    如果您不具備上述權限,請連絡安裝程式系統管理員或 SQL Server 系統管理員要求權限。如需 Windows PowerShell 權限的其他資訊,請參閱<權限>與 Add-SPShellAdmin
  2. 使用 [記事本] 等文字編輯器來建立文字檔,然後將下列程式碼貼入檔案。範例中的命令將會建立 XML 檔案,這些文件可以記錄目前伺服器陣列中 Web 應用程式與服務應用程式的設定。僅選擇與環境相關的那些命令。

    ##
    ## Common SharePoint configuration settings
    ##
    #Retrieve Web Application information. The default depth of 2 does not return much detail--we recommend that you use a depth of 4 for this cmdlet.
    Get-SPWebApplication | Export-Clixml .\WebAppFilename.xml -depth 4
    
    #Retrieve custom layout information. 
    Get-SPWebApplication | Get-SPCustomLayoutsPage | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPCustomLayoutsPage.xml
    
    #Determine how SharePoint designer access is configured.
    Get-SPWebApplication | Get-SPDesignerSettings  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPDesignerSettings.xml
    
    #Retrieve information about alternate access mapping
    Get-SPAlternateURL  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPAlternateURL.xml
    
    #Retrieve information about content databases
    Get-SPContentDatabase  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPContentDatabase.xml
    
    #Retrieve database properties for each database
    Get-SPDatabase  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPDatabase.xml
    
    #Retrieve information about all SharePoint Products installed in the farm, and the versions of all updates installed for each product.
    Get-SPProduct  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPProduct.xml
    
    #Retrieve farm information
    Get-SPFarm  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPFarm.xml
    Get-SPFarmConfig  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPFarmConfig.xml
    
    #Retrieve information about the servers in the farm
    Get-SPServer  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPServer.xml
    
    #Retrieve information about installed features
    Get-SPFeature  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPFeature.xml
    
    #Retrieve information about globally-installed site templates
    Get-SPWebTemplate  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPWebTemplate.xml
    
    #Retrieve information about deployed solutions
    Get-SPSolution  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPSolution.xml
    
    #Retrieve information about sandboxed solutions deployed in a site collection
    Get-SPSite | Get-SPUserSolution  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPUserSolution.xml
    
    #Retrieve information about claims authentication
    Get-SPTrustedIdentityTokenIssuer  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPTrustedIdentityTokenIssuer.xml
    Get-SPTrustedServiceTokenIssuer  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPTrustedServiceTokenIssuer.xml
    Get-SPTrustedRootAuthority  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPTrustedRootAuthority.xml
    
    
    #Retrieve information about installed Help
    Get-SPHelpCollection  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPHelpCollection.xml
    
    #Retrieve information about the logging levels that have been set
    Get-SPLogLevel  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPLogLevel.xml
    
    #Retrieve information about the sites in the farm
    Get-SPSite  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPSite.xml
    Get-SPSiteAdministration  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPSiteAdministration.xml
    Get-SPSiteSubscription  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPSiteSubscription.xml
    
    
    #Retrieve ULS logging information
    Get-SPDiagnosticConfig  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPDiagnosticConfig.xml
    Get-SPDiagnosticsPerformanceCounter  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPDiagnosticsPerformanceCounter.xml
    Get-SPDiagnosticsProvider  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPDiagnosticsProvider.xml
    
    #Retrieve information about accounts registered in the configuration database
    Get-SPManagedAccount  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPManagedAccount.xml
    Get-SPProcessAccount  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPProcessAccount.xml
    Get-SPShellAdmin  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPShellAdmin.xml
    
    #Retrieve specific information about the certificate authority
    Get-SPCertificateAuthority  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPCertificateAuthority.xml
    Get-SPClaimProvider  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPClaimProvider.xml
    Get-SPClaimProviderManager  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPClaimProviderManager.xml
    
    #Retrieve information about content deployment jobs
    Get-SPContentDeploymentJob | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPContentDeploymentJob.xml
    Get-SPContentDeploymentPath | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPContentDeploymentPath.xml
    
    #Retrieve information about the Mobile Messaging account.
    Get-SPWebApplication | Get-SPMobileMessagingAccount  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPMobileMessagingAccount.xml
    
