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Determine hardware and software requirements (Office SharePoint Server)

Updated: November 7, 2011

Applies To: Office SharePoint Server 2007

Updated: 2011-11-07

In this article:

This article describes the hardware and software requirements for installing Microsoft Office SharePoint Server 2007.

About hardware and software requirements

An installation of Office SharePoint Server 2007 can range from a single computer (stand-alone installation) to many computers (server farm). The requirements for your installation will depend on the availability and scale requirements for your solution. This article describes the minimum and recommended hardware requirements based on whether you are deploying a stand-alone installation or a server farm. This article also lists the software prerequisites for installing Office SharePoint Server 2007.

This article does not provide guidance about choosing a farm topology or hardware based on availability requirements or performance and capacity requirements. For more information about designing your solution to address these requirements, see Plan for redundancy (Office SharePoint Server).

The hardware and software requirements described in this article apply to both x32-bit–based and x64-bit–based systems. However, if you installed the 64-bit version of Windows Server 2008 and then modified the Enable32bitAppOnWin64 registry key so that Internet Information Server (IIS) is running in 32-bit emulation mode, you cannot install Office SharePoint Server 2007. To install either 32-bit or 64-bit Office SharePoint Server 2007 you must run IIS in 64-bit mode.

NoteNote:

Itanium-based systems are not supported.

Using a mix of 32-bit servers and 64-bit servers in a server farm is supported. However, this scenario is not recommended because of the potential performance issues that could occur. For example:

  • With a clustered front-end Web server that uses round robin, the 32-bit server will be the bottleneck.

  • If a 64-bit front-end Web server is making calls to a 32-bit SQL Server database, there may be a bottleneck if SQL Server does not have adequate resources. This also applies to a 64-bit indexer that is working against a 32-bit SQL Server database.

If circumstances require heterogeneous server architecture, we recommend that you use homogeneous (32-bit or 64-bit) servers on each application tier, for example, 32-bit servers for all the front-end Web servers.

If server farm performance in a heterogeneous environment becomes an issue, the recommended solution is to migrate all of the SharePoint farm servers to the 64-bit architecture. We highly recommend that you have a migration plan in place to move to a 64-bit only environment as soon as possible. Our support and test data shows that SharePoint products and technologies that are installed on 64-bit servers have significant gains in system throughput and performance during peak loads.

NoteNote:

While migrating 32-bit servers to 64-bit servers there will be times during the migration process that you cannot maintain homogenous servers on each tier. However, performance issues will only occur during the migration process.

Stand-alone installation

You can install Office SharePoint Server 2007 on a single computer by using either of the following methods:

  • By selecting Basic.

  • By selecting Advanced, and then selecting Stand-alone in Office SharePoint Server 2007 Setup.

Hardware requirements

The following table lists the minimum and recommended hardware requirements for deploying Office SharePoint Server 2007, including the deployment of Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Express Edition, for a stand-alone installation.

Component Minimum Recommended

Processor

2.5 gigahertz (GHz)

Dual processors that are each 3 GHz or faster

RAM

1 gigabyte (GB)

2 GB

Disk

NTFS file system–formatted partition with a minimum of 3 GB of free space

NTFS file system–formatted partition with 3 GB of free space plus adequate free space for your Web sites

Drive

DVD drive

DVD drive or the source copied to a local or network-accessible drive

Display

1024 × 768

1024 × 768 or higher resolution monitor

Network

56 kilobits per second (Kbps) connection between client computers and server

56 Kbps or faster connection between client computers and server

Software requirements

Because Office SharePoint Server 2007 is built on Windows SharePoint Services 3.0, the requirements that apply to Windows SharePoint Services 3.0 also apply to Office SharePoint Server 2007.

NoteNote:

Because the Office SharePoint Server 2007 installation and configuration wizard marshals many components, if you uninstall Office SharePoint Server 2007, and then later install Office SharePoint Server 2007 on the same computer, the Setup program could fail when creating the configuration database, which would cause the entire installation process to fail. You can prevent this failure by deleting the existing configuration database or by using the psconfig command to create a new configuration database.

2007 Microsoft Office system uses a common installer, and the features that are available in your Office SharePoint Server 2007 installation depend on the product identification (PID) key that you specify during installation. This means that even with the same installation source, if you specify a different PID key (for example, a PID key for a different Office SharePoint Server 2007 edition), a different feature set will be available for installation.