    ##
    ##Common service infrastructure settings
    ##
    #Retrieve information about the service applications in the farm
    Get-SPServiceApplication  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPServiceApplication.xml
    Get-SPServiceApplicationPool  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPServiceApplicationPool.xml
    Get-SPServiceApplicationProxy  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPServiceApplicationProxy.xml
    Get-SPServiceApplicationProxyGroup  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPServiceApplicationProxyGroup.xml
    Get-SPServiceApplication | Get-SPServiceApplicationEndpoint  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPServiceApplicationEndpoint.xml
    
    #Retrieve information about the services running in the farm
    Get-SPServiceInstance  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPServiceInstance.xml
    
    #Retrieve information about InfoPath form services
    Get-SPInfoPathFormsService  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPInfoPathFormsService.xml
    Get-SPInfoPathFormTemplate  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPInfoPathFormTemplate.xml
    
    ###WARNING: The following cmdlet requires  run as administrator rights. 
    Get-SPInfoPathUserAgent  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPInfoPathUserAgent.xml
    
    #Retrieve information about common Web service settings
    Get-SPServiceHostConfig  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPServiceHostConfig.xml
    
    
    
    ##
    ## Common service application settings
    ##
    #Access Services
    #Retrieve specific information for the Access Services service application
    Get-SPAccessServiceApplication  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPAccessServiceApplication.xml
    
    #Application Discovery and Load Balancer Service Application 
    
    Get-SPTopologyServiceApplication  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPTopologyServiceApplication.xml
    Get-SPTopologyServiceApplicationProxy  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPTopologyServiceApplicationProxy.xml
    
    
    #Business Data Connectivity Service
    #Retrieve information about data connection files. ###WARNING: The following cmdlet requires  run as administrator rights
    Get-SPDataConnectionFile | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPDataConnectionFile.xml
    ###WARNING: The following cmdlet requires  run as administrator rights
    Get-SPDataConnectionFile | Get-SPDataConnectionFileDependent  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPDataConnectionFileDependent.xml
    
    #Excel Services Application
    #Note: An Excel service application must be provisioned for the following cmdlets to succeed. 
    Get-SPExcelServiceApplication | Get-SPExcelBlockedFileType  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPExcelBlockedFileType.xml
    Get-SPExcelServiceApplication | Get-SPExcelDataConnectionLibrary  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPExcelDataConnectionLibrary.xml
    Get-SPExcelServiceApplication | Get-SPExcelDataProvider  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPExcelDataProvider.xml
    Get-SPExcelServiceApplication | Get-SPExcelFileLocation  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPExcelFileLocation.xml
    Get-SPExcelServiceApplication | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPExcelServiceApplication.xml
    Get-SPExcelServiceApplication | Get-SPExcelUserDefinedFunction  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPExcelUserDefinedFunction.xml
    Get-SPWebApplication | Get-SPInfoPathWebServiceProxy  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPInfoPathWebServiceProxy.xml
    Get-SPWebApplication | Get-SPManagedPath  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPManagedPath.xml
     
    #Managed Metadata Service
    #Note: A Managed Metadata service application must be provisioned for the following cmdlets to succeed. 
    Get-SPServiceApplication | ?{$_.TypeName -eq "Managed Metadata Service"} | %{$id = $_.Id;Get-SPMetadataServiceApplication -Id $_ | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPMetadataServiceApplication-$id.xml}
    Get-SPServiceApplicationProxy | ?{$_.TypeName -eq "Managed Metadata Service Connection"} | %{$id = $_.Id;Get-SPMetadataServiceApplicationProxy -Id $_ | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPMetadataServiceApplicationProxy-$id.xml}
    Get-SPSite | Get-SPTaxonomySession  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPTaxonomySession.xml
    
    
    #PerformancePoint Service Application
    #Note: A PerformancePoint service application must be provisioned for the following cmdlets to succeed. 
    Get-SPPerformancePointServiceApplication | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPPerformancePointServiceApplication.xml
    Get-SPPerformancePointServiceApplication | Get-SPPerformancePointServiceApplicationTrustedLocation  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPPerformancePointServiceApplicationTrustedLocation.xml
    
    #Search 
    #Retrieve search information
    #Note:  A Search service application must be provisioned for the following cmdlets to succeed. 
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchAdministrationComponent  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchAdministrationComponent.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchCrawlContentSource  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchCrawlContentSource.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchCrawlCustomConnector  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchCrawlCustomConnector.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchCrawlDatabase  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchCrawlDatabase.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchCrawlExtension  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchCrawlExtension.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchCrawlMapping  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchCrawlMapping.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchCrawlRule  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchCrawlRule.xml
    $searchApp = Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication; Get-SPEnterpriseSearchExtendedClickThroughExtractorJobDefinition -SearchApplication $searchApp | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchExtendedClickThroughExtractorJobDefinition.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchExtendedConnectorProperty  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchExtendedConnectorProperty.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchExtendedQueryProperty  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchExtendedQueryProperty.xml
    ###WARNING: The following command generates a 120MB file that records the out of the box settings###
    #Note: The Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryAuthority and Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryDemoted cmdlets require the Owner and SearchApplication parameters#
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchLanguageResourcePhrase  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchLanguageResourcePhrase.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchMetadataCategory  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchMetadataCategory.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchMetadataCrawledProperty  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchMetadataCrawledProperty.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchMetadataManagedProperty  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchMetadataManagedProperty.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchMetadataMapping  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchMetadataMapping.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryAuthority  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryAuthority.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryDemoted  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryDemoted.xml
     Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryAndSiteSettingsService  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryAndSiteSettingsService.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryAndSiteSettingsServiceInstance  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryAndSiteSettingsServiceInstance.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryAndSiteSettingsServiceProxy  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryAndSiteSettingsServiceProxy.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchService  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchService.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceInstance  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceInstance.xml
    
    ###WARNING: The following command generates a file per site collection###
    #Note: The Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQuerySuggestionCandidates and Get-SPEnterpriseSearchRankingModel cmdlets require the Owner and SearchApplication parameters#
    Get-SPSite | %{$id = $_.Id;Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryKeyword -Site $_ | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryKeyword-$id.xml}
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryScope  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryScope.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryScope | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryScopeRule  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryScopeRule.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQuerySuggestionCandidates  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQuerySuggestionCandidates.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchRankingModel  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchRankingModel.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchSecurityTrimmer  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchSecurityTrimmer.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplicationProxy  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplicationProxy.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchSiteHitRule  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchSiteHitRule.xml
    
    
    #Security Token Service Application
    #Retrieve information about the security token service used for incoming SOAP messages.
    Get-SPSecurityTokenServiceConfig  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPSecurityTokenServiceConfig.xml
    
    #State Service
    #Retrieve information about the State Service.
    Get-SPSessionStateService  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPSessionStateService.xml
    Get-SPStateServiceApplication  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPStateServiceApplication.xml
    Get-SPStateServiceApplicationProxy  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPStateServiceApplicationProxy.xml
    Get-SPStateServiceDatabase  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPStateServiceDatabase.xml
    
    
    #Usage and Health data collection
    #Retrieve information about the Usage and Health Data Collection service application.
    Get-SPUsageApplication  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPUsageApplication.xml
    Get-SPUsageDefinition  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPUsageDefinition.xml
    Get-SPUsageService  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPUsageService.xml
    
    
    #Visio Service
    #A Visio service application must be provisioned for the following cmdlets to succeed.
    Get-SPVisioServiceApplication | Get-SPVisioExternalData  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPVisioExternalData.xml
    Get-SPVisioServiceApplication | Get-SPVisioPerformance  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPVisioPerformance.xml
    Get-SPVisioServiceApplication | Get-SPVisioSafeDataProvider  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPVisioSafeDataProvider.xml
    Get-SPVisioServiceApplication | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPVisioServiceApplication.xml
    Get-SPVisioServiceApplicationProxy  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPVisioServiceApplicationProxy.xml
    
    #Web Analytics Service Application
    A Web Analytics service application must be provisioned for the following cmdlets to succeed.
    Get-SPServiceApplication | ?{$_.TypeName -eq "Web Analytics Service Application"} | %{$id = $_.Id;Get-SPWebAnalyticsServiceApplication -Id $_ | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPWebAnalyticsServiceApplication-$id.xml}
    Get-SPServiceApplicationProxy | ?{$_.TypeName -eq "Web Analytics Service Application Proxy"} | %{$id = $_.Id;Get-SPWebAnalyticsServiceApplicationProxy -Id $_ | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPWebAnalyticsServiceApplicationProxy-$id.xml}
    Get-SPWebApplication | Get-SPWebApplicationHttpThrottlingMonitor  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPWebApplicationHttpThrottlingMonitor.xml
    Get-SPWebPartPack  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPWebPartPack.xml
    