Database

When you perform a Basic installation, SQL Server 2005 Express Edition is automatically installed. When you perform an Advanced installation on a stand-alone computer that already has Microsoft SQL Server installed, ensure that the computer meets the hardware and software requirements for a database server. For more information, see Database server later in this article.

NoteNote:

If you are installing Office SharePoint Server 2007 with Service Pack 1 (SP1) on Windows Server 2008, setup installs Windows Internal Database with Service Pack 2 (SP2).

Because of Windows licensing restrictions, if you are using Windows Server 2003, Web Edition in a single server environment, you can only perform an Advanced, front-end Web server installation. This is because the full SQL Server editions cannot be installed on Windows Server 2003, Web Edition. In this scenario, you need to have a full SQL Server edition installed on a compatible edition of Windows Server 2003 for use with Office SharePoint Server 2007. Windows Server 2003, Web edition does not support Basic installation of Office SharePoint Server 2007. However, you can install SQL Server 2005 Express Edition or SQL Server 2000 Desktop Engine (Windows) (WMSDE).

ImportantImportant:

You must update SQL Server 2000 to the latest service pack, which is SQL Server 2000 Service Pack 4. For more information, see Microsoft SQL Server 2000 Service Pack 4 (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=86989&clcid=0x409)

Operating system

The initial release of Office SharePoint Server 2007 runs on Windows Server 2003 with SP1. We recommend that you apply all critical updates. You can use the following Windows Server 2003 editions:

  • Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition

  • Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition

  • Windows Server 2003, Datacenter Edition

  • Windows Server 2003, Web Edition

Because of Windows licensing restrictions, if you are using Windows Server 2003, Web Edition in a single server environment, you can only perform an Advanced, front-end Web server installation. This is because the full SQL Server editions cannot be installed on Windows Server 2003, Web Edition. In this scenario, you need to have a full SQL Server edition installed on a compatible edition of Windows Server 2003 for use with Office SharePoint Server 2007. Windows Server 2003, Web edition does not support Basic installation of Office SharePoint Server 2007. However, you can install SQL Server 2005 Express Edition or SQL Server 2000 Desktop Engine (Windows) (WMSDE).

ImportantImportant:

You must update SQL Server 2000 to the latest service pack, which is SQL Server 2000 Service Pack 4. For more information, see Microsoft SQL Server 2000 Service Pack 4 (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=86989&clcid=0x409)

Office SharePoint Server 2007 administration functions require Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 with the most recent service packs, Internet Explorer 7.0, or Internet Explorer 8.0.

ImportantImportant:

Office SharePoint Server 2007 requires Active Directory directory services for farm deployments. Therefore Office SharePoint Server 2007 cannot be installed in a farm on a Windows NT 4.0 domain.

The following are updates to supported operating systems since the initial release of Office SharePoint Server 2007:

  • SP1 - Microsoft Office SharePoint Server 2007 with Service Pack 1 (SP1) is supported on Windows Server 2008. As with the Windows Server 2003 operating system, you must download and run Setup and the SharePoint Products and Technologies Configuration Wizard. You cannot install Office SharePoint Server 2007 on Windows Server 2008 without also installing Office SharePoint Server service packs.

  • SP2 – Microsoft Office SharePoint Server 2007 with Service Pack 2 (SP2) is supported on Windows Server 2008 R2 with Service Pack 1 (SP1). You must create a slipstreamed installation source for Office SharePoint Server 2007. This installation source must include the files from both Windows SharePoint Services 3.0 with Service Pack 1 (SP1) and Office SharePoint Server 2007 with SP1. For more information about how to use the updates folder to create a slipstreamed source, see Create an installation source that includes software updates (Office SharePoint Server 2007).

  • SP3 - Office SharePoint Server 2007 with Service Pack 3 (SP3) is supported on Windows Server 2008 R2 with Service Pack 1 (SP1). However, you must create a slipstreamed installation source for Office SharePoint Server 2007. This installation source must include the files from both Windows SharePoint Services 3.0 with Service Pack 2 (SP2) and Office SharePoint Server 2007 with SP2. For more information about how to use the updates folder to create a slipstreamed source, see Create an installation source that includes software updates (Office SharePoint Server 2007).

Windows components

After you have installed the operating system and applied all critical updates, you must configure the computer to be a Web server by enabling Internet Information Services (IIS) 6.0, including:

  • Common files

  • WWW

  • Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP)

You must configure the server to use IIS 6.0 worker process isolation mode. This is the default setting in new installations. However, if you have upgraded from IIS 5.0 on Windows Server 2000, Run WWW in IIS 5.0 isolation mode is enabled, and you must change this setting to use IIS 6.0 worker process isolation mode.

NoteNote:

You must have Internet Information Services (IIS) 7.0 installed to install Office SharePoint Server 2007 with SP1 on Windows Server 2008.

To enable e-mail notifications, you need to configure incoming and outgoing e-mail settings. To configure sending e-mail alerts and notifications, you must specify an SMTP e-mail server. To configure your installation so that your SharePoint sites can accept and archive incoming e-mail, you must install the IIS SMTP service.

ImportantImportant:

The following components are required for Office SharePoint Server 2007 to run correctly: the Web Server role, the Microsoft .NET Framework version 3.0, and Windows Internal Database. Do not uninstall them or Office SharePoint Server 2007 will cease to run.

Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0

Before installing Office SharePoint Server 2007, you must install the Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 and then ensure that ASP.NET 2.0 is enabled.

NoteNote:

You can also use the Microsoft .NET Framework version 3.5. You can download the .NET Framework version 3.5 from the Microsoft Web site (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=110508).

To enable ASP.NET v2.0.50727, open the Web service extension in the IIS snap-in on the Microsoft Management Console (MMC). If ASP.NET 2.0 is installed on the computer before IIS is enabled, you must enable ASP.NET 2.0 by running the command aspnet_regiis -i.

Server farm installation

The primary difference between a single server and a server farm topology is that you can use one or more computers to host the following server roles:

  • Application server

  • Front-end Web server

  • Database server

This section describes the minimum and recommended system requirements for each server role. If you install more than one role on a single computer, ensure that the computer meets the minimum requirements for all server roles.

Application server

Hardware requirements

The following table lists the minimum and recommended hardware requirements for deploying an Office SharePoint Server 2007 application server.

Component Minimum Recommended

Processor

2.5 GHz

Dual processors that are each faster than 2.5 GHz

RAM

2 GB

4 GB

Disk

NTFS file system–formatted partition with a minimum of 3 GB of free space

NTFS file system–formatted partition with 3 GB of free space plus adequate free space for your data storage requirements

Drive

DVD drive

DVD drive or the source copied to a local or network-accessible drive

Display

1024 × 768

1024 × 768 or higher resolution monitor

Network

  • 56 Kbps connection between client computers and server

  • For connections between computers in your server farm, 100 megabits per second (Mbps) connection

  • 56 Kbps or faster connection between client computers and server

  • For connections between computers in your server farm, 1 gigabit per second (Gbps) connection

Software requirements

Because Office SharePoint Server 2007 is built on Windows SharePoint Services 3.0, the requirements that apply to Windows SharePoint Services 3.0 also apply to Office SharePoint Server 2007.

We recommend that you install Office SharePoint Server 2007 on a computer that has a new installation of Windows Server 2003 with SP1 or later and all critical updates.

2007 Microsoft Office system uses a common installer, and the features that are available in your Office SharePoint Server 2007 installation depend on the PID that you specify during installation. This means that even with the same installation source, if you specify a different PID key (for example, a PID key for a different Office SharePoint Server 2007 edition), a different feature set will be available for installation.

Operating system

Office SharePoint Server 2007 runs on Windows Server 2003 with SP1 or later. We recommend that you apply all critical updates. You can use the following Windows Server 2003 editions:

  • Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition

  • Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition

  • Windows Server 2003, Datacenter Edition

  • Windows Server 2003, Web Edition

Office SharePoint Server 2007 administration functions require Internet Explorer 6.0 with the most recent service packs, Internet Explorer 7.0, or Internet Explorer 8.0.

As of Office SharePoint Server 2007 with SP1, you can now install Office SharePoint Server 2007 on Windows Server 2008. As with the Windows Server 2003 operating system, you must download and run Setup and the SharePoint Products and Technologies Configuration Wizard. You cannot install Office SharePoint Server 2007 without service packs on Windows Server 2008.

Windows components

After you have installed the operating system and applied all critical updates, you must configure the computer to be a Web server by enabling IIS 6.0, including:

  • Common files

  • WWW

  • SMTP

You must configure the server to use IIS 6.0 worker process isolation mode. This is the default setting in new installations. However, if you have upgraded from IIS 5.0 on Windows Server 2000, Run WWW in IIS 5.0 isolation mode is enabled, and you must change this setting to use IIS 6.0 worker process isolation mode.

NoteNote:

You must have IIS 7.0 installed to install Office SharePoint Server 2007 with SP1 on Windows Server 2008.

To enable e-mail notifications, you need to configure incoming and outgoing e-mail settings. To configure sending e-mail alerts and notifications, you must specify an SMTP e-mail server. To configure your installation so that your SharePoint sites can accept and archive incoming e-mail, you must install the IIS SMTP service.

ImportantImportant:

The following components are required for Office SharePoint Server 2007 to run correctly: the Web Server role, and the Microsoft .NET Framework version 3.0. Do not uninstall them, or Office SharePoint Server 2007 will cease to run.

Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0

After you have configured the server as a Web server, you must install the Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 and then ensure that ASP.NET 2.0 is enabled.

NoteNote:

You can also use the Microsoft .NET Framework version 3.5. You can download the .NET Framework version 3.5 from the Microsoft Web site (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=110508).

To enable ASP.NET v2.0.50727, open the Web service extension in the IIS snap-in on the MMC. If ASP.NET 2.0 is installed on the computer before IIS is enabled, you must enable ASP.NET 2.0 by running the command aspnet_regiis -i.

Front-end Web server

Hardware requirements

The following table lists the minimum and recommended hardware requirements for deploying an Office SharePoint Server 2007 front-end Web server.

Component Minimum Recommended

Processor

2.5 GHz

Dual processors that are each 3 GHz or faster

RAM

2 GB

More than 2 GB

Disk

NTFS file system–formatted partition with a minimum of 3 GB of free space

NTFS file system–formatted partition with 3 GB of free space plus adequate free space for your data storage requirements

Drive

DVD drive

DVD drive or the source copied to a local or network-accessible drive

Display

1024 × 768

1024 × 768 or higher resolution monitor

Network

  • 56 Kbps connection between client computers and server

  • For connections between computers in your server farm, 100 Mbps connection

  • 56 Kbps or faster connection between client computers and server

  • For connections between computers in your server farm, 1 Gbps connection

Software requirements

Because a front-end Web server is a subset of an application server, all features on a front-end Web server are available on an application server. The software requirements for the front-end Web server are the same as the software requirements for the application server before you add specific resources to meet the demands that you forecast as a result of your capacity planning phase.

Database server

The computer that hosts the database server role must have SQL Server 2000 with the latest service pack or Microsoft SQL Server 2005 SP1 or later. Some advanced features require SQL Server 2005 Analysis Services SP1 or later. For information about the hardware and software required to deploy a database server, see SQL Server 2005 System Requirements (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=75010&clcid=0x409).

ImportantImportant:

You must update SQL Server 2000 to the latest service pack, which is SQL Server 2000 Service Pack 4. For more information, see Microsoft SQL Server 2000 Service Pack 4 (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=86989&clcid=0x409)

NoteNote:

Office SharePoint Server 2007 supports SQL Server 2008. However, you must install Windows SharePoint Services 3.0 SP1 or later and Office SharePoint Server 2007 SP1 or later in order to use SQL Server 2008. Office SharePoint Server 2007 also supports SQL Server 2008 R2. Ensure that you have installed Office SharePoint Server 2007 with Service Pack 2 (SP2) or later.

ImportantImportant:

Office SharePoint Server 2007 does not support SQL Server 2012 or later versions of SQL Server.

Because of Windows licensing restrictions, if you are using Windows Server 2003, Web Edition in a single server environment, you can only perform an Advanced, front-end Web server installation. This is because the full SQL Server editions cannot be installed on Windows Server 2003, Web Edition. In this scenario, you need to have a full SQL Server edition installed on a compatible edition of Windows Server 2003 for use with Office SharePoint Server 2007. Windows Server 2003, Web edition does not support Basic installation of Office SharePoint Server 2007. However, you can install SQL Server 2005 Express Edition or SQL Server 2000 Desktop Engine (Windows) (WMSDE).

Download this book

This topic is included in the following downloadable book for easier reading and printing:

See the full list of available books at Downloadable content for Office SharePoint Server 2007.

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