    
    #Word Automation Services
    
    ###Note: These cmdlets are commented out because you are unlikely to want to run them. ###
    #Get-SPSite | %{$web=Get-SPWeb $_.Url;$webid=$web.Id;$web | Get-SPUser | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPUser-$webid.xml}
    
    # Get-SPSite | %{$web=Get-SPWeb $_.Url;$webid=$web.Id;$web | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPWeb-$webid.xml}
    
    
    
  3. 儲存檔案並新增 .ps1 副檔名,例如 SuggestedNameOfFile.ps1。

    注意事項 附註:
    您可以使用不同的檔案名稱,但是必須將檔案儲存為副檔名為 .ps1 的 ANSI 編碼文字檔。
  4. 啟動 SharePoint 2013 管理命令介面。

    • 若為 Windows Server 2008 R2:

      • 在 [開始] 功能表上,依序按一下 [所有程式]、[Microsoft SharePoint 2013 產品] 和 [SharePoint 2013 管理命令介面]。

    • 若為 Windows Server 2012:

      • 在 [開始] 畫面上,按一下 [SharePoint 2013 管理命令介面]。

        若 [SharePoint 2013 管理命令介面] 不在 [開始] 畫面上:

      • 以滑鼠右鍵按一下 [電腦]、[所有應用程式],然後按一下 [SharePoint 2013 管理命令介面]。

    如需如何與Windows Server 2012互動的詳細資訊,請參閱 <常見管理工作及 Windows Server 2012 中的導覽

  5. 變更至您儲存檔案的目錄。

  6. 在 Windows PowerShell 命令提示字元處,輸入下列命令:

    ./SuggestedFileName.ps1
    
使用 Windows PowerShell 記錄 SharePoint Foundation 2013 組態設定
  1. 確認您具備下列成員身分:

    • SQL Server 執行個體上的 securityadmin 固定伺服器角色。

    • 待更新之所有資料庫上的 db_owner 固定資料庫角色。

    • 正在執行 Windows PowerShell Cmdlet 之所在伺服器上的管理員群組。

    • 您必須閱讀 about_Execution_Policies (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?LinkId=193050)。

    管理員可以使用 Add-SPShellAdmin Cmdlet 來授與使用 SharePoint 2013 Cmdlet 的權限。

    注意事項 附註:
    如果您不具備上述權限,請連絡安裝程式系統管理員或 SQL Server 系統管理員要求權限。如需 Windows PowerShell 權限的其他資訊,請參閱<權限>與 Add-SPShellAdmin
  2. 使用 [記事本] 等文字編輯器來建立文字檔,然後將下列程式碼貼入檔案。範例中的命令將會建立 XML 檔案,這些文件可以記錄目前伺服器陣列中 Web 應用程式與服務應用程式的設定。僅選擇與環境相關的那些命令。

    ##
    ## Common SharePoint configuration settings
    ##
    #Retrieve Web Application information. The default depth of 2 does not return much detail--we recommend that you use a depth of 4 for this cmdlet.
    Get-SPWebApplication | Export-Clixml .\WebAppFilename.xml -depth 4
    
    #Retrieve custom layout information. 
    Get-SPWebApplication | Get-SPCustomLayoutsPage | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPCustomLayoutsPage.xml
    
    #Determine how SharePoint designer access is configured
    Get-SPWebApplication | Get-SPDesignerSettings  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPDesignerSettings.xml
    
    #Retrieve information about alternate access mapping
    Get-SPAlternateURL  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPAlternateURL.xml
    
    #Retrieve information about content databases
    Get-SPContentDatabase  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPContentDatabase.xml
    
    #Retrieve database properties for each database
    Get-SPDatabase  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPDatabase.xml
    
    #Retrieve information about all SharePoint Products installed in the farm, and the versions of all updates installed for each product.
    Get-SPProduct  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPProduct.xml
    
    #Retrieve farm information
    Get-SPFarm  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPFarm.xml
    Get-SPFarmConfig  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPFarmConfig.xml
    
    #Retrieve information about the servers in the farm
    Get-SPServer  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPServer.xml
    
    #Retrieve information about installed features
    Get-SPFeature  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPFeature.xml
    
    #Retrieve information about globally-installed site templates
    Get-SPWebTemplate  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPWebTemplate.xml
    
    #Retrieve information about deployed solutions
    Get-SPSolution  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPSolution.xml
    
    #Retrieve information about sandboxed solutions deployed in a site collection
    Get-SPSite | Get-SPUserSolution  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPUserSolution.xml
    
    #Retrieve information about installed Help
    Get-SPHelpCollection  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPHelpCollection.xml
    
    #Retrieve information about the logging levels that have been set
    Get-SPLogLevel  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPLogLevel.xml
    
    #Retrieve information about the sites in the farm
    Get-SPSite  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPSite.xml
    Get-SPSiteAdministration  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPSiteAdministration.xml
    Get-SPSiteSubscription  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPSiteSubscription.xml
    
    #Retrieve ULS logging information
    Get-SPDiagnosticConfig  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPDiagnosticConfig.xml
    Get-SPDiagnosticsPerformanceCounter  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPDiagnosticsPerformanceCounter.xml
    Get-SPDiagnosticsProvider  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPDiagnosticsProvider.xml
    
    #Retrieve information about accounts registered in the configuration database
    Get-SPManagedAccount  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPManagedAccount.xml
    Get-SPProcessAccount  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPProcessAccount.xml
    Get-SPShellAdmin  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPShellAdmin.xml
    
    #Retrieve information about the Mobile Messaging account.
    Get-SPWebApplication | Get-SPMobileMessagingAccount  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPMobileMessagingAccount.xml
    
    ##
    ##Common service infrastructure settings
    ##
    #Retrieve information about the service applications in the farm
    Get-SPServiceApplication  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPServiceApplication.xml
    Get-SPServiceApplicationPool  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPServiceApplicationPool.xml
    Get-SPServiceApplicationProxy  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPServiceApplicationProxy.xml
    Get-SPServiceApplicationProxyGroup  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPServiceApplicationProxyGroup.xml
    Get-SPServiceApplication | Get-SPServiceApplicationEndpoint  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPServiceApplicationEndpoint.xml
    
    #Retrieve information about the services running in the farm
    Get-SPServiceInstance  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPServiceInstance.xml
    
    #Retrieve information about common Web service settings
    Get-SPServiceHostConfig  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPServiceHostConfig.xml
    
    ##
    ## Common service application configurations
    ##
    
    #Application Discovery and Load Balancer Service Application 
    Get-SPTopologyServiceApplication  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPTopologyServiceApplication.xml
    Get-SPTopologyServiceApplicationProxy  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPTopologyServiceApplicationProxy.xml
    
    
    #Business Data Connectivity Service
    #Retrieve information about data connection files. ###WARNING: The following cmdlet requires  run as administrator rights
    Get-SPDataConnectionFile | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPDataConnectionFile.xml
    ###WARNING: The following cmdlet requires  run as administrator rights
    Get-SPDataConnectionFile | Get-SPDataConnectionFileDependent  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPDataConnectionFileDependent.xml
    
    #Security Token Service Application
    #Retrieve information about the security token service used for incoming SOAP messages.
    Get-SPSecurityTokenServiceConfig  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPSecurityTokenServiceConfig.xml
    
    #Usage and Health data collection
    #Retrieve information about the Usage and Health Data Collection service application.
    Get-SPUsageApplication  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPUsageApplication.xml
    Get-SPUsageDefinition  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPUsageDefinition.xml
    Get-SPUsageService  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPUsageService.xml
    
    ###Note: These cmdlets are commented out because you are unlikely to want to run them. ###
    #Get-SPSite | %{$web=Get-SPWeb $_.Url;$webid=$web.Id;$web | Get-SPUser | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPUser-$webid.xml}
    
    # Get-SPSite | %{$web=Get-SPWeb $_.Url;$webid=$web.Id;$web | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPWeb-$webid.xml}
    
    
    
  3. 儲存檔案並新增 .ps1 副檔名,例如 SuggestedNameOfFile.ps1。

    注意事項 附註:
    您可以使用不同的檔案名稱,但是必須將檔案儲存為副檔名為 .ps1 的 ANSI 編碼文字檔。
  4. 啟動 SharePoint 2013 管理命令介面。

    • 若為 Windows Server 2008 R2:

      • 在 [開始] 功能表上,依序按一下 [所有程式]、[Microsoft SharePoint 2013 產品] 和 [SharePoint 2013 管理命令介面]。

    • 若為 Windows Server 2012:

      • 在 [開始] 畫面上,按一下 [SharePoint 2013 管理命令介面]。

        若 [SharePoint 2013 管理命令介面] 不在 [開始] 畫面上:

      • 以滑鼠右鍵按一下 [電腦]、[所有應用程式],然後按一下 [SharePoint 2013 管理命令介面]。

    如需如何與Windows Server 2012互動的詳細資訊,請參閱 <常見管理工作及 Windows Server 2012 中的導覽

  5. 變更至您儲存檔案的目錄。

  6. 在 Windows PowerShell 命令提示字元處,輸入下列命令:

    ./SuggestedFileName.ps1
    

如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Export-Clixml、<Get-SPWebApplication>與<Get-SPServiceApplication>。

注意事項 附註:
建議您在執行命令列管理工作時使用 Windows PowerShell。Stsadm 命令列工具已過時,但為與舊版產品相容,仍會隨附提供。

本節提供一個方法範例,您可以透過這些方法使用建議的 Cmdlet。

Get-SPAlternateURL Cmdlet 提供備用存取對應的資訊。透過管道將 Cmdlet 傳遞給 Export-Clixml Cmdlet 會將相關資訊寫入 XML 檔案。

Get-SPAlternateURL | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPAlternateURL.xml

下列章節列出 Get-SPAlternateURL.xml 檔案的內容。某些區段已摺疊。

- <Objs Version="1.1.0.1" xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/powershell/2004/04">
+ <Obj RefId="0">
- <Obj RefId="7">
  <TNRef RefId="0" /> 
  <ToString>Microsoft.SharePoint.Administration.SPAlternateUrl</ToString> 
- <Props>
  <S N="IncomingUrl">http://servername</S> 
  <URI N="Uri">http://servername/</URI> 
+ <Obj N="UrlZone" RefId="8">
- <Obj N="Collection" RefId="9">
  <TNRef RefId="2" /> 
- <IE>
- <Obj RefId="10">
  <TNRef RefId="0" /> 
  <ToString>Microsoft.SharePoint.Administration.SPAlternateUrl</ToString> 
+ <Props>
- <MS>
  <S N="Zone">Default</S> 
  <S N="PublicUrl">http://servername</S> 
  </MS>
  </Obj>
  </IE>
- <Props>
  <I32 N="Count">1</I32> 
  <B N="IsReadOnly">false</B> 
  <S N="TypeName">Alternate Access Mapping Collection</S> 
  <S N="DisplayName">SharePoint - 80</S> 
  <U64 N="DiskSizeRequired">0</U64> 
  <B N="CanSelectForBackup">false</B> 
  <B N="CanRenameOnRestore">false</B> 
  <B N="CanSelectForRestore">false</B> 
  <S N="Name">SharePoint - 80</S> 
  <G N="Id">5b65a69a-222d-4fe0-904b-0fb928bc7a89</G> 
  <S N="Status">Online</S> 
  <S N="Parent">SPFarm Name=SERVERNAME_SharePoint_Configuration_Database</S> 
  <I64 N="Version">3661</I64> 
+ <Obj N="Properties" RefId="12">
  <TNRef RefId="3" /> 
  <DCT /> 
  </Obj>
  <S N="Farm">SPFarm Name=SERVERNAME_SharePoint_Configuration_Database</S> 
  <Ref N="UpgradedPersistedProperties" RefId="11" /> 
  </Props>
  </Obj>
  <Ref N="UpgradedPersistedProperties" RefId="11" /> 
  </Props>
+ <MS>
+ <Obj N="Zone" RefId="13">
  <TNRef RefId="1" /> 
  <ToString>Default</ToString> 
  <I32>0</I32> 
  </Obj>
  <S N="PublicUrl">http://servername</S> 
  </MS>
  </Obj>
  </Objs>

本範例從 XML 檔案匯入輸出,讓您可以更輕鬆地查看其內容。

Import-Clixml .\Get-SPAlternateURL.xml

匯入 XML 檔案後,即可在管道中使用物件,就像它們是指定類型的實際物件一樣。

Import-Clixml .\Get-SPAlternateURL.xml | %{$_.Uri}

您也可以透過管道將物件作為 Cmdlet 的一部分傳遞,並檢視所有預期的屬性、方法與 TypeNames。下列範例會透過管道傳遞 URI。

Import-Clixml .\Get-SPAlternateURL.xml | %{$_.Uri | Get-Member}

https://technet.microsoft.com/zh-tw/library/ff607923.aspx
顯示: